American Government and Politics:  Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship Chapter Seventeen Social Policy and the Welfar...
Chapter Seventeen:  Learning Objectives <ul><li>Describe the importance of FDR’s approach to laying the foundations of the...
Chapter Seventeen:  Learning Objectives <ul><li>Explain why President Clinton and Congress reformed the welfare system in ...
Chapter Seventeen:  Learning Objectives <ul><li>Identify the key issues at stake in the debate over adding prescription dr...
Chapter Seventeen:  Learning Objectives <ul><li>Explain the current controversy over education vouchers in the United Stat...
Introduction <ul><li>During the  Great Depression , President Roosevelt redefined the relationship between the federal gov...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State <ul><li>How has the welfare state grown since the early twentieth century? <...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State:  FDR’s New Deal <ul><li>New Deal programs  </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Deposi...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State:  FDR’s New Deal <ul><li>FDR also argued for a “second Bill of Rights” which...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State:  Truman’s Fair Deal <ul><li>President Truman set forth social programs know...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State:  Eisenhower’s Republicanism <ul><li>Modern Republicanism  under Eisenhower ...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State:  Johnson’s Great Society <ul><li>President Johnson declared a  war on pover...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State:  Johnson’s Great Society <ul><li>Great Society programs  </li></ul><ul><li>...
The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State:  Modern Social Welfare Policy <ul><li>Modern social welfare policies </li><...
The Welfare Debate <ul><li>Why did Congress replace the AFDC entitlement program with the TANF block grant? </li></ul><ul>...
Myths and Misinformation <ul><li>Spending for the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Data shows that over the past few decades, govern...
The Welfare Debate:  The End of the Welfare Entitlement <ul><li>The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconcili...
Pledges and Promises <ul><li>Personal responsibility contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Under TANF, states have more authority in...
The Welfare Debate:  Effects of Welfare Reform <ul><li>What are some effects of welfare reform? </li></ul><ul><li>Drop in ...
The Welfare Debate:  Effects of Welfare Reform Source: Congressional Budget Offi ce, “Changes in Participation in Means Te...
The Social Security Debate <ul><li>Does the Social Security system face a crisis in the future? </li></ul><ul><li>What are...
The Social Security Debate Source: U.S. Social Security Administration, Offi ce of Policy, “Fast Facts & Figures about Soc...
The Social Security Debate:   How Social Security is Funded <ul><li>Contributions go into the  Social Security trust fund ...
The Social Security Debate: Attempts and Social Security Reform <ul><li>In 2005, President Bush suggested Social Security ...
The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate <ul><li>How did Congress expand the Medicare program in 2003? </li></ul><ul><li>What...
The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Key Provisions of the Medicare Expansion <ul><li>Changes in 2003  </li></ul><ul><li...
The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Dissent Across Party Lines <ul><li>Republicans supported the bill because the priva...
The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Funding Medicare in the 21 st  Century <ul><li>Three ways to fund Medicare </li></u...
The School Choice Movement <ul><li>What are the elements of the modern school choice movement? </li></ul><ul><li>What are ...
The School Choice Movement: Types of School Voucher Programs <ul><li>Different types of voucher programs in the United Sta...
International Perspectives <ul><li>School choice </li></ul><ul><li>How do other nations handle education policy and school...
The School Choice Movement: Other Kinds of School Choice <ul><li>Other options for school choice </li></ul><ul><li>Tax cre...
Social Policy and Deliberative Democracy <ul><li>There was concern in early American history about creation of a welfare s...
Deliberation, Citizenship, and You <ul><li>Funding the welfare state in the twenty-first century </li></ul><ul><li>How wou...
Summary <ul><li>New Deal redefined relationship between citizens and government </li></ul><ul><li>Americans no longer deli...
