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Flexibility and cooperation in distance education

Flexibility and cooperation in distance education



Presentation at the 2008 conference of the European Association for Distance Learning of "Developments to support flexibility and cooperation in online distance education"

Presentation at the 2008 conference of the European Association for Distance Learning of "Developments to support flexibility and cooperation in online distance education"



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Flexibility and cooperation in distance education Flexibility and cooperation in distance education Presentation Transcript

  • Developments to support needs of freedom, flexibility and cooperation in online distance education Now what? EADL Conference Marbella, May 21 st -23 rd , 2008 Svein Qvist-Eriksen, Managing Director Torstein Rekkedal, Professor, Director R & D NKI Distance Education Norway
  • Some new developments
    • SESAM 6 New technological platform supporting individual flexible learning and cooperative learning
    • Planning system and learning partner system
    • Cooperative documents
    • Universal accessibility – talking web pages
    • Mobile learning - Refining the environment to meet the needs to the ‘mobile learner’
  • The Context – NKI Distance education
    • NKI Internet College – online distance education:
      • Online distance education since 1987 (100,000 enrolments)
      • One of Europe’s largest providers of online distance education
      • Wide variety of courses from secondary to master level
      • Over 450 courses online
      • 9000 online students in over 35 countries
      • Free starting time and individual progression schedules
  • 5 phases of development 1987-2008
    • The Development of NKI Internet College – 5 ’Generations’
      • 1987 - 1994:
        • 1. Generation – based on the ’EKKO’ conferencing system
      • 1994 - 1995:
        • 2. Generation – ’The Open Electronic College’: Philosophy: Constructing a system as ’open’ as possible in relation to external networks and services, based on the Internet, e-mail and Listserv conferencing system
      • 1996 - 2000:
        • 3. Generation – ’from small scale to large scale’ and permanent operation based on the WWW
      • 2001 - 2007:
        • 4. Generation – Introduction of a fully integrated system for development and administration of teaching/learning, logistics, invoices and salaries to handle ten thousands of students in flexible learning on hundreds of courses, programmes and tutors
      • 2007 -
        • 5. Generation – New technological platform that opens for new services and continuous exchange of data between the LMS and Student Administrative System (STAS)
  • Systems Integration for Optimal Student Support Solutions
  • NKI basic philosophies concerning distance learning
    • Student autonomy and flexibility
      • “ NKI Distance Education aims to offer distance education solutions that make the students attain their learning objectives through optimum individual flexibility where the students shall represent resources for each other without being dependent on each other.”
    • Social software
      • Student presentations
      • Student lists with information
      • Software solutions for inviting and accepting partners and establish connections
  • Learning in cooperative freedom
    • Learning can be individual, cooperative or collaborative
    Individual learning provides maximum flexibility and minimum social support Cooperative learning provides much flexibility and access to a learning community Collaborative learning provides minimum flexibility and requires involvement and participation in the learning community
  • Measures to stimulate cooperative learning
    • In the LMS:
      • The Planning system
      • The Student Presentation and Information system (CLIP)
      • The Learning Partner solutions
      • The Forum solutions
      • The Cooperative Documents solutions – work on common documents
    • In the courses:
      • Forums integrated with the learning materials
      • Cognitive gating assignments (COGs)
      • Cooperative assignments
  • Universal Accessibility
      • A main aim generally and also for mobile learning solutions
      • Functionalities of LMS, learning materials interactive assignments and course pages have been examined and tested concerning universal accessibility
      • Talking web pages
  • Presentations and Learning Partner Statistics April 2008:
  • Mobile learning in online distance education
    • 4 EU-projects from 2001-2008 – main aim to increase services and add flexibility to online learning
    • From e-learning to m-learning (2000-2003)
    • Mobile learning – the next generation of learning (2003-2005)
    • Incorporating mobile learning into mainstream education (2005-2007)
    • The role of mobile learning in European education (2006-2008)
  • Mobile learning and statistics The CEO of Ericsson, Carl-Heinric Sandberg, announced a short time ago that the number of mobile subscriptions in the world had reached 3.300.000.000. This is for a world population of about 6.5 billion. This means there is a wireless device for every 2 persons in the world, including all ages, the poorest and also developing countries.
  • Mobile learning and distance education Technology: There is an old truth in distance education research which states that ‘it is not technologies with inherent pedagogical qualities that triumph in distance education but technologies which are generally available to citizens’. If this is true there has never been a technology as available to citizens as mobile telephony. The figure is now 3.3 billion and rising rapidly. Distance education cannot disregard mobile technologies.
  • Mobile learning in online distance education
    • Main aims:
    • Increase flexibility of distance education
    • Extend distribution and communication to handheld devices
    • Refining the learning environment to meet the needs of the ‘mobile learner’
    • Increase the level of universal accessibility
  • Mobile learning in online distance education
    • 1 st project:
    • Developing special version of courses for mobile access
    • 2 nd project:
    • Always online environment, developing the mLMS
    • 3 rd project:
    • SMS services
    • 4 th project:
    • Universal accessibility and speech synthesis
  • Results from the student survey
    • Technology and access
  • Results from the student survey
    • Views on SMS Services
  • Results from the student survey
    • Using the mobile phone in online study
  • Thank you!
    • NKI Internet College: http://nettskolen.nki.no/
    • Torstein Rekkedal home page: http://home.nettskolen.nki.no/~torstein/