UK Nuclear New Build Power Stations - Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIP) through the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) Process

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UK Nuclear New Build Power Stations - Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIP) through the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) Process - taking into account National Policy …

UK Nuclear New Build Power Stations - Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIP) through the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) Process - taking into account National Policy Statements (NPS)

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  • 1. UK Nuclear New Build Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIP) and the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) Process Online Presentation: http://interimpublicsectorconsultants.co.uk/NuclearPresentation Tony Hagan BSc MSc CEng MICE 2009
  • 2.
    • Contact e-mail: [email_address]
  • 3. Items Considered
    • Brief Overview of Current Planning System
    • The New IPC Planning Regime for the UK: NPSs, the IPC and NSIPs
    • Statutory Timetables for Delivery of NPSs and New Build NSIPs
    • Statutory and Non-Statutory Organisations involved in New Build NSIPs
    • Activity Mapping Work Programme for New Build NSIPs
    • Roles and Protocols for Successful Delivery of New Build NSIPs
    • Local Planning Authority Essential Work Programme
    • S.W.O.T. Analysis of Copeland Preparedness and Action Plans
    • Existing Spatial Plans / Business Plans / Masterplans for Transport and Utilities Infrastructure for Local Planning and Highway Authorities
    • The Way Forward for Local Authorities
  • 4. 1. Brief Overview of Current Planning System
  • 5. Planning Policy Documents under the New Planning System
  • 6. The Development Plan (RSS) and Development Plan Documents (DPD)
  • 7. Seeking Improvement between the Policy Relationships
  • 8. Thereby Improving the Outcomes
  • 9. Cumbria and Lake District Joint Structure Plan
  • 10. 2. The New IPC Planning Regime: National Policy Statements (NPSs) for Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIPs) to be submitted through the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) process
  • 11. 2. The New IPC Planning Regime for the UK: National Policy Statements (NPSs) for Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIPs) to be submitted through the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) process
    • Everything is geared towards speeding up the authorisation of major infrastructure, mainly in England, some types in Wales and one type in Scotland.
    • The IPC combines eight planning systems into a single process: (Planning Policy Statements; Good Practice Guidance and Advice; Circulars and Statements; Regional Spatial Strategies; Mineral and Waste Local development Frameworks; Local Development Frameworks; Development Plan Documents; and, Supplementary Planning Documents).
    • It will also cut the time taken to make decisions from up to seven years to under a year (saving up to £300 million a year).
    • The new planning system will give communities a greater say in planning decisions for major infrastructure projects. The IPC will insist on seeing evidence that communities have been consulted about proposed projects.
  • 12.  
  • 13. National Policy Statements (NPSs)
    • There are going to be 12 of these, issued by the government in draft starting this autumn, subjected to consultation, and then finalised in turn over the next two or so years. These will set out national policy on a particular area of national infrastructure in a single accessible document, and will state to a greater or lesser degree what infrastructure is needed over the next 15-20 years, sometimes where it should go, sometimes who should build it, and sometimes what it should look like.
    • The 12 NPSs proposed are to have the following titles:
    • Overarching Energy (i.e. energy of all types, to sit above the other energy NPSs);
    • Nuclear Power;
    • Fossil Fuels;
    • Renewable Energy;
    • Electricity Networks;
    • Gas and Oil Infrastructure;
    • Ports;
    • National Networks (i.e. railways, motorways, trunk roads and rail freight interchanges);
    • Airports;
    • Water Supply;
    • Waste Water; and
    • Hazardous Waste
  • 14. Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIPs)
    • Legislative Context:
    • The Planning Act 2008 (Parts 1 to 8) sets out, for each type of project, (16 in total), how big it needs to be for it to become an NSIP and provides for the grant of development consent for development consisting of nationally significant infrastructure projects including:
    • Generating Stations;
    • Overhead Electric Lines;
    • Underground Gas Storage;
    • LNG Facilities;
    • Gas Reception Facilities;
    • Gas pipelines;
    • Other Pipelines;
    • Highways;
    • Airports;
    • Harbours;
    • Railways;
    • Rail Freight Interchanges;
    • Dams/Reservoirs;
    • Water Transfer Facilities;
    • Waste Water Treatment Plants; and,
    • Hazardous Waste Facilities.
  • 15. The Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) and National Policy Statements (NPS)
    • Where Development Consent is required under the Act, there is no need for certain other consents to be obtained – such as planning permission, pipeline authorisation, an order under the Transport and Works Act 1992, consent under the Electricity Act 1989 or listed building consent. The Act also provides for the establishment of the Infrastructure Planning Commission (“IPC”) who will examine and, where a National Policy Statement (NPS) has been designated, determine applications for development consent.
