V. Restoration
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This lecture focuses on the promises of restoration - new king, new temple, new heart, new covenant, etc. - in the latter part of Ezekiel. This is the fifth of five lectures given on the Bible and ...

This lecture focuses on the promises of restoration - new king, new temple, new heart, new covenant, etc. - in the latter part of Ezekiel. This is the fifth of five lectures given on the Bible and Culture course at Schloss Mittersill, Austria (a course run jointly by Schloss Mittersill and IFES).

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  • What are the key themes?
  • Deuteronomy 4:25&#x2013;31 <br /> Is Isaiah26:19 a ref to national or individual resurrection?
  • Deuteronomy 4:25&#x2013;31 <br /> Is Isaiah26:19 a ref to national or individual resurrection?
  • Deuteronomy 4:25&#x2013;31 <br /> Is Isaiah26:19 a ref to national or individual resurrection?
  • Why this first after turning point? Because the bad leadership of kings is what has led to this situation. Now God will take over.
  • Ezekiel 34
  • Shepherd imagery used of God: Genesis 48:15; 49:24; Psalm 23:1
  • Merging of God and David <br /> John 10:11
  • Note: these are corporate, not individual <br /> Life or death in promised land: Lev 26:1&#x2013;39; Deut 4:15&#x2013;40; 28 &#x2013; 32 (note 30:11&#x2013;20)
  • Note: these are corporate, not individual <br /> Life or death in promised land: Lev 26:1&#x2013;39; Deut 4:15&#x2013;40; 28 &#x2013; 32 (note 30:11&#x2013;20)
  • Note: these are corporate, not individual <br /> Life or death in promised land: Lev 26:1&#x2013;39; Deut 4:15&#x2013;40; 28 &#x2013; 32 (note 30:11&#x2013;20)
  • Note: these are corporate, not individual <br /> Life or death in promised land: Lev 26:1&#x2013;39; Deut 4:15&#x2013;40; 28 &#x2013; 32 (note 30:11&#x2013;20)
  • Note: these are corporate, not individual <br /> Life or death in promised land: Lev 26:1&#x2013;39; Deut 4:15&#x2013;40; 28 &#x2013; 32 (note 30:11&#x2013;20)
  • Note: these are corporate, not individual <br /> Life or death in promised land: Lev 26:1&#x2013;39; Deut 4:15&#x2013;40; 28 &#x2013; 32 (note 30:11&#x2013;20)
  • Prophecy against Edom, descendants of Esau = typifies Israel&#x2019;s enemies <br /> Isaiah 34
  • covenant blessings <br /> cf. Ezekiel 6
  • God&#x2019;s motive for restoration is not to do with their virtue <br /> Repentance is response (16:53ff; 20:43;36:31; 39:26 &#x2013; all after God rescued/restored <br /> Cf 20:44
  • Ezekiel doesn&#x2019;t talk about God&#x2019;s love for us (except &#x2018;compassion&#x2019; in 39:25)
  • Ezekiel 36
  • Metaphor for forgiveness, and for transformation <br /> Hearts have become like stone, unable to function properly: make right choices and respond to God (cf Jeremiah)
  • Water (v. 25) and Spirit (v. 27) - background to John 3 <br /> God plans to change human nature to re-establish &#x2018;marriage&#x2019; &#x2013; covenant of intimacy, exclusive and permanent commitment (&#x2018;everlasting covenant&#x2019; appears in 16:60 and 37:26)
  • allusions to earlier covenants
  • &#x2018;live in the land&#x2019; Ezekiel 36:28a; 37:25 <br /> Abraham never possessed the land - looked to heavenly one Hebrews 11:9&#x2013;10
  • keep laws Ezekiel 36:27b; 37:24 <br /> law was limited because repeated sacrifices. Hebrews 10:11
  • David as king; one shepherd. Ezekiel 37:24&#x2013;25 <br /> David rotted; Christ overcame death Psalm 16:10&#x2013;11; Acts 2:24&#x2013;33
  • Ezekiel 16:60; 37:26
  • Isaiah 65:17-25; Ezekiel 37
  • Question for exiles was not so much &#x2018;Can these bones live again?&#x2019;, but &#x2018;does God want them to?&#x2019; <br /> Specific language used by Ezekiel suggests expectation of bodily resurrection too (Robertson) <br /> Modern Israel not fulfilment of this prophecy because no resurrection and no affirmation of Jesus as consummation of covenant4
  • New creation!
