Accessibility is simply how people get to the UK and how easily they can access different destinations. As like many other places over the years, the United Kingdom has developed in many ways in order to make it suitable for a mass market and also to gain more profit from attracting the mass market. One ofthe main features that will have developed drastically is accessibility into and round the UK for tourists to use in order to gain access to the UK.
There are many form of gaining access into the UK,just like with most other destinations. You can access theUnited Kingdom via rail, air, sea, road and personaltransportation like cars. However, despite this, there is aclear difference between the popularity of certain types ofaccess into the UK. The most popular of them all for visitorsis air travel. This means travelling via plane.This is shown below in the visits to the UK in 2010;Travelling by sea = 1.7 millionTravelling by air = 2.1 millionOverall, the difference was 468,600,0. This is a dramaticdifference that clearly shows the popularity of air travel Details from Office Of National Statistics 2012, Travel Trends, Section 4
Around the UK there are many regional and international airports that areavailable to both domestic visitors (using regional airports) and inboundvisitors (that may use both types of airports) http://www.holidayinyork.com/planning-your- trip-to-york/getting-to-york/plane-to-york/ http://www.ukairportinformation.com/ Regional airports; an airport that serves air traffic in a small/lightly populated area and also usually doesn’t has customs and immigration facilities that would be used to process traffic between countries. Some examples of regional airports are Bristol Filton and Shoreham. International airports; an airport that has the facilities to accommodate international flights as well as regional flights. Some examples are London Heathrow, Major International Airports Edinburgh and Gatwick airport. Minor Regional Airports
For October 2011, the UK has found a 2.6% increase in the amount of visitors using UK airports. Heathrow and Gatwick combined have managed to increase their market share of UK traffic from 45.9% to 46.9% during the last year, while the UK’s biggest regional airport at Manchester has also grown its share of the UK market from 8.3% to 8.6%.http://www.anna.aero/2012/01/11/uk-airports-anticipate-over-130-new-routes-in-2012-as-olympic-fever-grips-the-nation/These figures suggest that when times are tough, bigger airports tend to perform betterthan smaller ones like London Heathrow. However, Manchester has also re-claimed itslong-held third position among UK airports as London Stansted continues to see modestdeclines in demand from both inbound and domestic users.
Because both inbound and domestic visitors both use airports as a main for of transport, many airlines like Ryanair, Atlasjet and Virgin Atlantic have had to increase the amount of flights that are available for the users because the demand is higher. This means that there business is expanding at a dramatic rate in order tohttp://www.anna.aero/2012/01/11/uk-airports-anticipate-over-130-new-routes-in-2012-as-olympic-fever-grips-the-nation/ meet the users needs.As you can see from the table above, the main airlines that have added new services in2012 was British Airways (3) with flights to Algiers and Nice. and Monarch (17) toAntalya, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Milan and Venice . These will help theairline expand because they will offer a larger range of flights that may be suitable forthe users needs and may also help the airlines to gain a reputation with the customers.
As we have previously mentioned, air travel has made huge expansions in the recent years. The table on the left shows the dramatic change in the air services provided because of the demand by the customers. It shows which UK airports have added at least 5 new services and also shows that there was demand from customers.http://www.anna.aero/2012/01/11/uk-airports-anticipate-over-130-new-routes-in-2012-as-olympic-fever-grips-the-nation The demand for new air transportation services may be because the UK as a tourist destination is attracting more domestic and inbound visitors because of the economic factors. They would also add new services to appeal to a mass market because these services may be more suitable for a variety of customers, therefore making more profit and appealing to a mass market and also because of popular events like the Queen’s golden jubilee and the 2012 Olympics.
Source: http://assets.dft.gov.uk/statitics/releases/sea- passenger-statistics-2011/sea-pass-2011.pdf In 2011 , 2.1 million passengers travelled to and from the UK, this is 3% lower than the 2010 figure (21.9 million) and 24% lower than 2001. The UK’s largest ferry port is Dover; it handled 12.8 million journeys in 2011 (3% lower than 2010 and 19% lower than 2001). The next busiest ports were Portsmouth (2.1There were 19.0 million passenger million passengers) and Holyhead (2.0journeys through the channel tunnel in million passengers), where there were2011. decreases of 7 and 3% respectively in 2010.In 2011, there were 3.0 million domestic Overall it would seem that the number ofpassenger journeys on the three major people travelling by sea or tunnel hasroutes (between mainland Britain and generally decreased in recent years, this mayNorthern Ireland, the Isle of Man, and be a result of air travel becoming morethe Channel Islands), a 2% decrease accessible and therefore popular.compared with 2010.
Key: Thames & Kent South coast West coast East coast The busiest domestic routes are between Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Passenger numbers on these routes fell by 4% to 2.1 million in 2011Passenger numbers between Great Britain compared with 2010.and the Isle of Man increased by 0.4% to0.54 million between 2010 and 2011. Passenger numbers on thePassenger numbers on the routes sea crossing to Orkneybetween Great Britain and the Channel and Shetland rose by 2%Islands increased by 5% to 0.37 million in to 0.40 million passengers2011, compared with 2010. between 2009 and 2010.
In 2010 there were 0.28 million passengers on other seacrossings ( Northern Ireland to Isle of Man,miscellaneous day cruises).On inter-island routes and river ferries there were 19.4million and 19.6 million passengers respectively in 2010 .It is possible to suggest that the number of domesticpassengers has increased because companies organisingthe voyages are feeling the increasing need to offer betterdeals, especially to domestic tourists who are seeing theadvantages of cheap airline flights – especially as thenumber of regional airports also increases.
Due to the close proximity of the UK with the rest of Europe it is easy forEuropean residents to gain access to the UK.The channel Tunnel is a 50.5 kilometer rail tunnel that runs under theBritish Channel ; travelling by the Euro star takes roughly twentyminutes – proving that this is a highly effective method of travellingbetween the UK and France. If the Euro star were to be filled to itsfullest capacity, there would be 766 passengers, showing that a largenumber of people now have the opportunity to travel this way with ease.From looking on the Euro star website it seems that there is also theoption to travel in groups at a lower cost. Not only does the Euro starlink the UK and France but the countries surrounding France.Source:http://www.eurostar.com/UK/uk/leisure/travel_information.jsp?rfrr=UK%3AUK%3AexpressBook_body_Travel%20Information