Changes in location away from the old coalfield sites where coal was used to power traditional industries
Many of the traditional heavy manufacturing industries such as steel and iron have declined in importance and been replaced with light assembly manufacturing industries, such as electronics.
Changes in technology have resulted in many of the old traditional methods of production being overtaken by robots and computer controlled production. This has resulted in a reduction in the labour force.
A large number of overseas manufactures have been attracted to the UK, particularly in areas offering government assistance.
There has been an overall decline in the numbers employed in manufacturing as the UK moves to a more tertiary – based economy.