  • Isaiah 49:6; Isaiah 52:9-10; Isaiah 60:1-3; Ezekiel 37:26-28; Zechariah 8:20-23 <br /> Implication of other nations in Judah/Israel reunification because Israel became &#x2018;Not my people&#x2019;. Paul says this refers to Gentiles too. Romans 9:23&#x2013;25
  • Restoration involves final victory over all opposing powers
  • 2 major kinds of interpretation: secular nations threatening new Jewish state, or idealised enemy opposed to God throughout ages
  • Daniel appalled and exhausted Dan 8:27 <br /> Key to understanding symbol may be lost to us - must not be too dogmatic about what they eman
  • Symbolism is not rational argument, so logical analysis is not the way to unlock them. <br /> We need to imagine the picture the prophet sees
  • Interpret scripture with scripture. How does the book shed light on the symbol? Does something else in Scripture clarify it? But symbols may not mean same thing in 2 contexts (cooking pot in Ezekiel). Historical context

V. Restoration Presentation Transcript

  • 1. RESTORATION 1
  • 2. 4 What are the remedies? 2
  • 3. Death 3
  • 4. i o n t Death su rre c Re 3
  • 5. i o n ct rre e su R 3
  • 6. Restoration
  • 7. Ezekiel 34 5
  • 8. What is Ezekiel’s message in this chapter? Why do you think Ezekiel includes this at this point? ? 6
  • 9. • Exploitation (2–3) • Doing nothing to help the weak, heal the sick or seek the lost (4) • Shepherds who do not shepherd (5-6) 7
  • 10. • Opposed by God • Held accountable • Removed from their position 8
  • 11. A new shepherd 9
  • 12. • ‘I will rescue my flock’ (10) • ‘I myself will search for my sheep’ (11) • ‘I will look after my sheep’ (11,12) • ‘I will bring them . . . gather them’ (13) 10
  • 13. 11
  • 14. ‘I will pasture them . . . tend them . . . make them lie down’ (13–15) 11
  • 15. ‘I will pasture them . . . tend them . . . make them lie down’ (13–15) ‘I will search for the lost and bring back the strays. I will bind up the injured and strengthen the weak . . . ’ (16) 11
  • 16. ‘I will pasture them . . . tend them . . . make them lie down’ (13–15) ‘I will search for the lost and bring back the strays. I will bind up the injured and strengthen the weak . . . ’ (16) I will be with them (30) 11
  • 17. I will save my flock, and they will no longer be plundered. I will judge between one sheep and another. I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend them; he will tend them and be their shepherd. I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David will be prince among them. I the LORD have spoken. Ezekiel 34:22–24 12
  • 18. A new Davidic King 13
  • 19. Covenant blessings 14
  • 20. Covenant blessings • Life 14
  • 21. Covenant blessings • Life • Health 14
  • 22. Covenant blessings • Life • Health • Abundance 14
  • 23. Covenant blessings • Life • Prosperity • Health • Abundance 14
  • 24. Covenant blessings • Life • Prosperity • Health • Security • Abundance 14
  • 25. Covenant blessings • Life • Prosperity • Health • Security • Abundance • Respect 14
  • 26. Ezekiel 35 15
  • 27. vindication of Judah 16
  • 28. Ezekiel 36 17
  • 29. It is not for your sake . . . that I am going to do these things, but for the sake of my holy name, which you have profaned. Ezekiel 36:22 18
  • 30. I will show the holiness of my great name . . . the name you have profaned among the nations. Then all the nations will know that I am the LORD, declares the Sovereign LORD, when I am proved holy through you before their eyes. Ezekiel 36:23 19
  • 31. A new heart 20
  • 32. I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you form all your impurities and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. Ezekiel 36:25–26 21
  • 33. I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.You will be my people, and I will be your God. Ezekiel 36:27–28 22
  • 34. A new covenant 23
  • 35. covenant with Abraham 24
  • 36. covenant with Moses 25
