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American federalism in the early twentieth century
Growth and Change: New Deal, War, and New Power for the Federal Government
During Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration the powers of the national government grew.
The federal government expanded its powers in regulating commerce and noncommercial activities through the decision in Wickard v. Filburn (1942).
Growth and Change: The Federal Government Assumes a Dominant Position
During the 1960s the federal government gave more funding for programs to state and local governments through categorical grants , which allowed the federal government to give specific instructions for the use of grant funds.
Growth and Change: The Federal Government Assumes a Dominant Position Source: www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2009/sheets/hist03z1.xls and www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2009/sheets/hist15z3.xls
Growth and Change: New Federalism: Revival and Turmoil
New Federalism created new tools of fiscal federalism
General revenue sharing
Mandates and unfunded mandates
Growth and Change: New Federalism: Revival and Turmoil Source: United States Offi ce of Management and Budget, Budget of the United States Government Fiscal Year 2009 at www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy09/sheets/8_3.xls
Contemporary Issues in Federalism: Of Two Minds: Devolution and Preemption
In the 1990s, devolution became a common term to refer to the shift of power from the federal government to state and local governments.
Congress moved away from devolution through enacting preemption statutes .