Scream Opening Scene
Extreme Close Up
Extreme close ups are used in film openings to make the audience feel as if they
are getting closer to the character, and also to emphasise things. This is a
screen shot of when one of the characters runs to lock the door, in fear.
Having an extreme close up of her locking the door shows the audience how
scared she really is.
Close ups are used much like extreme close ups, except they are not used as much
for emphasising something in the scene, more used for showing the audience
that it is important. This is a screen shot of the phone ringing in the film, having
a close up of this shows the audience that someone is ringing, but also if they
hadn’t used a close up they wouldn’t have thought the phone ringing was very
important, using a close up shows the audience that the phone ringing is
important to the story, and whoever is ringing is also important.
Medium shots are used in films to show the character and the setting around
them. This is a screen shot of a medium shot used in the film, she is making
popcorn as she talks to the person calling. This makes the audience feel as if
they are closer to the character but also that they can see what she is doing
and the setting around her.
Long shots are used to show a character/important element in the film, and the
setting around it. In this screen shot it shows the setting of the house but also
the character as she stares at the door, which isn’t in the scene. This is used to
show the whole of her body, and to emphasise her fear through her body
language, also to show the setting around her that she is the only one in the
Extreme Long Shot
Extreme long shots are used to establish a scene. This is a screen shot of the
house in which the opening takes place. They are effective because it makes
the audience straight away know where the film is taking place, and
understanding whatever is about to happen.
A tracking shot is used to follow the character or an element in the film. This is
a screen shot of a tracking shot used in the film, as it follows her through
her house. This is effective because it makes the audience feel as if they are
in the movie with the character, as the camera goes wherever she goes.
A panning shot shows the audience everything around the camera as it
moves, for example the screen shot is when the girl in the film looks at her
garden through the window, and it uses a panning shot to show the
audience that she is closely examining every part of her garden, this makes
the audience feel as if they are as well.
A tilt shot is good because it can show an insignificant part of the film, and tilt
to a more significant part. Like in this screen shot for example, it begins by
showing the tree in the front garden which isn’t important to the story, but
then the camera tilts to show the house in which the opening of the film
Zooms are used in films to get closer to an element of a film, in some cases the
character. In this film opening the camera zooms into the girl’s face as she is on
the phone, she at first isn’t afraid of the person she is talking to, but once he says
something, she starts to get scared. The zoom is good because it shows at first
how she isn’t scared, and as it zooms in it emphasises that she is becoming more
and more scared, before it becomes a close up and you can see her emotion
The scenes cuts are good because they are quick and allow a certain scene to
finish without anything unexplained. For example when the girl hangs up
the phone for the second time, it immediately cuts to the outside of the
house to show the audience where the phone scene, and the rest of the
opening is taking place.
The pace of a scene is good because in certain scenes it will be fast and have loud
music, but other scenes are slow and have little music at all and this is effective
because it shows the audience whether it is going to be a scary scene or not. This
is a screen shot of a fast paced scene, she is running through the house as there
is loud and tense music playing. This shows the audience that it is going to be a
Performance is everything about the character, how they
act, move, speak and their emotions. In this opening the girl’s
emotions begin as being quite relaxed, and she acts relaxed as well.
She speaks with a calm voice on the phone the first time. She then
becomes more alert as she is spoken to more, her mannerisms
become quite stressed. Then she becomes upset and scared, as she
speaks on the phone for longer. The performance that the
actor/actress gives can tell the audience a lot about the
character, and through the actress's emotions and mannerisms the
audience are able to tell that her character is a normal teenage
girl, because her performance shows her as this.
Diegetic sound is sound that the characters can hear along with the
audience. It is used in this opening clip a lot, mainly the sound of
the phone ringing. When the phone rings constantly, the audience
knows that this is going to be the same person each time. And at the
beginning of the clip, the phone ringing becomes the theme of the
film, and the audience establish it as that. Other sounds include
sound of the popcorn as the girl makes it, the sound of the doorbell
ringing. Diegetic sound is effective because it makes the film seem
Non diegetic sound is the sound that the characters cannot hear, but the
audience can. This is mainly the music, but can include other things as
well, such as commentary or a narrator. The non diegetic sound involved in
this opening is just music. There is little music at the beginning as the girl
answers the phone the first few times, but as the opening goes on the music
becomes tense as she continues to answer the phone. Then finally the music
becomes loud and scary. It is effective because mood music can really make
the audience feel different emotions, in this opening it is scary music.
Mise En Scene
Mise en scene is everything that is seen in the shot. Including
characters, lighting, props, location, costume, setting etc. I have chosen this
screen shot from the opening as it includes most of those things. It includes the
costume that the girl is wearing, lighting and the location, props around the
room such as the sofa and the television, and the phone. Mise en scene usually
includes all of those things because it is effective to the audience, it makes the
scene seem more real.
This analysis will contribute to our own production because it shows
the majority of the things that a film opening needs to include. I
have written about all of the shots that should be used, as it is good
to have different shots used, and I have written about things that
need to be in the shot such as diegetic and non diegetic sounds, and
mise en scene, having written about them I now have an
understanding of the things that could be included in a film opening.
We are trying to make our own productions look as good and as real
as possible, so evaluating another film opening is good because it
explains really all of the different things that a film opening
needs, and we will be able to try and use all of them.
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