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Modal verbs (i) must have to

Modal verbs (i) must have to






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    Modal verbs (i) must have to Modal verbs (i) must have to Presentation Transcript

    • MODAL VERBS (I): Must, have to, should (obligation) p. 134
    • Must vs. Have to
      • Both indicate obligation, but there’s a little difference.
      • It’s getting late. I must go now  obligation from the speaker .
      • It’s getting late. My mum told me I have to be at home at 9.  obligation from another person .
      • Must is more common for specific (on one occasion) or personal obligations .
      • I must turn off my mobile. The battery is dying (specific occasion; it’s my own decision).
      • Have to is more common for general , external obligations , like rules and laws.
      • You have to turn off your mobile on a plane. (rule)
    • You have to wear a seatbelt in the car. Do you have to work on Satudays? I had to wear a uniform when I was at school. I must go to bed. I’m exhausted. I must remember to phone her tomorrow – it’s her birthday. FROM ANOTHER PERSON FROM THE SPEAKER OBLIGATION
    • GOTTA
      • In spoken English, especially in the USA, people say got to (or gotta ) instead of have to.
      • I gotta go now. It’s getting late.
      • I got to study – I have an exam tomorrow.
      • Must is a modal verb. The only forms are must and mustn’t.
      • Must , as ALL MODALS , is ALWAYS followed by infinitive WITHOUT TO!!!
    • Strong recommendation
      • You can also have to and must for strong recommendations.
      • You must see “The Queen”, it’s a fantastic film.
      • You have to listen to this song – I love it!
    • No obligation/necessity: don’t have to.
      • You don’t have to come to the party if you don’t want to.
      • You don’t have to pay for the photocopies, they are free.
    • Prohibition: mustn’t
      • Don’t have to and mustn’t are completely different. Compare
      • You mustn’t smoke inside a hospital. It’s forbbiden. ( It’s the law )
      • You mustn’t drink and drive.
      • You don’t have to drive to the party, I’ll pick you up. (You can drive if you want, but it is not necessary ).
      • You can use can’t or not allowed to instead of mustn’t.
      • You can’t park here.
      • You are not allowed to
      • park here.