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    Chapter5 Chapter5 Presentation Transcript

    • American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship Chapter Five Civic Culture
    • Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
      • Explain the meaning of civic culture and tell how it helps distinguish the United States from other industrial democracies
      • Define the concept of individualism in American life
    • Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
      • Explain how religion has so much influence despite the separation of church and state
      • Analyze how patriotism has both united Americans yet given rise to disputes over free expression
    • Chapter Five: Learning Objectives
      • Briefly sketch the role of giving and volunteering in American society
      STAN HONDA/AFP/Getty Images
    • Introduction to American Civic Culture
      • What are some values you associate with the American civic culture?
      MATTHEW J. LEE/Boston Globe/Landov
    • Introduction to American Civic Culture
      • Four elements of American civic culture
      • Individualism
      • Religion
      • Patriotism
      • Civilian community service
    • Power and the Individual: Individualism
      • Characteristics of American individualism
      • Self-reliance and individual responsibility
      • Favor individual rights
      • Belief that economic competition is good
      • Modest social programs as compared to other nations
    • Power and the Individual: Reformism
      • In the 19 th century, people were concerned about the increasing power that political party machines, wealthy financiers, and corporations exerted in government.
      • As a result, the Progressive movement grew in opposition to those forces.
    • Power and the Individual: Reformism
      • Progressive movement ideas
      • Concentration of power was the threat
      • Need to reform electoral processes
      • Award government jobs based on the civil service system, not political appointees
    • Religion and American Politics
      • With a constitutional guarantee of the separation of church and state, why do you believe religion has been able to be so influential in American politics?
    • Myths and Misinformation
      • On America, Alexis de Tocqueville has been quoted as stating that he did not “understand the secret of her genius and power” until he visited American churches.
      • Tocqueville was misquoted, but that statement is still used today because of its adaptability to different causes.
    • Religion and American Politics: Born in Mission
      • The Pilgrims came to America seeking religious freedom and drafted the Mayflower Compact to establish a “civil body politick.”
      • The Puritans soon followed and many religious denominations have their roots in the Puritan reform movement.
    • Religion and American Politics: Revolution and Founding
      • Religious ideas in early America
      • First Great Awakening
      • Enlightenment
      • Deism
    • Religion and American Politics: Slavery and Civil Rights
      • Religious beliefs influenced both pro-slavery and anti-slavery movements.
      • The Second Great Awakening focused on issues related to social improvement and moral reform, and abolishing slavery was an important goal of many during this movement.
    • Religion and American Politics: Individual Conduct
      • Religious beliefs affected opinions on
      • Prohibition of alcohol
      • Plural marriage
      • Abortion rights
    • Religion and Politics
    • Religion and American Politics: Education
      • How has religion affected education?
      • Many private universities have religious backgrounds
      • Northwest Ordinance linked religion with education
      • Scopes trial brought issues of religion and public education to national political agenda
    • Religion and American Politics: Social Welfare
      • The Social Gospel movement stressed the role that religion should play in charitable work and solving social problems such as poverty and child labor.
      • The ideas of the Social Gospel movement are still alive in American politics today.
    • Religion and American Politics: Faith and Votes
      • Have religious beliefs affected voting behavior?
      • Moral Majority
      • Christian Coalition
      • Black churches
    • International Perspectives
      • Views of American religiosity
      • Europe has more secular views than America
      • 2006 poll of the British found that 82% believed that religion causes “division and tension”
      • 2005 Pew Global Attitudes Project found that many industrial nations thought that Americans were “too religious”
    • Patriotism Source: Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, “Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987–2007—Political Landscape More Favorable to Democrats,” March 22, 2007, at
    • Patriotism and Civil Religion
      • American civil religion
      • Roots are in Judeo-Christian tradition
      • Americans should seek a higher power
      • Nondenominational references to God prevalent
    • Patriotism: Symbols and Rituals
      • Many symbols and rituals of patriotism have religious traditions
      • Great Seal of the United States
      • Liberty Bell
      • Declaration of Independence display
      • Opinions on flag desecration and reciting the Pledge of Allegiance
    • Pledges and Promises
      • The Pledge of Allegiance
      • First version created in 1892 with minor changes in 1923 and 1924
      • Congress added phrase “under God” in 1954
      • For some, the pledge embodies “the relationship of community, religion and military service”
    • Patriotism and Military Service
      • Throughout history, many Americans have expressed their patriotism through military service.
      • Other motivations for military service
      • Job training and employment opportunities
      • Benefits for veterans
    • Problems of Patriotism
      • Do you believe that patriotism places greater importance on one nation over another?
      • Do you believe that cosmopolitism is a better approach? Why or why not?
    • Community Service
      • Why has community service become such an important component of American civic culture?
      • As an American do you feel an obligation to community service?
      • In what ways have citizens served their community?
    • Community Service
      • Americans have served in many ways
      • Participation in civic organizations
      • Charitable giving and volunteering
    • Community Service: Private Effort and Public Policy
      • How has the government promoted community service?
      • White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
      • Peace Corps and AmeriCorps
      • Tax exempt status to nonprofit organizations
    • Civic Culture and Deliberative Democracy
      • Issues that have affected civic culture and deliberative democracy
      • Economic and social change
      • Growth in size of government
      • Judeo-Christian religious traditions and emergence of new religious traditions due to immigration
    • Deliberation, Citizenship, and You
      • Education as responsibility
      • President Obama has emphasized the importance of higher education to the country
      • Critics have said that job training may be more important than postsecondary education
      • Are you pursuing a higher education because of a sense of obligation to the country?
    • Summary
      • Several characteristics define the American civic culture and have helped make the American experience and history unique
      • If we understand these characteristics, we will better understand many of the enduring issues and attitudes in American politics