Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply



Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship Chapter Five Civic Culture
  • 2. Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
    • Explain the meaning of civic culture and tell how it helps distinguish the United States from other industrial democracies
    • Define the concept of individualism in American life
  • 3. Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
    • Explain how religion has so much influence despite the separation of church and state
    • Analyze how patriotism has both united Americans yet given rise to disputes over free expression
  • 4. Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
    • Briefly sketch the role of giving and volunteering in American society
    STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images
  • 5. Introduction to American Civic Culture
    • What are some values you associate with the American civic culture?
    MATTHEW J. LEE/Boston Globe/Landov
  • 6. Introduction to American Civic Culture
    • Four elements of American civic culture
    • Individualism
    • Religion
    • Patriotism
    • Civilian community service
  • 7. Power and the Individual: Individualism
    • Characteristics of American individualism
    • Self-reliance and individual responsibility
    • Favor individual rights
    • Belief that economic competition is good
    • Modest social programs as compared to other nations
  • 8. Power and the Individual: Reformism
    • In the 19 th century, people were concerned about the increasing power that political party machines, wealthy financiers, and corporations exerted in government.
    • As a result, the Progressive movement grew in opposition to those forces.
  • 9. Power and the Individual: Reformism
    • Progressive movement ideas
    • Concentration of power was the threat
    • Need to reform electoral processes
    • Award government jobs based on the civil service system, not political appointees
  • 10. Religion and American Politics
    • With a constitutional guarantee of the separation of church and state, why do you believe religion has been able to be so influential in American politics?
  • 11. Myths and Misinformation
    • On America, Alexis de Tocqueville has been quoted as stating that he did not “understand the secret of her genius and power” until he visited American churches.
    • Tocqueville was misquoted, but that statement is still used today because of its adaptability to different causes.
  • 12. Religion and American Politics: Born in Mission
    • The Pilgrims came to America seeking religious freedom and drafted the Mayflower Compact to establish a “civil body politick.”
    • The Puritans soon followed and many religious denominations have their roots in the Puritan reform movement.
  • 13. Religion and American Politics: Revolution and Founding
    • Religious ideas in early America
    • First Great Awakening
    • Enlightenment
    • Deism
  • 14. Religion and American Politics: Slavery and Civil Rights
    • Religious beliefs influenced both pro-slavery and anti-slavery movements.
    • The Second Great Awakening focused on issues related to social improvement and moral reform, and abolishing slavery was an important goal of many during this movement.
  • 15. Religion and American Politics: Individual Conduct
    • Religious beliefs affected opinions on
    • Prohibition of alcohol
    • Plural marriage
    • Abortion rights
  • 16. Religion and Politics
  • 17. Religion and American Politics: Education
    • How has religion affected education?
    • Many private universities have religious backgrounds
    • Northwest Ordinance linked religion with education
    • Scopes trial brought issues of religion and public education to national political agenda
  • 18. Religion and American Politics: Social Welfare
    • The Social Gospel movement stressed the role that religion should play in charitable work and solving social problems such as poverty and child labor.
    • The ideas of the Social Gospel movement are still alive in American politics today.
  • 19. Religion and American Politics: Faith and Votes
    • Have religious beliefs affected voting behavior?
    • Moral Majority
    • Christian Coalition
    • Black churches
  • 20. International Perspectives
    • Views of American religiosity
    • Europe has more secular views than America
    • 2006 poll of the British found that 82% believed that religion causes “division and tension”
    • 2005 Pew Global Attitudes Project found that many industrial nations thought that Americans were “too religious”
  • 21. Patriotism Source: Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, “Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987–2007—Political Landscape More Favorable to Democrats,” March 22, 2007, at
  • 22. Patriotism and Civil Religion
    • American civil religion
    • Roots are in Judeo-Christian tradition
    • Americans should seek a higher power
    • Nondenominational references to God prevalent
  • 23. Patriotism: Symbols and Rituals
    • Many symbols and rituals of patriotism have religious traditions
    • Great Seal of the United States
    • Liberty Bell
    • Declaration of Independence display
    • Opinions on flag desecration and reciting the Pledge of Allegiance
  • 24. Pledges and Promises
    • The Pledge of Allegiance
    • First version created in 1892 with minor changes in 1923 and 1924
    • Congress added phrase “under God” in 1954
    • For some, the pledge embodies “the relationship of community, religion and military service”
  • 25. Patriotism and Military Service
    • Throughout history, many Americans have expressed their patriotism through military service.
    • Other motivations for military service
    • Job training and employment opportunities
    • Benefits for veterans
  • 26. Problems of Patriotism
    • Do you believe that patriotism places greater importance on one nation over another?
    • Do you believe that cosmopolitism is a better approach? Why or why not?
  • 27. Community Service
    • Why has community service become such an important component of American civic culture?
    • As an American do you feel an obligation to community service?
    • In what ways have citizens served their community?
  • 28. Community Service
    • Americans have served in many ways
    • Participation in civic organizations
    • Charitable giving and volunteering
  • 29. Community Service: Private Effort and Public Policy
    • How has the government promoted community service?
    • White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
    • Peace Corps and AmeriCorps
    • Tax exempt status to nonprofit organizations
  • 30. Civic Culture and Deliberative Democracy
    • Issues that have affected civic culture and deliberative democracy
    • Economic and social change
    • Growth in size of government
    • Judeo-Christian religious traditions and emergence of new religious traditions due to immigration
  • 31. Deliberation, Citizenship, and You
    • Education as responsibility
    • President Obama has emphasized the importance of higher education to the country
    • Critics have said that job training may be more important than postsecondary education
    • Are you pursuing a higher education because of a sense of obligation to the country?
  • 32. Summary
    • Several characteristics define the American civic culture and have helped make the American experience and history unique
    • If we understand these characteristics, we will better understand many of the enduring issues and attitudes in American politics