Isn’t enough to see
that a garden is
having to believe
that there are
fairies at the
bottom of it?
I think that a case can made that faith is
one of the world’s great evils, comparable
to the smallpox virus but harder to
eradicate. Faith, being belief that isn’t based
on evidence, is the principal vice of any
Suppose you suddenly hear a load bang,
and you ask ‘What made that bang?’ and I
reply, ‘Nothing, it just happened,’ you
wouldn’t accept that. In fact, you would
ﬁnd my reply quite unintelligible.
Video from God: New Evidence – www.focus.org.uk 47
If the rate of expansion of the universe
one second after the Big bang was smaller
by 1 part in 100,000,000,000,000,000, it
would have re-collapsed into a hot
Probability of the Big Bang’s low entropy
condition arising by chance: 1 in 10 to the
power of 10 123
Odds against the initial conditions being
suitable for star formation: 1 followed by a
thousand billion billion zeroes at least
Video from God: New Evidence – www.focus.org.uk 51
[It looks as if] a super-intellect has
monkeyed with physics as well as with
chemistry and biology.
The evolution of complex life, indeed its
very existence in a universe obeying
physical laws, is wonderfully surprising – or
would be but for the fact that surprise is
an emotion that can exist only in a brain
which is the product of that very
surprising process. . . .
There is an anthropic sense, then, in which
our existence should not be surprising. I'd
like to think that I speak for my fellow
humans in insisting, nevertheless, that it is
The God Delusion, p. 366
In ways can this ﬁne-tuning evidence be
How could you use this to help people
consider the existence of God?
1. If God does not exist, objective moral
values and duties do not exist.
2. Objective moral values and duties do exist.
3. Therefore God exists.
The position of the modern evolutionist . . .
is that humans have an awareness of
morality . . . because such an awareness is of
biological worth. Morality is a biological
adaptation no less than are hands and feet
and teeth . . .
Considered as a rationally justiﬁable set of
claims about an objective something, ethics
is illusory. I appreciate that when
somebody says 'Love they neighbor as
thyself,' they think they are referring above
and beyond themselves . . .
Nevertheless, . . . such reference is truly
without foundation. Morality is just an aid
to survival and reproduction, . . . and any
deeper meaning is illusory.
Why is the existence of God necessary for
Some activities are objectively morally
wrong and we ought not to do them.