Top500 List June 2012
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Top500 List June 2012

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  • Annual versus Moore’s Law1.85 versus 1.59
  • Fujitsu, Dell, and Dawning have 2 each
  • Some very high efficiency systems use TurboBoost – wrong peak!
  • #123 is ASCI Purple = older technology = less power efficient
  • K computer: "K" here draws upon the Japanese word "Kei" for 1016(ten quadrillions), representing the system's performance goal of 10 petaflops. In its original sense, "Kei" expresses a large gateway in Japanese, and it is hoped that the system will be a new gateway to computational science.

Transcript

  • 1. Highlights of the 39th TOP500 List ISC’12, Hamburg, Germany
  • 2. 38th List: The TOP10 – Nov 11 Rmax PowerRank Site Manufacturer Computer Country Cores [Pflops] [MW] RIKEN Advanced K Computer 1 Institute for Fujitsu SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Japan 795,024 10.51 12.66 Computational Science Tofu Interconnect National Tianhe-1A 2 SuperComputer Center NUDT NUDT TH MPP, China 186,368 2.566 4.04 in Tianjin Xeon 6C, NVidia, FT-1000 8C Oak Ridge National Jaguar 3 Cray USA 224,162 1.759 6.95 Laboratory Cray XT5, HC 2.6 GHz National Nebulae 4 Supercomputing Centre Dawning TC3600 Blade, Intel X5650, China 120,640 1.271 2.58 in Shenzhen NVidia Tesla C2050 GPU TSUBAME-2 GSIC, Tokyo Institute of 5 NEC/HP HP ProLiant, Xeon 6C, NVidia, Japan 73,278 1.192 1.40 Technology Linux/Windows Cielo 6 DOE/NNSA/LANL/SNL Cray USA 142,272 1.110 3.98 Cray XE6, 8C 2.4 GHz NASA/Ames Research Pleiades 7 SGI USA 111,104 1.088 4.10 Center/NAS SGI Altix ICE 8200EX/8400EX DOE/SC/ Hopper 8 Cray USA 153,408 1.054 2.91 LBNL/NERSC Cray XE6, 6C 2.1 GHz Commissariat a Tera 100 9 lEnergie Atomique Bull Bull bullx super-node France 138.368 1.050 4.59 (CEA) S6010/S6030 Roadrunner10 DOE/NNSA/LANL IBM USA 122,400 1.042 2.34 BladeCenter QS22/LS21
  • 3. Rmax Power#1 Site Lawrence Livermore 39th List: The TOP10 Manufacturer IBM Computer Sequoia BlueGene/Q, Country USA Cores [Pflops] [MW] 1,572,864 16.3 7.89 National Laboratory Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom K Computer RIKEN Advanced Institute2 Fujitsu SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Japan 795,024 10.5 12.66 for Computational Science Tofu Interconnect Mira Argonne National3 IBM BlueGene/Q, USA 786,432 8.16 3.95 Laboratory Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom SuperMUC4 Leibniz Rechenzentrum IBM iDataPlex DX360M4, Germany 147,456 2.90 3.52 Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Infiniband FDR Tianhe-1A National SuperComputer5 NUDT NUDT TH MPP, China 186,368 2.57 4.04 Center in Tianjin Xeon 6C, NVidia, FT-1000 8C Jaguar Oak Ridge National6 Cray Cray XK6, Opteron 16C 2.2GHz, USA 298,592 1.94 5.14 Laboratory Gemini, NVIDIA 2090 Fermi7 CINECA IBM BlueGene/Q, Italy 163,840 1.73 0.82 Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom JuQUEEN Forschungszentrum8 IBM BlueGene/Q, Germany 131,072 1.38 0.66 Juelich (FZJ) Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom Commissariat a lEnergie Curie thin nodes9 Atomique Bull Bullx B510, France 77,184 1.36 2.25 CEA/TGCC-GENCI Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Infiniband QDR Nebulae National Supercomputing10 Dawning TC3600 Blade, China 120,640 1.27 2.58 Centre in Shenzhen Intel X5650, NVidia Tesla C2050 GPU
  • 4. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 35019931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006 Replacement Rate20072008200920102011 1702012
  • 5. Annual Performance Increase of the TOP5002.62.42.2 21.81.61.41.2 1 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012
  • 6. Performance Development 100 Pflop/s 1E+09 123 PFlop/s10000000 10 Pflop/s 16.3 PFlop/s10000000 1 Pflop/s 1000000 100 Tflop/s SUM 61 TFlop/s 100000 10 Tflop/s 10000 N=1 1 Tflop/s 1000 1.17 TFlop/s 100 100 Gflop/s 59.7 GFlop/s 10 10 Gflop/s N=500 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 400 MFlop/s 100 Mflop/s 2012 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
  • 7. Projected Performance Development 1E+11 1E+10 11E+09 Eflop/s 100 Pflop/s10000000 10 Pflop/s10000000 SUM 1 Pflop/s 1000000 100000 100 Tflop/s 10000 10 Tflop/s N=1 1000 1 Tflop/s 100 100 Gflop/s N=500 10 10 Gflop/s 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 100 Mflop/s 2020 1996 2002 2008 2014