  • 37. covenant with David 26
  • 38. eternal covenant 27
  • 39. A new land (new creation) 28
  • 40. Ezekiel 37 29
  • 41. Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are cut off completely. Ezekiel 37:11 30
  • 42. Reviving the dead • A place of uncleanness, horror, destruction • Bones cannot regenerate themselves • But God is a resurrector 31
  • 43. A new life 32
  • 44. Hope is found only in the will of God 33
  • 45. I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant. . . . My dwelling place will be with them; I will be their God, and they will be my people. Then the nations will know that I the LORD make Israel holy, when my sanctuary is among them for ever. 37:26–28 34
  • 46. ‘The time is coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,’ declares the LORD. . . . 35
  • 47. . . . This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time,’ declares the LORD. ‘I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.’ Jeremiah 31:31-33 36
  • 48. A new unity 37
  • 49. New life for the nations 38
  • 50. A new security 39
  • 51. Ezekiel 38–39 40
  • 52. handling symbolism 41
  • 53. humility 42
  • 54. imagination 43
  • 55. context 44
  • 56. pastoral concern 45
  • 57. main point 46
  • 58. numbers 47
  • 59. Above all else, this complex divine speech expresses Yahweh’s determination once and for all to reveal to the nations his holiness, and to his own people his covenant loyalty. Daniel Block 48
  • 60. Part 1: The defeat of Gog 49
  • 61. Part 2: The disposal of Gog 50
  • 62. Who is Gog? 51
  • 63. descendants of Gyges of Lydia 52
  • 64. hypothetical enemies 53
  • 65. Ezekiel 40–48 54
  • 66. A new temple 55
  • 67. Dates in Ezekiel 1:2 31 July 593 30:20 March 587 8:1 17 September 592 31:1 May 587 20:1 14 August 591 32:1 February 585 24:1 15 January 588 32:17 March 585 26:1 587 33:21 8 January 585 29:1 December 588 40:1 573 29:17 571 56
  • 68. Dates in Ezekiel 1:2 31 July 593 30:20 March 587 8:1 17 September 592 31:1 May 587 20:1 14 August 591 32:1 February 585 24:1 15 January 588 32:17 March 585 26:1 587 33:21 8 January 585 29:1 December 588 40:1 573 29:17 571 56
  • 69. Ezekiel 40–48 40:1 – 42:20 Description of the temple 43:1–12 God’s glory returns 43:13 – 46:24 Restoration of religious life 47:1 – 48:35 A renewed land 57
  • 70. Detailed instructions for a new temple Ezekiel 40–42 58
  • 71. This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Although I have scattered you in the countries of the world, I will be a sanctuary for you during your time in exile. Ezekiel 11:16 59
  • 72. Jesus the perfect temple 60
  • 73. Jesus the river of life 61
  • 74. Jesus the perfect sacrifice 62
  • 75. Jesus the perfect priest 63
  • 76. Jesus the glory of God 64
  • 77. A new land (new creation) 65
  • 78. 5 What is the underlying message about God and humanity? 66
  • 79. transformation not information 67
  • 80. 68
  • 81. Resurrection 68
  • 82. Old Testament Promise
  • 83. Old New Testament Testament Promise Fulfilment
  • 84. A second judgment 70
  • 85. Jerusalem, AD 70 71
  • 86. Judgment today 72
  • 87. Final judgment is still to come 73
  • 88. Ultimate judgment has happened 74
  • 89. Preaching from the prophets can have a great contemporary application if we recognize repentance as the condition for experiencing God’s favor. Walt Kaiser Toward an Exegetical Theology (Baker Books, 1981), p. 195 75
  • 90. New covenant 76
  • 91. New life for the nations 77
  • 92. New creation 78
  • 93. New king 79
  • 94. New heavens and new earth
  • 95. The Bride New heavens and new earth
  • 96. The Bride New heavens and new earth
  • 97. New Covenant Holy Spirit The Bride New heavens and new earth
  • 98. 81
  • 99. Look! God’s dwelling-place is now among people. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away. He was seated on the throne said, ‘I am making everything new!’ Revelation 21:3 82