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some references to use adjectives with chilean footballers

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  1. 1. Unit 68: Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns. We separate them with a comma: A handsome, young, French student. When there is more than one adjective we place them in this order: Value – size – age – shape – colour – nationality – material – noun
  2. 2. <ul><li>Value: wondeful, valuable </li></ul><ul><li>Size: large, small, tall </li></ul><ul><li>Age: new, young, antique </li></ul><ul><li>Shape: square, round </li></ul><ul><li>Colour: yellow, blue </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality: French, Chilean </li></ul><ul><li>Material: brick, plastic </li></ul><ul><li>Noun: house, student </li></ul>
  3. 3. Unit 73: Adverbs of frequency <ul><li>Some adverbs answer the question: how often / how frequently? </li></ul><ul><li>100%: always </li></ul><ul><li>90%: usually </li></ul><ul><li>80%: normally/ generally </li></ul><ul><li>70%: often / frequently </li></ul><ul><li>30%:sometimes / occasionally </li></ul><ul><li>10%: seldom / rarely </li></ul><ul><li>5%: hardly ever </li></ul><ul><li>0%: never </li></ul>
  4. 4. Position of adverbs: <ul><li>After the verb be: she’s usually at home </li></ul><ul><li>Before the main verb: He often travels by bus </li></ul><ul><li>Between the auxiliary verb (has have, will, must, can, may, etc.) and the main verb: </li></ul><ul><li>he must often work late. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Use of adverbs: <ul><li>We use never and hardly ever with a positive verb not with a negative verb: </li></ul><ul><li>I have never met Alexis Sánchez </li></ul><ul><li>We use ever in questions and in negative sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever been with Matías González? </li></ul><ul><li>We can use every day, every week, once a month to answer the question ‘how often?’ They go at the end of the sentence: I visit Gary twice a year. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>We can also place: sometimes, occasionally, normally, usually, often, frequently, everyday, once a month at the beggining of the sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes, I dream of being a footballer… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Unit 74: Comparative of adjectives <ul><li>How to form comparatives? </li></ul><ul><li>adjectives of one syllable, add er: old – older </li></ul><ul><li>But if the adjective ends in –e we add only –r : late – later </li></ul><ul><li>If the adjective ends in a vowel sandwich(cons/vow/cons) we double the final consonant: big - bigger </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>With adjectives of two or more syllables, we use more before the adjective: more beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>But some adjectives are irregular: </li></ul><ul><li>good – better </li></ul><ul><li>bad – worse </li></ul><ul><li>far – further / farther </li></ul><ul><li>many/much – more </li></ul><ul><li>little – less </li></ul><ul><li>We often use elder for brothers and sisters: Margaret is my elder sister </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>We use a comparative adjective + than + the second item to compare two people, animals or groups or things: </li></ul><ul><li>The shops are more expensive in London than in Talca </li></ul><ul><li>If we use a personal pronoun after than, we use the object pronoun: Mark is quicker than me. </li></ul><ul><li>Less is the opposite of more. We use it with an adjective to compate two people, animals, things or groups: The English are less friendly than the Chileans </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>We often use comparative adjectives with possessive pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs: His house is larger than mine </li></ul><ul><li>We can use a bit/a little/slightly/a lot/far/much + a comparative adjective to say how much bigger/better/more beautiful etc. Someone or something is: </li></ul><ul><li>car A costs $3m. Car B costs $3.2m </li></ul><ul><li>This car is slightly more expensive than that one </li></ul>
  11. 11. Unit 80: adjectives with –ed and –ing <ul><li>We use them to describe the emotion of a person: I was very interested in the match </li></ul><ul><li>Common –ed and –ing adjectives: </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>How did you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>Amused </li></ul><ul><li>Bored </li></ul><ul><li>Disappointed </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassed </li></ul><ul><li>Fascinated </li></ul><ul><li>Interested </li></ul><ul><li>Surprised </li></ul><ul><li>Thrilled </li></ul><ul><li>annoyed </li></ul><ul><li>What was it like? </li></ul><ul><li>Amusing </li></ul><ul><li>Boring </li></ul><ul><li>Disappointing </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassing </li></ul><ul><li>Fascinating </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Surprising </li></ul><ul><li>Thrilling </li></ul><ul><li>annoying </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Confused </li></ul><ul><li>Disgusted </li></ul><ul><li>Excited </li></ul><ul><li>Frightened </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>Terrified </li></ul><ul><li>tired </li></ul><ul><li>Confusing </li></ul><ul><li>Disgusting </li></ul><ul><li>Exciting </li></ul><ul><li>Frightening </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxing </li></ul><ul><li>Terrifying </li></ul><ul><li>tiring </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>We usually use be or feel with –ed adjectives. We often use get with bored/tired: </li></ul><ul><li>I was fascinated with the game </li></ul><ul><li>I got bored at the match </li></ul>
  15. 15. Let’s practice! <ul><li> </li></ul>