    • Section 5 of the Act provides for the designation by the Secretary of State of NPSs. A NPS may, in particular, set out, in relation to specified descriptions of development, the amount, type or size of development, the criteria in deciding appropriate locations and the weight to be given to specific criteria. Section 74 provides that where a NPS has effect in relation to development of the description to which the application relates, the IPC will examine and determine the application.
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18. 3. Statutory Timetables for Delivery of NPSs and New Build NSIPs
  • 19. National Policy Statements Publication of draft Designation    Members of the public will have their first chance to get involved in the new process when National Policy Statements on infrastructure are published for consultation later this autumn.     Energy: Nuclear Power Stations; Renewables; Electricity Networks; Fossil Fuel (electricity generation); and, Oil and Gas Infrastructure Autumn 2009 (Probably End of October) During 2010 Ports    Autumn 2009 (Probably End of October)   During 2010 National Networks (Road and Rail)   Autumn 2009 (Probably End of October)   During 2010 Waste Water   Spring 2010   During 2011 Water Supply   Late 2010   Early 2012 Hazardous Waste   Summer 2010   During 2011 Aviation    By 2011   During 2011
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24. Indicative Timeline for First New Nuclear Power Stations
  • 25. UK Government Timetable for Nuclear New Build NSIPs
  • 26. The IPC Process Map Summary
  • 27.  
  • 28. 11 Nominated Sites for New Build (Nuclear) Power Stations
    • List of nominations:
    • Bradwell, Essex, NDA
    • Braystones, Cumbria, RWE / n-power
    • Dungeness, Kent EDF Energy
    • Hartlepool, Durham EDF Energy
    • Heysham, Lancashire EDF Energy
    • Hinkley Point, Somerset EDF Energy
    • Kirksanton, Cumbria RWE / n-power
    • Oldbury, Gloucestershire the NDA and E-on
    • Sellafield, Cumbria NDA
    • Sizewell, Suffolk EDF Energy
    • Wylfa, Anglesey RWE / n-power and the NDA
  • 29. Nuclear Build Sites Supported by Promoters / Utilities Nuclear Build Sites With Letters of Deployability From CNPO Energy Utilities (DECC, 15 Apr 2009) EDF Iberdrola RWE E.ON Vattenfall Hinkley X Sizewell X Hartlepool X Dungeness X X Heysham X X Bradwell X X Oldbury X X Wylfa X X Sellafield X X X Braystones X Kirksanton X Totals 6 6 4 1 1
  • 30. Criteria for Nominations
    • Each nomination is based upon set criteria defined in the document :
    • “ Towards A Nuclear National Policy Statement” and the following criteria:
    • C1 Demographics
    • C2 Proximity to Military Activities
    • D1 Flooding, Tsunami and Storm Surge
    • D2 Coastal Processes
    • D3 Proximity to Hazardous Industrial Facilities and Operations
    • D4 Proximity to Civil Aircraft Movements
    • D5 Proximity to Military Activity
    • D6 Internationally Designated Sites of Ecological Importance
    • D7 Nationally Designated Sites of Ecological Importance
    • D8 Areas of Amenity, Cultural Heritage and Landscape Value
    • D9 Size of Site to Accommodate Operation
    • D10 Access to Suitable Sources of Cooling
  • 31. 3 x Nominated New Build sites for Copeland: Adjacent Authorities
  • 32. Sellafield and Braystones Nominated New Build sites
  • 33. Kirksanton Nominated New Build site
  • 34. Design Contenders for New Build in Copeland
    • Areva EPR
    • > ~ 1650 MWe
    • > Pressurised Water Reactor
    • > Under construction in Finland and France
    • Westinghouse-Toshiba AP1000
    • > ~ 1150 MWe
    • > Pressurised Water Reactor
    • > Orders for US and China, has US design approval
  • 35. CumbriaVision.co.uk New Build related Vision for Copeland and Cumbria
    • Bridge Across the Bay – 12 mile road connection incorporating wind & tidal power
    • Nuclear new build with 2 x APR reactors and 400KV grid connection
    • Nuclear Skills Academy focuses on ‘Energy’ market skills
    • Highly developed Energy & Environmental Technology clusters 93% growth in Environmental Technology industries
    • Implement a Sustainable Transport Strategy for Cumbria
    • Low-carbon Lakeland will be recognised as Climate Leader
    • Create environment for wind/hydro turbine manufacturing
  • 36. Personal View of Possible Requirements for Transport and Utility Infrastructure
    • It is impossible, at this stage, in advance of any necessary engineering studies, to give an outline of any necessary mitigation measures / contributions that any promoter will be required to provide to mitigate the impact of their development
    • However, my personal view, on the following slide, gives an indication of the kind of infrastructure I think, may be necessary and appropriate
    • The list is by no means exhaustive and is indicative only
  • 37. Potential NSIPs (New Build related) in Copeland and Cumbria
    • 3 Nuclear Power Stations (Braystones, Kirksanton and Sellafield)
    • National Grid Power Lines (400 kv Grid North and South around Lake District National Park) Needed / Essential
    • Pipelines – unsure of what is Planned / Necessary;
    • Highways – Motorway / Dual Carriageway Links to M6 Needed / Essential (Kendal preferred, Penrith a possible)? Possible tunnel through LDNP? ;
    • Airport(s) – civil airport (closer than Carlisle) Needed / Essential?;
    • Harbour – Harbours (at Sellafield) Needed / Essential?;
    • Railways – Links to West Coast Main Line Needed / Essential? Possible tunnel through LDNP?;
    • Waste Water Treatment Plants – Needed / Essential?; and,
    • Hazardous Waste Facilities Plants – Needed / Essential?
