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    Chapter9 Chapter9 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Nine Interest Groups American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship
    • Chapter Nine: Learning Objectives
      • Define what interest groups are
      • Explain different ways by which they take form and sustain themselves
      • Distinguish economic and policy groups, and discuss their role in deliberative democracy
    • Chapter Nine: Learning Objectives
      • Identify ways in which interest groups attempt to influence public policy
      • Analyze potential tensions between citizenship and interest group politics
    • Introduction
      • Are there differences between special interests and interest groups?
      • What roles do interest groups play in a deliberative democracy?
    • Creating and Sustaining Interest Groups
      • Why do interest groups form?
      • Economic changes
      • Social changes
      • Political changes
    • Creating and Sustaining Interest Groups
      • The free rider problem is one barrier to group formation. One way groups overcome the free rider problem is by offering selective incentives .
      • What are some selective incentives groups may offer to gain members?
    • Myths and Misinformation
      • Lincoln and special interests
      • Both conservative and liberal interest groups have claimed Abraham Lincoln would have supported their causes based on quotes mistakenly attributed to Lincoln.
    • Economic Interests
      • Types of economic groups
      • Business firms
      • Trade and professional associations
      • Organized labor
    • International Perspectives
      • Union membership
      • The labor movement has been weaker in the United States as compared to other developed nations.
      • Why do you believe the labor movement has been weak in America?
    • Policy Groups
      • Policy groups are different than economic groups. They are sometimes called ideological interest groups or public interest groups .
      • How are policy groups different from economic groups?
    • Policy Groups
      • Types of policy groups
      • 501 (c)(3) groups
      • Political action committees
      • Section 527 groups
    • Membership and Funding
      • Interest groups have, in the past, focused on grassroots organization in order to grow, but group formation is changing.
      • Today, many groups have formed through soliciting money from foundations or individuals.
    • Policy Groups and Political Controversies
      • Some of the most well-known policy groups focus on controversial issues such as firearms policy, abortion policy, civil rights, and civil liberties.
      • Policy and economic groups are just one way citizens may participate in deliberation.
    • Methods of Influence
      • How do interest groups try to achieve their political goals?
      • Do the techniques of influence used by interest groups contribute to deliberative democracy? How?
    • Methods of Influence
      • Methods of influence
      • Direct lobbying
      • Grassroots, air wars and grasstops
      • Campaign finance
    • Methods of Influence
      • Methods of influence
      • Campaign finance
      • Philanthropy
      • Legal action
    • Methods of Influence
      • Methods of influence
      • Protest
      Courtesy of Students for a Free Tibet; www.studentsforafreetibet.org
    • Methods of Influence: Direct Lobbying
      • Direct lobbying
      • What are the differences between in-house and contract lobbyists ?
      • Explain the revolving door concept
    • Pledges and Promises
      • Code of ethics
      • The American League of Lobbyists adopted a code of ethics in 2003.
      • Do you believe it is important for lobbyists to abide by the code? Why?
    • Methods of Influence: Grassroots, Air Wars, and Grasstops
      • Grassroots, air wars, and grasstops
      • What are the differences between grassroots and grasstops lobbying?
      • What are air wars ?
    • Methods of Influence: Campaign Finance
      • Campaign finance
      • What are the differences between a connected PAC and a nonconnected PAC ?
      • Explain bundling and why groups do it
      • What were problems with soft money ?
    • Methods of Influence: Philanthropy and Legal Action
      • Philanthropy
      • Why would an interest group participate in philanthropic activities?
      • Legal action
      • What are amicus curiae briefs?
    • Methods of Influence: Protest
      • Protest
      • Do protests contribute to deliberative democracy in a positive or negative way? Explain.
      Joe Raedle/Getty Images News/Getty Images
    • Interest Groups and Deliberative Democracy
      • Foreign governments have hired lobbyists to influence American policy.
      • Does lobbying by foreign governments undermine the idea that a purpose of deliberative democracy is to serve the common interests of Americans?
    • Interest Groups and Deliberative Democracy
      • What do critics of interest groups have to say about interest group activity and deliberative democracy?
      • What do supporters of interest groups have to say about interest group activity and deliberative democracy?
    • Deliberation, Citizenship, and You
      • Students as interest groups
      • Students are affected by many policy issues and have been involved in interest group activity, especially related to education policy.
    • Summary
      • Interest groups try to influence policy
      • Two categories of groups – economic and policy
      • Groups use many techniques of influence
      • Debates continue about role of groups in a deliberative democracy