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Hypermedia jt

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  • 1. Going to the Past with Verbs EDC 601 Instructional Technologies Project 2: Hypermedia Tutorial Project Dr. Stephen Gareau, Ph.D. By Jorge L. Torres Nov. 09, 2010
  • 2. Past Tense Verb Guide What is a verb? Past Tense Verb Regular and Irregular verbs 6- Spelling Rules for Regular First rule Second rule Third rule Fourth rule Fifth rule Sixth rule Memorizing Techniques L.T.C.W.C “loci” Summary 6-Rules Quiz Reference 1 2 3 4a 4b 4c 6 8 5 4d 4e 4f 5a 5b
  • 3. What is a Verb? The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb (auxiliary or helping verb + verb) asserts something about the subject of the sentence and expresses actions, events, or states of being (linking verbs). The verb or compound verb is the critical element of the predicate of a sentence. Example: Dracula bites his victims on the neck. For more visit: http://www.learnenglish.de
  • 4. Past Tense Verb It is a verb tense that indicates an action that has already occurred in the past and which does not extend into the present. The simple past tense of regular verbs is marked by the ending -d, -ed, or -t. Irregular verbs have a variety of endings.
  • 5. Regular and Irregular Verbs Regular verb is a verb that forms its past tense (past tense means that the action has already been completed) by adding -d or -ed or in some cases –t to the base form. Contrast with Irregular Verbs. Examples: Last week, Susie jumped over the table. Earlier this morning, Bob talked with his mom. Online-related videos http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/past-tense-regular-verbs.html Start Stop
  • 6. Regular and Irregular Verbs Irregular verb is a verb that does not follow the usual rules for verb forms. Verbs in English are irregular if they don't have a conventional - ed form (like asked or ended). Examples: Yesterday, Mrs. Torres taught her students about Halloween. Peter and Samuel ate three apples at school for lunch two days ago.
  • 7. Spelling rules for Regular Past Tense Verbs The first rule is to add the letters “ed” to the end of the base form of most verbs. Examples: start + ed =started finish + ed =finished wash + ed =washed cook + Ed =cooked wish + ed =wished play + ed =played
  • 8. Spelling rules for Regular Past Tense Verbs The second rule is to add only the letter “d” to the end of the base form when it ends in an e. Examples: live + ed =lived care + ed =cared die + ed =died hope + ed =hoped hate + ed =hated love + ed =loved
  • 9. Spelling rules for Regular Past Tense Verbs The third rule is if the verb ends in a consonant + “y”, change the “y” to “i”, add “ed”. Examples: dry replace y with i + ed = dried carry replace y with i + ed = carried spy replace y with i + ed = spied try replace y with i + ed = tried
  • 10. Spelling rules for Regular Past Tense Verbs The fourth rule is if the verb ends in a vowel+ “y”, do not change the “y”, just+“ed”. Examples: pray + ed = prayed stay + ed = stayed destroy + ed = destroyed play + ed = played prey + ed = preyed display + ed = displayed
  • 11. Spelling rules for Regular Past Tense Verbs The fifth rule is if the verb has one syllable and ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC), double the final consonant and add “ed” to the end. Examples: stop + p + ed =stopped rob + b + ed =robbed beg + g + ed =begged
  • 12. Spelling rules for Regular Past Tense Verbs The sixth rule is an exception to the previous rule. When the verb ends in “w” or “x”, do not double the final “w” or “x”. Just add “ed”. Examples: sew + ed =sewed mix + ed =mixed row + ed =rowed mow + ed =mowed fix + ed =fixed
  • 13. Memorizing Techniques Students who have a natural ability to easily memorize facts, figures, and procedures may have an easier time taking tests and may earn higher scores on exams. After all, being able to memorize more easily allows you to quickly answer fact-based questions and provide more detailed answers on essay questions. Fortunately, there are different techniques that can help you improve your memory.
  • 14. LOOK - THINK - COVER - WRITE – CHECK LOOK carefully at the new word. How can you break it into smaller bits? Do any of the smaller bits remind you of the patterns of letters from other words? THINK about the parts of the words which might cause problems - double letters for instance, or a vowel that isn't pronounced as you would expect.