  • 38. 4. Statutory and Non-Statutory Organisations involved in New Build NSIPs in Copeland and Cumbria
  • 39. 4. Statutory and Non-Statutory Organisations involved in New Build NSIPs in Copeland and Cumbria
  • 40. Central Government: The IPC Organisation
  • 41. Central Government: The IPC Secretariat
  • 42. Other Central Government Potential Partners
  • 43. Local Authority Partners
  • 44. Regional Bodies as Interested Parties
  • 45. Promoters and Stakeholders
  • 46. Non-Statutory Organisations and Issues Groups
  • 47. 5. Activity Mapping Work Programme for New Build NSIPs within Copeland and Cumbria
  • 48. 5. Activity Mapping Work Programme for New Build NSIPs within Copeland and Cumbria (sheet 1 of 3) KEY: Statutory Essential Actions for the LPA to Commence NOW Essential Work that the LPA has to complete by 1 st March 2010 Essential Studies to be carried out by Consultants on behalf of LPA by 1 st March 2010 Key Activity Tasks / Organisation / Consultancy Advice Pre-Application 1 Validation 2 Pre-Examination 3 Examination 4 Decision 5 Post-Decision 6 Promoter
    • Request advice on process
    • Full Pre-Application Requirements
    • Finalise and submit application
    6. Review and Re-submit 10. Publicise proposal 14. Input views End? 24. Legal Challenge / Complaint? Local Authority / Public Statutory Agencies & Communities 4. Respond to consultation 11. Submit representations 15. Input views 25. Discharge Conditions IPC 5. Provide advice to Promoter
    • Accept as valid?
    • Refer case to SoS?
    12. Review proposal & submissions, hold pre-exam meeting 13. Issues procedural decision 16. Examine case 17. SoS case? If Yes, Issue Decision. If No, Issue Recommendation 19. Make relevant Order 20. Issue Decision or 21. Issue Recommendation 26. Legal Challenge Process 27. Complaint Process End. Secretary of State 9. SoS asks IPC to advise? 18. Runs Examination 22. Issue Decision 23. Make Relevant Order
  • 49. Key Activity Tasks / Organisation / Consultancy Advice Pre-Application 1 Validation 2 Pre-Examination 3 Examination 4 Decision 5 Post-Decision 6 Local Planning Authority / Public Statutory Agencies & Communities 4. Respond to consultation 11. Submit representations 15. Input views 25. Discharge Conditions Consultancy Advice Required: Planning Consultants (refer to GVA Appendices) Multi-Disciplinary Engineering Consultants (Refer to Arup Appendices) Planning Policy and Economics Socio Economics and Stakeholder Engagement Transport and Logistics Hydrology, Flooding (including Coastal Defence) and Bathymetry Seismology Ecology Environmental Impact Assessment Legal Advisers (Refer to JMW / Bircham Dyson Bell Appendices) Provide advice on Statement of Community Consultation (s47) S52 and s53 Notices EIA Screening EIA Scoping Provide views on Draft ES LA comments on adequacy of Consultation by Promoter Make Pre-Examination Representations following publicity of Accepted Application Attend Pre-Examination Meeting Receives Procedural Decision and Deadline for Further Representations Make Detailed Representations (Optional) including Local Impact Report (Local Authority Only) and Request Appearance at Open Floor and/or Acquisition Hearing (Optional) Attend Relevant Part of Hearing and Respond to Any Additional Representations Received Receive Decision Legal Challenge regarding Case Validation or IPC Development Consent Decision? Discharge and Enforce Conditions
