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A disadvantage (of living in the countryside) is the ageing population because many of the young people leave to go to live in the cities where there might be more job opportunities and the attraction of the “bright lights” An advantage is healthier lifestyles because there is less pollution from motor vehicles and the countryside gives people the chance to walk and exercise.
In the 1930s farmers were using horses and ploughs and carts whereas in 2005 machines such as tractors and combines are used which are more efficient and quicker than horses and also they save on labour costs. In the 1930s more animals were kept but now more crops are grown which are less labour demanding and crops such as oil seed rape are in demand as bio fuel.
Old barns and cattle stores have become holiday homes and second homes for rich city dwellers which has meant that the prices have risen sharply and the locals can no longer always afford to buy property in their own villages. Also these new buildings are often not occupied in the winter and this can cause less money coming into the local economy.
Some farmers have converted barns into farm shops which means they can sell their own produce and if they go organic this brings in even more money and helps their income.
Some people live in converted chapels because fewer people go to church today and these were closed down many years ago as the congregations were too small.
Prices in some villages are very high eg. In Wiltshire at West Kington the prices of property in that village are twice the prices of property in the rest of the county.
Large numbers of people are moving into these village from the cities which means as they earn big salaries in the city they drive up the prices of the houses in the village so the locals cannot afford them
Also large numbers of retired couples are moving out of the cities to live in the countryside which means they sell their property in the towns at a high price and move to the countryside with larges sums of money to spend
Couples with young children looking for good schools are moving back to the countryside because the resource shows that pupils in rural schools achieve more A TO C grades by 12% than pupils in urban schools. Also retired couples are moving back to the countryside because the environment is pleasanter as there is less traffic, the air is cleaner and it is a safer environment with less crime ( resource 1 tells us there is 50% less crime). (6)
LOOK AT THE INFO. IN THE CENTRE OF THE RESOURCE….THERE MIGH BE SOME REF. IN THE QUESTION TO THE EFECTS OF THESE MOVEMENTS ON THE COUNTRYSIDE.
Encourage people to buy 10% more local produce WHICH would make them buy fruits and vegetables locally from a farm shop and therefore saving driving to supermarkets so reducing their carbon footprint. It would also bring more money into the local economy. More affordable housing at lower prices is a sustainable option AS it means more people would be able to live in the countryside and boost the local economy by paying their council taxes.