  • 15. LOOK - THINK - COVER - WRITE – CHECK COVER the word and close your eyes. Try to see it in your mind's eye. WRITE the word down without looking back. CHECK to see if you're right. If not, look carefully at where you went wrong and try again. Repeat the entire process with every word that you want to memorize.
  • 16. “loci” There are many theories and ideas about improving memory, but there is one mnemonic method that has been around since ancient times. Ancient accounts show that early Greek and Roman orators used the "loci" method of remembering long speeches and lists. You may be able to use this method to enhance your memory at test time.
  • 17. The term ”loci” refers to places or locations. To use the loci system, you will first need to think of a place or route that you can picture in your head very clearly. It can be your house, your school bus route, or any place “loci” that contains clear landmarks or rooms. Then relate each word with such place/location.
  • 18. Summary 6-Rules • Add “ed” at the end of most verbs • Add “d” if verb ends in an “e”. • When verb ends in “y” replace with “i”,+“ed”. • When verb ends in a vowel + “y”, just +“ed”. • One syllable verb ends in CVC, double final C +“ed”. • When verb ends in “w” or “x”, do not double it. Just add “ed”
  • 19. Quiz The first sentence in each set contains a verb in the present tense. Complete the second sentence in each set by adding -d or -ed to the verb in parentheses to form the past tense. When you're done, check your responses. Start quiz
  • 20. Carrot Top uses unusual props in his comedy act. Recently he (use) a double-wide toilet seat. Halley's Comet appears every 76 years. It last (appear) in 1986. We rarely punish the children. However, we (punish) them yesterday for spray-painting the dog. Wallace likes knitting and reading the newspaper. Even as a boy, he (like) to invent things. Quiz 1 2 3 4
  • 21. Wallace enjoys Wensleydale cheese and a nice cup of tea. When he was younger, Wallace (enjoy) cheddar cheese. I usually purchase a season ticket from the box office. Yesterday I (purchase) a ticket over the Internet. Gromit graduates from college today. Last year he (graduate) from Dogwarts University. Please carry this invention upstairs for me. I (carry) it into the house. Quiz 5 6 7 8
  • 22. Mookie and Buddy cry when they are hungry. Last night they (cry) for over an hour. Gromit tries very hard to be helpful. He (try) too hard last week. Quiz 9 10
  • 23. References Concepts Verb concept. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/verbs.html Past Tense Verb, Regular, and Irregular verb concept. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://grammar.about.com Spelling rules. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/5810860/Spelling-Rules-for-Regular-Past-Tense- Verbs http://www.kwiznet.com/p/takeQuiz.php?ChapterID=415&CurriculumID=15 Memorizing Techniques. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.studyguidezone.com/memorizationtechniques.htm Eyes. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d5/Big_eyes.gif “loci” technique. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://homeworktips.about.com/od/homeworkhelp/a/loc i.htm
  • 24. Look-Think-Cover-Write-Check technique. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.spelling.hemscott.net/#memorizing Graphics Old car. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.johnson- mortimer.co.uk/2004/gall_pics/car1blend.jpg Categories of Verbs. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.english-grammar-revolution.com/what-is-a-verb.html Bulb and head. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.gakusen.ac.jp/faculty/alagna/AlagnaCourse.html%20Fol ders/ALAGNA.ENG.%201+2.htmFolder/AlagnaSuccessfulHabitsHPFold er/IdeaLightBulb02.GIF Girl covering eyes. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.dgcommunity.net/dgcommunity//xMWimages/8025.jpg References
  • 25. Pen and paper. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://images2.fanpop.com/images/photos/3600000/a- thoughtfull-pen-writing-3647581-2560-1702.jpg Hand and Magnifier. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.webdesign.org/img_articles/13819/step1.gif Ancient Greek. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://www.greeceindex.com/greece-ecards/images/greece- 20628535.jpg “loci” example. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://img.medscape.com/fullsize/migrated/580/273/jnn580273.fig2.gif Stock Xchange. Note. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from. http://www.sxc.hu/pic/m/f/ft/ftibor/491366_note_paper.jpg Sounds Amazing Sounds (2001). Human Generated Sounds. Vehicles. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010 from http://amazingsounds.iespana.es/en/ References

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