  • 50. New Build Triggers for Copeland and Cumbria Partners Essential Work to be carried out by 1 st March, 2010 Key Activity Tasks / Organisation / Consultancy Advice Pre-Application 1 New Build Triggers for Copeland and Cumbria Partners: Necessary Work to check/validate ‘robustness’ of Promoters’ Submissions Work Previously Carried Out or needing to be carried out in next 6 months (< 1 st March 2010) Local Planning Authority / Public Statutory Agencies & Communities 4. Respond to consultation Consultancy Advice Required: Planning Consultants (refer to GVA Appendices) Multi-Disciplinary Engineering Consultants (Refer to Arup Appendices) Planning Policy and Economics Socio Economics and Stakeholder Engagement Transport and Logistics Hydrology, Flooding (including Coastal Defence) and Bathymetry Seismology Ecology Environmental Impact Assessment Legal Advisers (Refer to JMW / Bircham Dyson Bell Appendices) Provide advice on Statement of Community Consultation (s47) S52 and s53 Notices EIA Screening EIA Scoping Provide views on Draft ES AoS Appraisal of Sustainability AoS Report Report setting out environmental and sustainability effects of the Nuclear NPS. It will incorporate the requirements of the SEA Directive. Draft Nuclear Proposed National Policy Statement for new nuclear power stations, NPS which will be subject to public consultation. EIA Environmental Impact Assessment NPS National Policy Statement Nuclear NPS The proposed National Policy Statement for new nuclear power stations. SEA Strategic Environmental Assessment The European SEA Directive requires a formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes that could have significant effects on the environment. SSA Strategic Siting Assessment
    • Validation of all Base Data supplied by Promoter to IPC in Nomination Case:
    • All SSA Criteria with “Discretionary” and “Flag For Local Consideration” Status (without exception) (see Appendix : “Annex C: The Final SSA Criteria”)
    • Refer to GVA, Arup, JMW and Bircham, Dyson and Bell Appendices for fuller explanations
    • Refer to slide: “Concerns Regarding SSA Criteria for New Build NSIPs for Copeland and Cumbria
  • 51.  
  • 52. Concerns Regarding SSA Criteria Nomination Case for New Build NSIPs for Copeland and Cumbria
    • Work Undertaken to date by Promoters for SSA Nomination Case:
    • All Base Data that complies with the SSA Criteria must be validated by the LPA before it is accepted as ‘sound’ by the IPC and it proceeds to the next stage in the IPC Process:
    • Independent expert consultants should check conformity / validation of all the supplied data, to the IPC, on behalf of the LPA
  • 53. Current Studies/Work-streams, Commitments and Gap Analysis of Partner Organisations
    • Each nomination is based upon set criteria defined in the document :
    • “ Towards A Nuclear National Policy Statement” and the following criteria:
    • C1 Demographics
    • C2 Proximity to Military Activities
    • D1 Flooding, Tsunami and Storm Surge
    • D2 Coastal Processes
    • D3 Proximity to Hazardous Industrial Facilities and Operations
    • D4 Proximity to Civil Aircraft Movements
    • D5 Proximity to Military Activity
    • D6 Internationally Designated Sites of Ecological Importance
    • D7 Nationally Designated Sites of Ecological Importance
    • D8 Areas of Amenity, Cultural Heritage and Landscape Value
    • D9 Size of Site to Accommodate Operation
    • D10 Access to Suitable Sources of Cooling
    • Work Undertaken to date by Promoters for SSA Nomination Case:
    • All Base Data that complies with the SSA Criteria must be validated by the LPA / Consultants before it is accepted as ‘sound’ by the IPC and it proceeds to the next stage in the IPC Process:
    • Independent expert consultants should check conformity / validation of all the supplied data, to the IPC, on behalf of the LPA
  • 54. 6. Roles and Protocols for Successful Delivery of New Build NSIPs in Copeland and Cumbria
  • 55. Copeland and Cumbria Sub-Regional Partnership: Structure for Consideration
  • 56.  
