Raise a grade session PopulationPresentation Transcript
POPULATION GCSE Guide
Aspects of Population Studies
Country case studies (EU, MEDC, LEDC)
Population Change, Growth, measurement
Country case studies (MEDC, LEDC comparisons)
Country case studies
Population Distribution Factors affecting population distribution climate Relief (topography) access resources work vegetation
Geography Population Places where people live Forest River Valley Mountain Desert Forest River Valley Mountain Desert Densely populated Sparsely populated 2.Gentle slopes 3.Good soil 5.Many natural resources 4.Poor water supply 8. Steep slopes 9. Few natural resources 10. Dense forest
Dense population around edges of continents Sparse population in northern high latitudes Dense population in Western Europe Sparse population in central & west Australia & Northern Africa Dense population in India & SE Asia
Can you explain the global pattern of global population distribution?
1. Densely populated areas are found ….
This is because..
2. Sparsely populated areas are found…
This is because..
World Population Growth
What is happening to the world’s population?
Look at the slides showing world population growth.
What is the global trend?
How many people are there in the world today?
How has the rate of growth altered since 1950?
What are the differences between the growth in MEDCs & LEDCs?
Can you see any similarities in the pattern between MEDCs & LEDCs?
When & at what number is the world’s population predicted to stop growing?
Number of Dependents
Number of working population
High figures show more people depend on the workforce
Low figures show less people depend on the workforce
A ratio of 1 means every working person supports one other non-working person.
What are the problems associated with a high, young dependent population? (LEDC)
What are the problems associated with a high elderly dependent population? (MEDC)
Case Study Countries
EU: UK & France
MEDC outside the EU: Japan
LEDC: Brazil, China, India ( Kerala)
You need to know:
Stage on the Demographic transition model & Trends
What should you do next?
For each case study…
Annotate a simple outline map showing high, medium & low density population; explain why this is like it is.
Draw a quick population pyramid & say what this shows
What stage of the Demographic Transition Model is it?
Annotate a map or describe migration within or into/out of the country
Describe the concerns & the policies in place to deal with these
Predict the future position – concerns & solutions – for that country
Population Distribution in Japan Key: 1: 2: 3:
Population Distribution in Japan
Highest in Pacific Belt (Kansai Region); flat coastal plain, sheltered harbours, ports, access, industrial core.
Lowest in land on high mountain ranges & in furthest islands, eg Hokkaido.
Population Distribution in Brazil: Key: 1: 2: 3:
Population Distribution in Brazil
High Density in South East, & North East (coastal access, ports, flat plain, industry, climate)
Lowest Density in tropical rainforest (climate, density of vegetation, poor access)
Medium density in South-east hinterland (relief, resources, road access)
Population Distribution in France: Key: 1: 2: 3:
Population Distribution in France
Concentrated in traditional industrial regions (access, resouces, industrial growth pole/core)
eg Nord, pas de Calais ,
Isle de Paris
Lowest in steep mountainous regions (alpine climate, remote, poor access)
Eg Massif Central
Changing Population of Settlements
Edge of city – suburbanisation (Bradley Stoke), along transport routes (M32, Ring road) & in commuter towns (Nailsea, Long Ashton);
regenerated city centres (Bristol City Docks)
Crowded city centres (Rocinca in Rio), edge of city slums (Mexico City), New growth areas (Barra in Rio)
Migration The movement of people
Push Factors Pull Factors
Poor quality environment
Lack of jobs
Lack of opportunity
War / political unrest
Lack of health care
Loss of community
Better quality environment (housing, water..)
Many facilities ( eg education, leisure)
Good health care
Desire for new start
Migration:Types of movement
Rural to rural – farm to village
Rural to urban – out of countryside, eg looking for work
Urban to urban – one city to another for job change or moving house & commuting
Urban to rural – people can travel to work, retire to the countryside, work from home
Emigrate – move away from
Immigrate – move into
Migrate - move
China’s One Child Policy
Each family can have one child
Tax incentives, help with education, creche support
‘ granny police’ watch over women at work
Permits are given to have a child
People have to pay back & get fined if they have more than one child