Process for developing project from needs analysis to contract management, and how different from standard g procurement Note: major outputs at each step in parentheses - the assessment of all potential PPP projects involving outlay of public funds or granting of monopoly rights to collect tolls/revenues should be reviewed & approved at critical points by a suitable govt body unconnected w/ the promoting agency – such as the relevant unit in the MoF in Chile, for road BOT concessions, on avg the duration from initial design to contract award has been approx 16 mos, construction to actual service delivery, depending on project, can take another 2+ years
PPPs aim to introduce Private Sector Resources and/or Expertise in order to help provide and deliver Public sector Assets and Services
The term PPP is used to describe a wide variety of working arrangements from loose, informal and strategic partnerships, to design, build, finance and operate (DBFO) type service contracts and formal joint venture companies
Agriculture and Infrastructure: Priority Policies and Targets, 2007 – 2009…1
Agriculture modernization: The aim is to go beyond subsistence agriculture and increase agricultural productivity
Close the Infrastructure Gap:
Roads; The target is to have more than 55% of the entire national road network in good condition by 2009 up from the current (2006) indicator level of 45%
Energy; The target is (I) to install a total of about 300 Megawatts of additional capacity (approximately 17% of installed capacity) in 2007; (II) To develop and construct new power stations, (II) Explore alternative sources of energy
ICT; Increase t eledensity by at least 27% annually, and increase internet access by an annual rate of not less than 2%.
Education: Priority Policies and Targets, 2007 – 2009…2
In Education the objectives are:
increase access to and participation in education and training at all levels
bridge gender gaps in access to education in all districts
improve the quality of teaching and learning;
improve efficiency in the delivery of education services
promote science and technology education at all levels with particular attention to increased participation of girls.
Consequently, the target is to:
achieve literacy rate (i.e. proportion of adult population able to read and write) of about 68.20%;
Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) at the Primary level of 97.80%, JSS of 80.40% and SSS of 31% by 2009.
In doing this, effort will be made at achieving Gender Parity Index (GPI) for gross enrolment of 1 at all levels (i.e. KG, Primary, JSS and SSS)
Health: Priority Policies and Targets, 2007 – 2009…3
Expand and sustain high coverage of quality interventions and services , particularly malaria, infant & maternal mortality, HIV/AIDS etc
Target for HIV/AIDS: 50% ARVs coverage from the current 3.2%;
HIV/AIDS prevalence reduced to 2.0% by 2009 from 3.2% now
Water supply : The target is to increase access to above 60% by 2009.
Good Governance: The focus will be on
Strengthening the process of decentralization
Improve existing institutional capacities including Parliament
Fostering greater civic responsibility
Challenges to the attainment of the Overall Objective of the Medium Term Development Framework (GPRS II)…1
One of the key assumptions underlying the attainment of the minimum GDP growth of 8% and per capita GDP of US$686 over the medium term (by 2009) is increased investment in the key sectors of the economy, particularly in the area of infrastructure (i.e. energy, roads and railways, ICT, etc)
The recent analysis of the investment needs for the key sectors of the economy indicates a total investment requirements of about US$10,555.5 million over the period 2007-2009, of which GOG revenue projections amounts to US$3,115.7 million (about 30% of the estimated requirement).
This leaves an average financing gap of about US$3,518.5 million per annum.
Challenges to the attainment of the Overall Objective of the Medium Term Development Framework (GPRS II)…2
This gap is expected to be filled by:
Resource mobilization through grant finance and budget support.
external loans on concessional terms with a minimum grant element of 35%.
Non-concessional loans to be limited by specific projects in any specific year.
The implication of this is that development partners have to scale up resource support to Ghana which currently stands at about US$1,306.25 million per annum.
Within this framework GOG expect an increased in the current level of donor support over the next 3 years.
The GOG expect more loans on concessional terms with a minimum grant element of 35% as against non-concessional loans.
The GOG expects more budget support instead of projects loans which is difficult to coordinate and manage. This will allow for integration of aid flows into the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation phases of the budget cycle.
Electricity - exports: 755 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - imports: 629 million kWh (2006 est.)
WHY EXPORT 755 TO THEN IMPORT 629??????????????
PARTICULARLY AS PRODUCING MORE THAN COMSUME
WHY ARE ELECTRICITY CUTS SO PREVALENT??????????
Economic Sector Infrastructure: Energy and Bio-Energies OIL
Oil - production: 7,571 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 49,300 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 5,709 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports: 45,520 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves: 15 million bbl (1 January 2008 est.)
CONSUME DAILY ABOUT 7 TIMES AS MUCH OIL AS PRODUCE DAILY AND HAVE TO IMPORT MASSIVE AMOUNTS YET HAVE OIL (PROVED RESERVES) OF 15 MILLION BBL???????????
Economic Sector Infrastructure: Energy and Bio-Energies NATURAL GAS
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 22.65 billion cu m (1 January 2008 est.)
MASSIVE AMOUNT OF NATURAL GAS RESERVES YET ZERO CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION????????
Economic Sector Infrastructure: Energy and Bio-Energies Comment
Growth in electricity production averaged 4.2 percent a year between 1980 and 1996. In 1998 electricity production was 6.206 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh), 99.9 percent of which was from hydroelectric sources. In the same year, electricity consumption was 5.437 billion kWh and exports were 400 million kWh, while 65 kWh of electricity were imported. Hydroelectricity is generated at the Akasombo and Kpong power plants, which traditionally supply virtually all of the country's electricity needs, as well as provide exports to Benin and Togo.
Total dependence on hydroelectricity makes Ghana vulnerable to variations in rainfall, and power shortages reached crisis-point in 1998. This has stiffened resolve to provide alternative sources of electric power, including a recently built oil-and gas-fired power station. There are also plans for a number of gas-fired plants, using imported gas and gas from the Tano fields. The Tama oil refinery was being expanded and prepared for privatization in 1997-99. The U.S. Export-Import Bank is to provide guarantees to cover drilling in the Tano off-shore natural gas fields and construction of pipelines, plus loan financing for operations and maintenance work.
recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities;
poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations;
inadequate supplies of potable water
Economic Sector Infrastructure: Information and Communication Technologies
Telephones - main lines in use: 376,500 (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 7.604 million (2007)
outdated and unreliable fixed-line infrastructure heavily concentrated in Accra; competition among multiple mobile-cellular providers has spurred growth with subscribership about 35 per 100 persons and rising
primarily microwave radio relay;
wireless local loop has been installed
Economic Sector Infrastructure: Information and Communication Technologies
international: country code - 233;
landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fibre-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia;
Economic Sector Infrastructure: Transport Comment
There are 39,409 kilometres (24,490 miles) of roads, of which 11,653 kilometres (7,241 miles) were paved in 1997. In 1997 there was a 953-kilometer (592-mile) railway network (currently undergoing major rehabilitation) of narrow gauge. The railway connects Accra, Kumasi, and Takoradi, the major mining areas, to the sea ports. The railway network also provides passenger services from the interior of Ghana to the main sea ports at Tema (near Accra) and Takoradi.
The main waterways include the Volta, Ankobra, and Tano Rivers, which provide 168 kilometers (104 miles) of year-round navigation, and Lake Volta, which provides 1,125 kilometres (699 miles) of arterial and feeder waterways. The main ports are at Takoradi and Tema. There were 12 airports in 1999, 6 of which had paved runways .