  • 57. Cross-cutting Conditions for Sustainable Growth Conditions 1. to 3. inclusive
  • 58. Cross-cutting Conditions for Sustainable Growth Conditions 4. to 6. inclusive
  • 59. Cross-cutting Conditions for Sustainable Growth Conditions 7. to 9. inclusive
  • 60. Cross-cutting Conditions for Sustainable Growth Conditions 10. to 12. inclusive
  • 61. Cross-cutting Conditions for Sustainable Growth Conditions 13. to 15. inclusive
  • 62. 7. CBC Essential Work Programmes
  • 63. 7. CBC Essential Work Programmes (1 of 2)
  • 64. 7. CBC Essential Work Programmes (2 of 2)
  • 65. 8. S.W.O.T. Analysis of Copeland Preparedness and Action Plans
  • 66. Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
    • 50+ years of civil nuclear power at Sellafield.
    • Perceived public support and employment opportunities for New Build (at Sellafield).
    • Remoteness of Copeland from existing major transport and utilities infrastructure.
    • Absence of Copeland from 20-30 year masterplans for transport and utilities infrastructure.
    • Lack of appropriate planning policies and strategies at National, Regional and local levels, under-pinning the draft NPSs.
    • Base data that Promoters will be submitting to IPC needs robust validation by consultants acting to Copeland and Cumbria authorities.
    • Political lobbying by Copeland councillors needs ‘beefing-up’?
    • Strategies, policies, funding sources, organisational and operational needs of Copeland and Cumbrian authorities are woefully lacking in what may be coming from the private sector.
    • Copeland and Cumbrian authorities need to appoint an NSIP Coordinator for the duration of life of the project cycle.
    • Little, if any, of the necessary consultancy work has been briefed, in advance/parallel, with the Promoters that are undoubtedly already talking to IPC/DECC at al.
    • 3 of 11 SSI sites for New Build are within Copeland.
    • Government’s chief scientific adviser on climate change, professor David McKay, believes (4 th October 2009) that the country should aim for between 40 and 50 gigawatts of nuclear capacity by 2050 – four times the present 12 gigawatts. The expected rise in electricity demand, as more people switch to electric vehicles, makes that case even stronger.
    • NSIPs are not just about nuclear.
    • Copeland and Cumbria authorities need to put appropriate strategies, policies, organisational and operational structures in place to deal with New Build and NSIPs.
    • The private sector is looking for decent PPP and PFI schemes that can be brought to market.
    • Copeland and Cumbria should explore a Strategic Asset Management Programme that will maximise the benefits and opportunities to the area. This should be integrated with a Low Carbon Strategy Management Programme. It should also accord with a Strategic Policy Review.
    • Some of the remaining 11 proposed New Build sites may be better ‘equipped’ to handle what may be coming in terms of NSIPs, in general. Urgent requirements for:
    • Resources; Management set-up;
    • Location to existing transport and utility infrastructure and their long-term plans;
    • Lobbying;
    • ‘ Closeness’ to American ‘allies’ in powerful political circles, etc.
    • Private sector will leave a lasting legacy in Copeland and Cumbria that is not a credit to anyone.
  • 67. Action Plan: Short-Term Priority Actions (before 1 st March 2010) (1 of 3)
  • 68. Action Plan: Short-Term Priority Actions (before 1 st March 2010) (2 of 3)
  • 69. Action Plan: Short-Term Priority Actions (before 1 st March 2010) (3 of 3)
  • 70. Key Elements of the Assurance Program for New Build
  • 71. 9. Existing Spatial Plans / Business Plans / Masterplans for Transport and Utilities Infrastructure for Copeland and Cumbria Based on: 20-30 year Business / Masterplans for National Rail, DfT and National Grid. Needs also to be carried out for: Oil, Gas, Water and Waste See Appendix
  • 72. RSS Masterplan for Cumbria ***** Lack of Reference to all things Nuclear *****
  • 73.  
  • 74. National Grid Connection Reinforcements to Cumbria
  • 75.  
  • 76.  
  • 77. National Grid Connections to East Coast and Humber
  • 78.  
  • 79.  
  • 80. Conclusions: Based on 20-30 year Business Masterplans for Transport and Utilities Infrastructure
    • Copeland (and other Cumbrian authorities) are not, ‘on the page’, in terms of long-term planning for transport and utilities infrastructure.
