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Comparatives and superlatives ni1
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Comparatives and superlatives ni1

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  • 1. COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES
  • 2.
    • One syllable adjectives generally form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est , e.g.:
    Adjective Comparative Superlative Soft Softer than The softest Cheap Cheaper than The cheapest Sweet Sweeter than The sweetest Thin Thinner than The thinnest
  • 3. SPELLING RULES
    • Note that if a one syllable adjective ends in CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant), the last consonant is doubled, e.g.: thin -> thinner, big -> biggest.
    • If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -er/-est, e.g.: wide -> wider/widest.
    • If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -y, -y is replaced by -i when adding -er/-est, e.g.: dry -> drier/driest .
  • 4. TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES
    • two syllable adjectives which end in –y, -ow, -le, -er usually add –er/-est,
    Adjective Comparative superlative lucky luckier the luckiest narrow narrower the narrowest simple simpler the simplest
  • 5. TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES
    • Other two syllable adjectives always form the comparative with more and the superlative with the most , e.g.:
    Adjective Comparative superlative Worried More worried The most worried Boring More boring The most boring Careful More careful The most careful Useless More useless The most useless
  • 6. THREE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES
    • Adjectives which have three or more syllables always form the comparative and superlative with MORE and THE MOST , e.g.:
    • But:
    • unhappy – unhappier – the unhappiest
    Adjective Comparative Superlative Dangerous More dangerous The most dangerous Difficult More difficult The most difficult
  • 7. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES Adjective Comparative Superlative good better the best bad worse the worst far farther/further the farthest/furthest
  • 8. USE OF COMPARATIVES
    • Comparatives are very commonly followed by than and a pronoun or noun group, e.g.:
    • John is taller than me
    • I think that she’s more intelligent than her sister.
  • 9. THE OPPOSITES OF COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVES
    • We use the forms less (the opposite of more ), and the least (the opposite of the most ).
      • This sofa is less comfortable.
      • I’ve always been less patient than my sister.
      • It’s the least expensive way to travel.
      • She was the least intelligent of the three sisters.
  • 10.
    • To say that something has as much of a quality as something else, we use
    • as+ adjective + as
    • Travelling by plane is as expensive as taking the AVE.

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