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Chapter5 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship Chapter Five Civic Culture
  • 2. Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
    • Explain the meaning of civic culture and tell how it helps distinguish the United States from other industrial democracies
    • Define the concept of individualism in American life
  • 3. Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
    • Explain how religion has so much influence despite the separation of church and state
    • Analyze how patriotism has both united Americans yet given rise to disputes over free expression
  • 4. Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
    • Briefly sketch the role of giving and volunteering in American society
    STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images
  • 5. Introduction to American Civic Culture
    • What are some values you associate with the American civic culture?
    MATTHEW J. LEE/Boston Globe/Landov
  • 6. Introduction to American Civic Culture
    • Four elements of American civic culture
    • Individualism
    • Religion
    • Patriotism
    • Civilian community service
  • 7. Power and the Individual: Individualism
    • Characteristics of American individualism
    • Self-reliance and individual responsibility
    • Favor individual rights
    • Belief that economic competition is good
    • Modest social programs as compared to other nations
  • 8. Power and the Individual: Reformism
    • In the 19 th century, people were concerned about the increasing power that political party machines, wealthy financiers, and corporations exerted in government.
    • As a result, the Progressive movement grew in opposition to those forces.
  • 9. Power and the Individual: Reformism
    • Progressive movement ideas
    • Concentration of power was the threat
    • Need to reform electoral processes
    • Award government jobs based on the civil service system, not political appointees
  • 10. Religion and American Politics
    • With a constitutional guarantee of the separation of church and state, why do you believe religion has been able to be so influential in American politics?
  • 11. Myths and Misinformation
    • On America, Alexis de Tocqueville has been quoted as stating that he did not “understand the secret of her genius and power” until he visited American churches.
    • Tocqueville was misquoted, but that statement is still used today because of its adaptability to different causes.
  • 12. Religion and American Politics: Born in Mission
    • The Pilgrims came to America seeking religious freedom and drafted the Mayflower Compact to establish a “civil body politick.”
    • The Puritans soon followed and many religious denominations have their roots in the Puritan reform movement.
  • 13. Religion and American Politics: Revolution and Founding
    • Religious ideas in early America
    • First Great Awakening
    • Enlightenment
    • Deism
  • 14. Religion and American Politics: Slavery and Civil Rights
    • Religious beliefs influenced both pro-slavery and anti-slavery movements.
    • The Second Great Awakening focused on issues related to social improvement and moral reform, and abolishing slavery was an important goal of many during this movement.
  • 15. Religion and American Politics: Individual Conduct
    • Religious beliefs affected opinions on
    • Prohibition of alcohol
    • Plural marriage
    • Abortion rights
  • 16. Religion and Politics
  • 17. Religion and American Politics: Education
    • How has religion affected education?
    • Many private universities have religious backgrounds
    • Northwest Ordinance linked religion with education
    • Scopes trial brought issues of religion and public education to national political agenda
  • 18. Religion and American Politics: Social Welfare
    • The Social Gospel movement stressed the role that religion should play in charitable work and solving social problems such as poverty and child labor.
    • The ideas of the Social Gospel movement are still alive in American politics today.
  • 19. Religion and American Politics: Faith and Votes
    • Have religious beliefs affected voting behavior?
    • Moral Majority
    • Christian Coalition
    • Black churches
  • 20. International Perspectives
    • Views of American religiosity
    • Europe has more secular views than America
    • 2006 poll of the British found that 82% believed that religion causes “division and tension”
    • 2005 Pew Global Attitudes Project found that many industrial nations thought that Americans were “too religious”
  • 21. Patriotism Source: Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, “Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987–2007—Political Landscape More Favorable to Democrats,” March 22, 2007, at
  • 22. Patriotism and Civil Religion
    • American civil religion
    • Roots are in Judeo-Christian tradition
    • Americans should seek a higher power
    • Nondenominational references to God prevalent
  • 23. Patriotism: Symbols and Rituals
    • Many symbols and rituals of patriotism have religious traditions
    • Great Seal of the United States
    • Liberty Bell
    • Declaration of Independence display
    • Opinions on flag desecration and reciting the Pledge of Allegiance
  • 24. Pledges and Promises
    • The Pledge of Allegiance
    • First version created in 1892 with minor changes in 1923 and 1924
    • Congress added phrase “under God” in 1954
    • For some, the pledge embodies “the relationship of community, religion and military service”
  • 25. Patriotism and Military Service
    • Throughout history, many Americans have expressed their patriotism through military service.
    • Other motivations for military service
    • Job training and employment opportunities
    • Benefits for veterans
  • 26. Problems of Patriotism
    • Do you believe that patriotism places greater importance on one nation over another?
    • Do you believe that cosmopolitism is a better approach? Why or why not?
  • 27. Community Service
    • Why has community service become such an important component of American civic culture?
    • As an American do you feel an obligation to community service?
    • In what ways have citizens served their community?
  • 28. Community Service
    • Americans have served in many ways
    • Participation in civic organizations
    • Charitable giving and volunteering
  • 29. Community Service: Private Effort and Public Policy
    • How has the government promoted community service?
    • White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
    • Peace Corps and AmeriCorps
    • Tax exempt status to nonprofit organizations
  • 30. Civic Culture and Deliberative Democracy
    • Issues that have affected civic culture and deliberative democracy
    • Economic and social change
    • Growth in size of government
    • Judeo-Christian religious traditions and emergence of new religious traditions due to immigration
  • 31. Deliberation, Citizenship, and You
    • Education as responsibility
    • President Obama has emphasized the importance of higher education to the country
    • Critics have said that job training may be more important than postsecondary education
    • Are you pursuing a higher education because of a sense of obligation to the country?
  • 32. Summary
    • Several characteristics define the American civic culture and have helped make the American experience and history unique
    • If we understand these characteristics, we will better understand many of the enduring issues and attitudes in American politics