    • This is the largest threat to any New Build, or NSIP, that may be considered for the area
    • A massive, and urgent, lobbying exercise with UK Government et al , needs to be instigated as soon as possible
  • 81. 10. The Way Forward for Copeland and Cumbria: Sub-Regional Partnership, a Memorandum of Agreement, a Multi-Area Agreement and a New Build NSIP Coordinator
  • 82. 10. The Way Forward:
    • Copeland and the Cumbrian authorities should form a Sub-Regional Partnership that will act as a Decision Delivery Vehicle for any NSIP that has to be considered by the authorities jointly as having an impact on the area that has to be mitigated
    • A Memorandum of Understanding/Agreement needs to be established by interested parties
    • A Multi-Area Agreement needs to be established by interested parties
  • 83. Possible New Build and other NSIPs for Copeland and Cumbria
    • Generating Stations;
    • Overhead Electric Lines;
    • Underground Gas Storage;
    • LNG Facilities;
    • Gas Reception Facilities;
    • Gas pipelines;
    • Other Pipelines;
    • Highways;
    • Airports;
    • Harbours;
    • Railways;
    • Rail Freight Interchanges;
    • Dams/Reservoirs;
    • Water Transfer Facilities;
    • Waste Water Treatment Plants; and,
    • Hazardous Waste Facilities.
  • 84. Possible signatories to the MoU / MoA / MAA:
    • Allerdale
    • Barrow
    • Carlisle
    • Copeland
    • Cumbria
    • Eden
    • LDNPA
    • South Lakeland
    • GO-NW
    • NDA
    • NII
    • NNL
  • 85. Duties for New Build NSIP Coordinator
    • Lead and Manage Promoters’ NSIP Projects on behalf of CSRP
    • Assist and Guide NSIP Promoters
    • Market and Develop CSRP Stakeholder Involvement Unit
    • Project Management of NSIPs on behalf of CSRP signatories to MoU / MoA / MAA
    • Maximise Mitigation Measures / Contributions of all NSIPs
    • Ensuring NSIPs accord with National, Regional and Local Legislation
    • Appoint and Manage Consultants on behalf of CSRP signatories to MoU / MoA / MAA and CSRP seconded staff
    • Liaising with all Promoters of NSIPs
    • Liaising with all other interested parties
    • Assist with briefs for all external consultants (eg. Planning, Legal, Engineering and Environmental) to ensure data input into NSIPs is robust
    • Formulation of Masterplans for baseline studies for Economic, Environmental, Socio-Economic and Transport Infrastructure
    • Assist with Formulation of the MoU / MoA / MAA relevant to CSRP
  • 86. End of Presentation Thank You Any questions? Appendices follow....
  • 87. Appendix: NSIP Thresholds
  • 88.  
  • 89.  
  • 90.  
  • 91. Appendix : The IPC Process in Detail
  • 92.  
  • 93.  
  • 94.  
  • 95.  
  • 96.  
  • 97.  
  • 98. Appendix: Masterplans and Business Plans for the Transport and Utilities Infrastructure Providers for next 20-30 years
  • 99.  
  • 100.  
  • 101.  
  • 102.  
  • 103.  
  • 104.  
  • 105. Route Utilisation Strategy November 2008
  • 106.  
  • 107.  
  • 108.  
  • 109.  
  • 110.  
  • 111.  
  • 112.  
  • 113.  
  • 114.  
  • 115.  
  • 116.  
  • 117.  
  • 118. Appendix: Statutory Consultees on New Build, NPSs and NSIPs
  • 119. National: Public Authorities
    • Central Government
    • Local Government
    • The National Health Service
    • Maintained Schools and Other Educational Institutions
    • Police
    • Other Public Bodies and Offices – England and Wales
    • Other Public Bodies and Offices – Northern Ireland
  • 120. Statutory Consultees (1 of 2)
    • (a) The Scottish Executive
    • (b) Welsh Ministers
    • (c) Relevant Northern Ireland Department
    • (e) The relevant Strategic Health Authorities
    • (f) The Health and Safety Executive
    • (g) The relevant Fire and Rescue Authorities
    • (h) The relevant Police Authorities
    • (i) The relevant Regional Development Agencies
    • (j) The relevant Parish Councils (Community Councils in Wales and Scotland)
    • (k) The Environment Agency
    • (l) Natural England
    • (m) The Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment
    • (n) The Equality and Human Rights Commission
    • (o) The Local Government Association
    • (p) The Commission for Sustainable Development
    • (q) The relevant Regional Assemblies
    • (r) The Crown Estate Commissioners
    • (s) The Maritime and Coastguard Agency
    • (t) The Marine and Fisheries Agency
    • (u) The relevant local resilience forum
    • (v) The Highways Agency
    • (w) The relevant Highways Authority
    • (x) Scottish Natural Heritage
    • (y) Transport for London
    • (z) The Civil Aviation Authority
  • 121. Statutory Consultees (2 of 2)
    • (aa) The Rail Passengers Council
    • (bb) The Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee
    • (cc) The Coal Authority
    • (dd) The Office of Rail Regulation and approved operators
    • (ee) The Gas and Electricity Markets Authority
    • (ff) The Water Services Regulation Authority
    • (gg) The Forestry Commission
    • (hh) The British Waterways Board
    • (ii) The Health Protection Agency
    • (jj) The relevant statutory undertakers
    • (kk) Trinity House
    • (ll) The relevant waste regulation authority
    • (mm) The relevant internal drainage board
    • (nn) The Countryside Council for Wales
    • (oo) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
    • (pp) The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England
    • (qq) The Commission for Rural Communities
    • (rr) The Homes and Communities Agency
    • (ss) The relevant Integrated Transport Authorities and Passenger Transport Executives
  • 122. Appendix: Issues for Copeland and Cumbria
  • 123. New Build National Policy Statements (NPS) for Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIP) to be submitted to the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC)
    • What are NPS / NSIPs and the IPC?
