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Special Education Technology Strand: Strategies for Enhancing Academic Performance: Technology Toolkits CEC Convention 2009. Constructing an Assistive Technology Toolkit for Young Children by Sharon ...

Special Education Technology Strand: Strategies for Enhancing Academic Performance: Technology Toolkits CEC Convention 2009. Constructing an Assistive Technology Toolkit for Young Children by Sharon Judge



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    JudgetoolkitCEC JudgetoolkitCEC Presentation Transcript

    • Constructing an Assistive Technology Toolkit for Young Children Sharon Judge Old Dominion University
    • Challenges to Using AT
      • Lack of AT training at the preservice level
      • Professionals have inadequate knowledge and skills
      • Accessing equipment and related services in timely manner
      • Cost of AT
      • Training of professionals in AT
    • AT Toolkit Approach
      • Proactive strategy that equips each classroom with technology tools
      • Rather than following an individual child, AT tools are available as needed to support many children
      • Equipping classrooms with an assortment of tools affords seamless approach to technology integration
    • What should be included in an AT Toolkit for Young Children?
    • Suggested AT Toolkit Items
      • Respondents rated on 5-point Likert scale (1 = never; 5 = always) the usefulness of 16 AT tools for communication, 11 AT tools for movement, and 22 AT tools for learning.
      • Range of both low- and high-technology devices were included.
    • Top 10 Devices Rated as “Always Useful” Device Percent Visual Schedule, Calendar, Lists 81.3 Picture Communication Symbols 75.0 Boardmaker Software 53.1 Touch Screen for Computer 50.0 Picture Symbol Display Book/Boards 41.4 Boards with Objects, Pictures, Symbols 41.4 Adaptive Seating 40.7 Positioning Devices 35.7 Picture This Software 34.6 Adaptive Keyboards 33.3
    • Movement and Sensory Tools
      • Positioning Devices (sitting, standing, etc.)
      • Adaptive Equipment
      • Weighted Products
    • Positioning Aids
      • Bean bag
      • Bolsters
      • Wedges
      • Mobile Standers
      • Prone Stander
      • Sidelyers
    • Adaptive Equipment
      • Adaptive seating
      • Adaptive tables and chairs
    • Weighted Products
      • Weighted vests
      • In Your Pocket
      • Weighted Belts
      • Miracle belt
    • Communication Tools
      • Exploring the learning environment is more than just a physical act
      • Practitioners echo the importance of communication
      • Need to be both practical and functional
    • Infusing Technology
      • Proactive planning
      • Choice making
      • Picture communication
        • Schedules
        • Calendars
        • Visual supports
    • Visual Communication
      • Visual Representation provides supports for
        • Auditory memory needs
        • Auditory processing speeds
        • Active engagement
        • Problem solving
    • Learning Tools
      • Essential for developmental growth
      • Allows for participation in learning, not just social, activities
      • Can be both commercial or adjusted for use with minor adaptations
    • Literacy
      • Talking books
        • Highlighted text
        • Interactive
        • Animation
      • Allows for engagement and interactivity
      • Increased repetition with story reading
      • Demonstrates fluency
    • Switch Activated Toys
      • Most battery operated toys can be modified
      • Adapted to be used with a variety of switches based on the child’s ability
      • Fosters independence
      • Begin with highly reactive toys
    • Access to Computers
      • Highly motivating
      • Motor and cognitive abilities must be considered
      • Touch screens
      • Adaptive keyboards
    • Various Switches
      • Light touch activation
      • Textured surfaces
      • Wireless
      • Kid friendly
      • Pressure sensitive
      • Auditory feedback
      • Plate switch
      • Saucer switch
    • Evidence of Effectiveness
      • Provides children immediate access to meaningful activities
      • Effective way to get AT into the hands of professionals
      • Identify essential tools that would be accessible for use with the instructional tasks
      • Facilitates physical and social inclusion
    • References
      • Campbell, P. H., Milbourne, S., Dugan, L. M., & Wilcox, M. J. (2006). A review of evidence on practices for teaching young children to use assistive technology devices. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 26 (1), 3-13.
      • Dugan, L. M., Campbell, P. H., & Wilcox, M. J. (2006). Making decisions about assistive technology with infants and toddlers. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 26 (1), 25-32.
      • Judge, S. (2006). Constructing an assistive technology toolkit for young children: Views from the field. Journal of Special Education Technology, 21 (4), 17-24.
      • Judge, S., Floyd, K., & Jeffs, T. (2008). Using an assistive technology toolkit to promote inclusion. Early Childhood Education Journal, 36, 121-126.
    • Favorite Links
      • Eyebox Tools (2009). Available on line http://www.fraser.org/products/Eye_Box.html
      • Mistrett, S.G. & Goetz, A. (2000). Playing with Switches. Available online http://letsplay.buffalo.edu/products/index.htm
      • Onion Mountain Technology. (2009). LOTTIE kit for little kids . Retrieved March 26, 2009 , from http://www.onionmountaintech.com/category.php?cat=12 .
      • The Center for Best Practices in Early Childhood (2009). Available online http://www.wiu.edu/thecenter/onlineworkshops.php
      • Tots ‘n Tech (2009). Available online http://www.asu.edu/clas/tnt /