Interest Groups
Lobbying 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue The act of trying to influence the votes of  a legislative body  To urge t...
Initiative 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue A method that allows for citizens to change legislation.  Can be used di...
Faction 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue The main concern addressed in the Federalist No. 10. Our  founding fathers ...
PAC 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Committees dedicated to funding political campaingns  Commitees regulated by th...
ACLU 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Prominent civil liberty interest group Filed an amicus curaie brief  in the ca...
Litigation 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Ex. Brown v. Board The process of going through the legal system A  laws...
NAACP 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Its purpose is to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination Founded i...
Influence Peddling 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Governor of Illinois was accused of this for attempting to sell ...
Buckley v Valeo 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Supreme court case in which federal limists on financing were uphel...
Card Stacking 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue One-Sided Propoganda Attempts to manipulate audience by overepresenti...
Lobbyist 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Came about in the 17 th  century to refer to a large anteroom near the Eng...
Solidary Incentive 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue The League of Women Voters, the Parent Teacher Association and t...
Ideological Interest  Groups 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue One of the most common types of interest groups Organi...
Ratings 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Political cues are made known by this word Compiled regularly by the AFL-CI...
Soft Money 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Funds solicited from individuals, corporations, and unions that are spen...
NRA 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Very powerful interest group founded in 1871 A group dedicated to shooting inst...
Amicus Curiae 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Used in Bakke v. University of California medical school Written brie...
Public-Interest Lobby 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue These groups can be described as markedly liberal or decidedl...
Revolving Door 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue May give private interests a way of improperly influencing governmen...
Material Incentive 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Style of persuasion used by interest groups that is controversia...
Hard Money 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Regulated my the FEC The only legal type of donation under the Campaign ...
Sierra Club 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Interest group that lobbies for environmental concerns Protest at envir...
Grass Roots Mobilization 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Not an insider strategy Effective because of fast technolo...
Issue Networks 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Used by lobbying groups to persuade public opinion They form around ...
Open Shop 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Everyone can work but for different pay Used as a tool by unions to encou...
Bundling 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Tactic used by political action committees to raise money Gives them influ...
Issue Advocacy 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Unlimited spending by a PAC Does not use the words “vote for” or “vo...
527 Organizations 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Moveon.org is a popular example Their name relates to their tax s...
Leadership PAC 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue One candidate supporting another Contributions move from one candida...
Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Requires groups and individuals seeking to influ...
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Gomez grisham kane period 2

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Gomez grisham kane period 2

  1. 1. Interest Groups
  2. 2. Lobbying 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue The act of trying to influence the votes of a legislative body To urge the passage of a bill, or any change in public policy, by changing the mind of legislators How a lobbyist does gets his message across
  3. 3. Initiative 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue A method that allows for citizens to change legislation. Can be used directly or indirectly A piece of legislation proposed by the people and voted on by either the citizens of legislators
  4. 4. Faction 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue The main concern addressed in the Federalist No. 10. Our founding fathers felt that too many of these take power away from the central government Minority sub-groups within a larger group
  5. 5. PAC 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Committees dedicated to funding political campaingns Commitees regulated by the Federal Election Commitee Can make a maximum donation of $5000 dollars to a candidate
  6. 6. ACLU 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Prominent civil liberty interest group Filed an amicus curaie brief in the case of Brown v Board of Education Has over 500,000 members and was founded in 1920
  7. 7. Litigation 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Ex. Brown v. Board The process of going through the legal system A lawsuit
  8. 8. NAACP 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Its purpose is to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination Founded in 1909 and has over 300,000 Prominent civil rights and equality interest group
  9. 9. Influence Peddling 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Governor of Illinois was accused of this for attempting to sell Obama’s vacant senate seat Illegal use of government position to obtain favors of preferential treatment Also called traffic of influence
  10. 10. Buckley v Valeo 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Supreme court case in which federal limists on financing were upheld Important campaign finance case Established personal financing for a campaign as free speech
  11. 11. Card Stacking 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue One-Sided Propoganda Attempts to manipulate audience by overepresenting one side of an argument Gets its name from magicians who “stack the deck “ in order to perform a trick
  12. 12. Lobbyist 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Came about in the 17 th century to refer to a large anteroom near the English House of Commons Met members of Congress right outside the chambers of the House and the Senate to argue their cause A person attempting to influence government decisions on behalf of the group
  13. 13. Solidary Incentive 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue The League of Women Voters, the Parent Teacher Association and the NAACP are examples Only available from face-to-face contact Sense of pleasure, status, or companionship that arises out of meeting together in a small group
  14. 14. Ideological Interest Groups 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue One of the most common types of interest groups Organizations that attract members by appealing to their interest in a coherent set of controversial principles Ideal interest group
  15. 15. Ratings 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Political cues are made known by this word Compiled regularly by the AFL-CIO An assessment of a representative’s voting record on issues important to an interest group. Such ratings are designed to generate public support for or opposition to legislator
  16. 16. Soft Money 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Funds solicited from individuals, corporations, and unions that are spent on party activities, such as voter-registration campaigns and voting drives, rather than on behalf of a specific candidate McCain-Feingold Act Non-regulated
  17. 17. NRA 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Very powerful interest group founded in 1871 A group dedicated to shooting instruction National Rifle Association
  18. 18. Amicus Curiae 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Used in Bakke v. University of California medical school Written brief or oral argument “ friend of the court”
  19. 19. Public-Interest Lobby 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue These groups can be described as markedly liberal or decidedly conservatively in outlook Pursues relatively noncontroversial goals like persuading people to vote or raise money to house orphans A political organization the stated goals of or principle from which will principally benefit non members
  20. 20. Revolving Door 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue May give private interests a way of improperly influencing government decisions. Very scandalous for the government Leaving important jobs in the federal government to take more lucrative private jobs
  21. 21. Material Incentive 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Style of persuasion used by interest groups that is controversial The case of Buckly V. Valeo deals with this idea A material return for political reaction
  22. 22. Hard Money 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Regulated my the FEC The only legal type of donation under the Campaign Finance Reform Act of 2002 Limited amount of money that can be directly donated to a candidate
  23. 23. Sierra Club 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Interest group that lobbies for environmental concerns Protest at environmentally sensitive areas to change policy Shares a name with a mountain range in CA
  24. 24. Grass Roots Mobilization 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Not an insider strategy Effective because of fast technology Style of lobbying where people contact politicians rather than the lobbyists
  25. 25. Issue Networks 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Used by lobbying groups to persuade public opinion They form around specific issues A collation of groups who unite to change policy
  26. 26. Open Shop 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Everyone can work but for different pay Used as a tool by unions to encourage membership Free labor choices
  27. 27. Bundling 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Tactic used by political action committees to raise money Gives them influence with a candidate Many donations are used and presented as one
  28. 28. Issue Advocacy 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Unlimited spending by a PAC Does not use the words “vote for” or “vote against” Cannot/does not mention candidates by name
  29. 29. 527 Organizations 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Moveon.org is a popular example Their name relates to their tax status Group that can run unlimited advertising with few restrictions
  30. 30. Leadership PAC 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue One candidate supporting another Contributions move from one candidate to another via this A group formed by a candidate of office holder to move money
  31. 31. Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Requires groups and individuals seeking to influence legislation to register with the secretary of the Senate and the clerk of the House and to file quarterly financial reports Revised in 1995 to tighten up the registration and disclosure requirements Had little practical effect
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