    • Overall / Government / IPC Timetables for Delivery of NSIP New Build?
    • What potential New Build NSIPs are in the pipeline at a National level?
    • What potential NSIPs can we expect within our area?
    • What are the Promoter / Developer Timetables for Delivery?
    • What will be the Potential Impacts of possible NSIPs be upon our area?
    • How can we Best Prepare as a Local Planning Authority that will comment upon any NSIP to the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC)?
    • What can we do to Maximise any possible Mitigation Measures / Contributions for any proposed NSIP?
  • 124. Risk Assessment Work on New Build NSIPs Needs to be Carried Out as soon as possible
  • 125. Issues on LDFs and (lack of) Growth Point Status for Copeland and Cumbria to Consider
    • Staffing/Resources – Resources of the Local Plans and Conservation Section.
    • Financial – The preparation of the Growth Point has been undertaken using
    • Legal – In accordance with the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 provisions
    • Corporate – The development and implementation of the Growth Point will meet the Economic Development aspirations of the Council’s Economic Development Plans.
    • Risk Management – The allocation for the Growth Point sites will be taken through the Local Development Framework process
    • Equality and Disability – The Growth Point will assist in equality and disability provision through tackling social deprivation and providing homes for those in special need such as the homeless, the gypsy and traveller community and those in need of affordable housing as well as providing a range of housing provision for all sectors of the community.
    • Environmental – The Local Development framework process involves the need for sustainable development and will involve the preparation of a number of environmental studies to ensure that the proposals of the LDF are sustainable.
    • Crime and Disorder – These issues will be included in the LDF process and through approved Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPDs)
    • Impact on Customers – The development of the Growth Point will assist in improving the development opportunities for the benefit of the people of Copeland
  • 126. NSIPs are not just about Nuclear New Build Opportunities
  • 127.  
  • 128.  
  • 129.  
  • 130.  
  • 131. West Cumbria – England’s Most Remote Sub-Region
  • 132.  
  • 133.  
  • 134.  
  • 135.  
  • 136.  
  • 137. West Cumbria NOW – Strengths
    • UK and International centre of Nuclear Industry expertise and knowledgeable community
    • High quality physical environment
    • Adjoins Lake District, UK’s premier tourism brand
    • Low Cost land and buildings
    • Highly skilled and flexible workforce
    • Extensive broadband access
    • Lifestyle benefits
    • National, Regional and Local Partners working together
  • 138. Nuclear Dependency in West Cumbria
    • Continues to deal with 60 % plus of the UK nuclear legacy for the nation
    • 12,000 direct jobs and 2,630 further indirect jobs
    • i.e. 22% of West Cumbria’s workforce (47% of Copeland's)
    • Whitehaven : 30 %
    • Egremont : 45%
    • Cleator Moor : 51%
    • Workington : 10%
    • Cockermouth : 19%
    • £200 – 250 million spent with local suppliers – 40% of local suppliers
    • depend on BNFL for over 50% of their business
    • £300 million in employee spending power
  • 139. West Cumbria NOW - Weaknesses
    • Suffering Dramatic de-industrialisation
    • Lowest growth in GVA per head in England
    • GVA/ Head already 32% below UK average (Cumbria 25% below)*
    • GVA gap between WC and UK growing faster every year
    • Over dependence on sectors in decline/under represented in growth sectors
    • Low business formation rates
    • Poor Image
    • Areas of high deprivation / physical degeneration
    • Remote / access difficult / low investment demand
    • Under- investment in transport infrastructure
  • 140. Challenges West Cumbria Faces: Economy in Freefall
    • All data sources confirm the serious problem we already have:
    • EU Stats show only four of 250 sub-regions in the 25 EU States suffered an absolute decline in GDP, Cumbria is one, the others are in the former Eastern Europe (eurostat 2004)
    • “ UK has its fair share of slow growing regions..