  • 8. Performance of Countries 100,000 US 10,000Total Performance [Tflop/s] EU Japan 1,000 China 100 10 1 0 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012
  • 9. Countries / System Share United StatesCanada others China 2% Italy 12% Japan 2% United States United Kingdom Germany 50% France 4% France Germany 4% Canada Japan ItalyUnited Kingdom 7% China others 5% 14%
  • 10. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 14019931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009 Asian Countries201020112012 India China Japan Others Korea, South
  • 11. European Countries 200 180 Others 160 Poland 140 Russia 120 SpainSystems 100 Sweden 80 Switzerland 60 Netherlands Italy 40 France 20 United Kingdom 0 Germany 2001 2012 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  • 12. Vendors / System Share Fujitsu Others IBM 7 46 Oracle 9% HP 1% 7 Cray Inc. Dell 1% IBMBull 213 Appro 12 16 43% 3% SGI3% SGI Bull 16 Dell 3% OracleAppro 19 Cray Inc. HP Fujitsu 4% 137 Others 27 6% 27%
  • 13. Vendors (TOP50) / System Share IBM Cray Inc Bull SA Others 14 IBM Appro 28% 22 Others 44% Appro 3 Cray Inc 6% 7 Bull SA 14% 4 8%
  • 14. Processors / Systems Xeon 5600-series (Westmere-EP) 2% 1% 1% 2% Xeon 5500-series (Nehalem-EP) 5% 3% Intel Xeon E53% Opteron 6100 "Magny-Cours" Power BQC 4% Xeon 5400-series "Harpertown"4% 49% POWER76% Opteron 6200 Series "Interlagos" Opteron Quad Core 9% POWER6 PowerPC 450 11% PowerPC 440 others
  • 15. Processors / Performance Power BQC 2% 1% 1% 1% Xeon 5600 (Westmere-EP) 3% 4% Intel Xeon E53% SPARC64 VIIIfx 28% Opteron 6100 "Magny-Cours" 4% Xeon 5500-series (Nehalem-EP)5% Opteron 6200 "Interlagos" POWER76% Xeon 5400-series "Harpertown" PowerPC 450 9% Opteron Quad Core 22% SPARC64 IXfx 11% Xeon 5500-series (Nehalem-EX) Others
  • 16. Cores per Socket 500 450 400 16 350 12 300 10Systems 250 9 200 8 150 6 4 100 2 50 1 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 17. Cores per Socket 1 core 76 2 3 2 cores 4 cores235 23 6 cores 64 8 cores 9 cores 36 10 cores 1 12 cores 16 16 cores 108
  • 18. Accelerators/ Co-Processors 60 50 Intel MIC 40 Clearspeed CSX600Systems 30 ATI GPU IBM PowerXCell 8i 20 NVIDIA 2070 NVIDIA 2050 10 NVIDIA 2090 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 19. Performance of Accelerators/Co- Processors 18,000 16,000 Intel MICTotal Performance [Tflop/s] 14,000 Clearspeed CSX600 12,000 ATI GPU IBM PowerXCell 8i 10,000 NVIDIA 20702 8,000 NVIDIA 2090 6,000 NVIDIA 2050 4,000 2,000 0 2009 2006 2007 2008 2010 2011 2012
  • 20. Linpack Efficiency 120% 100%Linpack Efficiency 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 0 100 200 300 400 500
  • 21. Absolute Power Levels 13 12 11 10Power [MWatts] 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 TOP500 Rank
  • 22. Power Consumption 5 TOP10 4Power [MW] 3 TOP50 2 1 TOP500 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 23. Power Consumption 10 9 TOP10 8 7Power [MW] 6 5 4 TOP50 3 2 1 TOP500 0
  • 24. Power Efficiency 1200Linpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 1000 800 TOP10 600 TOP50 400 200 TOP500 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 25. Power Efficiency 2,500 BlueGene/Q Max-EfficiencyLinpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 2,000 1,500 Cell 1,000 TOP10 500 TOP50 0 TOP500 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • 26. Most Power Efficient Architectures Rmax/ Computer PowerBlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 2,214Bullx B505, Xeon E5649 6C 2.53GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,266Intel Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel MIC 1,177Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,050SuperServer 2026GT-TRF, Xeon E5645 6C 2.40GHz, Infiniband QDR, 954NVIDIA 2050iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 933Mole-8.5 Cluster, Xeon X5520 4C 2.27 GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 9192050HP ProLiant SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5660 2.8Ghz, nVidia Fermi, 902Infiniband QDRPRIMEHPC FX10, SPARC64 IXfx 16C 1.848GHz, Tofu interconnect 886 [Mflops/Watt]