    • annual GDP growth (2005-2015) is likely to be the slowest in the northern regions of Cumbria (1.5%) and the Highlands and Islands (1.6%)”
    • Cumbria ranks 188 out of 214 Western European sub-regions
    • (Source: Experion Global Forecasting 2005)
    • GVA heavily dependent on Nuclear Industry
    • Sellafield contributes an estimated 22% of Cumbria GVA
    • Sellafield contributes an estimated 40% of West Cumbria GVA
  • 141. Nuclear Activities Cease
    • 8,000 future Nuclear Job Losses in the medium term ( = £1bn of GVA)
    • 17,000 projected total long term job losses by 2018
    • High wage jobs being replaced by low wage jobs
    • Little accessibility to alternative employment
    • Balance between benefits and detriments of Nuclear Industry in West
    • Cumbria changed by job losses:
    • - danger of losing West Cumbrians’ support for industry’s presence
  • 142. Working Together
    • National, Regional and Local Partners are working together to
    • deliver rapid diversification
    • Regional Economic Strategy, Cumbria Strategic Partnership Strategy,
    • West Cumbria Community Strategy aligned around joint priorities
    • for transformational schemes
    • National Government support on delivering initial key projects
    • - Higher Education, National Nuclear Skills Academy
    • Significant investment at local level to deliver ongoing programmes
    • Need to engage more with Government officials to speed up
    • delivery in some areas
  • 143. Underpinning Requirements for New Build to succeed
    • Enhanced access with reduced journey times to and from West Cumbria
    • Enhanced skill development to meet new sector needs
    • Business support programmes to facilitate planned transformation
    • Physical Regeneration and improvements to public realm
    • Enhanced, not reduced, health facilities
    • Enhanced educational facilities and performance
    • Rapid change in nature of housing availability necessitating
    • planning flexibility
    • Good marketing in key sectors
  • 144.
    • Cumbrian and Regional Partners are working together to meet these
    • challenges and deliver the renaissance of West Cumbria
    • Additional Support from Government needed:
    • A Effective West Cumbria Proofing including:
    • Flexible supportive approach to Government investment criteria
    • Flexible and supportive approach to decision making processes
    • affecting jobs and investment
    • Flexible and supportive approach to standard land use planning policy
    • to aid rapid transformation
    • Alignment of relevant national and regional strategies to
    • support our joint vision
    • Mechanism to ensure and monitor compliance
    • Enhanced access and reduced journey times to
    • and from West Cumbria
    • Work with local partners on a study to identify the best way to reduce journey times in the timescale needed, and increase the viability of target sector development
    • Identify and cost options, such as transport infrastructure, and their impact on delivering our vision
    • Agree Implementation Plan
  • 145.
    • Assist the Development of Knowledge Activities
    • Confirm HE/Nuclear Skills/National Lab and University Campus proposals for West Cumbria
    • Assist the development of Centres of Excellence in Restoration and Energy
    • Assist the development of a Health Park, incorporating teaching hospital and research in specialist areas
    • Joint development and delivery of a plan to transform West Cumbria’s image
    • Central government involvement in development of clear agreed image for the area
    • Co-ordinated approach to implementing image development plan from all relevant partners, including Local Agencies,
    • Regional Agencies, Dti, DEFRA, MOD, and the Nuclear
    • Decommissioning Authority
  • 146.
    • Public Sector Employment Investments to offset loss of public sector nuclear jobs:
    • Consider scope for office and laboratory relocations to West Cumbria in the spirit of the Lyons Commission recommendations
    • Consider potential for bringing together rationalised services in low cost West Cumbria to meet Gershon efficiencies
    • Add further related functions and capacity alongside existing public sector facilities in West Cumbria e.g. BCMS, Haverigg Prison, NDA
    • Ensure capacity is in place to deliver Action Plan
    • Create joint team in West Cumbria including national and regional civil servants with local staff to ensure effective delivery at all levels.
    • Provide support indirectly for local partners to put delivery capacity in place
    • Government funding prioritisation for key schemesincluding:
    • Direct funding through national agencies and indirectly through regional and local bodies as appropriate
    • European Regional Development Funding Fund post 2006
    • Assisted Areas Status including Article 87 c (3) State Aids designation
    • Source:
    • West Cumbria Strategic Forum
    • Terms of Reference
    • Memorandum of Agreement
  • 147. Agree a long term strategy and action plan to create a sustainable economy for West Cumbria that matches or exceeds the average economic performance in the North West region
  • 148. The End Thank You