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Chapter17

  1. 1. American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship Chapter Seventeen Social Policy and the Welfare State
  2. 2. Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives <ul><li>Describe the importance of FDR’s approach to laying the foundations of the welfare state </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the major developments in American social policy from the New Deal through the present </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives <ul><li>Explain why President Clinton and Congress reformed the welfare system in the 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Describe President Bush’s proposed reform of Social Security, and explain why it did not pass </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives <ul><li>Identify the key issues at stake in the debate over adding prescription drug coverage to Medicare in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the long-term funding issues that affect Social Security and Medicare </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives <ul><li>Explain the current controversy over education vouchers in the United States, and identify other innovations of the school choice movement </li></ul>Pablo Martinez Monsivais, FILE/AP Photo
  6. 6. Introduction <ul><li>During the Great Depression , President Roosevelt redefined the relationship between the federal government and citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>The programs of the New Deal set forth a welfare state , which was a new development in American political life. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State <ul><li>How has the welfare state grown since the early twentieth century? </li></ul><ul><li>What are its major programs, and why were they enacted? </li></ul>AP Photo
  8. 8. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: FDR’s New Deal <ul><li>New Deal programs </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) </li></ul><ul><li>Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) </li></ul><ul><li>Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: FDR’s New Deal <ul><li>FDR also argued for a “second Bill of Rights” which would promote “security and prosperity…for all.” </li></ul><ul><li>What are the differences between negative rights and positive rights ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Truman’s Fair Deal <ul><li>President Truman set forth social programs known as the Fair Deal , which would include national health insurance coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>Programs enacted included the National School Lunch Program and the Housing Act of 1949. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Eisenhower’s Republicanism <ul><li>Modern Republicanism under Eisenhower accepted the social welfare programs created by previous administrations, such as Social Security, unemployment insurance, labor laws, and agricultural programs. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Johnson’s Great Society <ul><li>President Johnson declared a war on poverty and was responsible for the Great Society programs that were designed to reduce poverty, improve urban America, and foster a sense of community. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Johnson’s Great Society <ul><li>Great Society programs </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Food Stamp Act of 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary and Secondary Education Act </li></ul><ul><li>Medicaid </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Modern Social Welfare Policy <ul><li>Modern social welfare policies </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental Security Income (SSI) </li></ul><ul><li>Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC0 </li></ul><ul><li>What are the differences between means-tested programs and entitlements ? </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Welfare Debate <ul><li>Why did Congress replace the AFDC entitlement program with the TANF block grant? </li></ul><ul><li>What effect did the change have on welfare rolls? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Myths and Misinformation <ul><li>Spending for the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Data shows that over the past few decades, government spending on social welfare programs has steadily increased. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Welfare Debate: The End of the Welfare Entitlement <ul><li>The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 replaced AFDC with TANF. </li></ul><ul><li>What have been some of the effects of this welfare reform? </li></ul>Stephen Jaffe/Reuters/Landov
  18. 18. Pledges and Promises <ul><li>Personal responsibility contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Under TANF, states have more authority in administering welfare programs. Most states require TANF recipients to sign a personal responsibility contract in order to receive benefits. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Welfare Debate: Effects of Welfare Reform <ul><li>What are some effects of welfare reform? </li></ul><ul><li>Drop in welfare caseload numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty rate has not dropped </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Welfare Debate: Effects of Welfare Reform Source: Congressional Budget Offi ce, “Changes in Participation in Means Tested Programs,” April 20, 2005, www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=6302&sequence=0, accessed Augusst 13, 2009.
  21. 21. The Social Security Debate <ul><li>Does the Social Security system face a crisis in the future? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the key issues in the debate over private accounts? </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Social Security Debate Source: U.S. Social Security Administration, Offi ce of Policy, “Fast Facts & Figures about Social Security, 2008,” www.ssa.gov/policy/ docs/chartbooks/fast_facts/2008/fast_facts08.html#generalinfo, accessed January 29, 2009.
  23. 23. The Social Security Debate: How Social Security is Funded <ul><li>Contributions go into the Social Security trust fund . </li></ul><ul><li>With concerns about the program, the Greenspan Commission was formed to address funding issues. </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Social Security Debate: Attempts and Social Security Reform <ul><li>In 2005, President Bush suggested Social Security reforms, which would allow for the creation of personal accounts. </li></ul><ul><li>How did the public feel about the option of personal accounts? </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate <ul><li>How did Congress expand the Medicare program in 2003? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the key issues in the debate before Congress, and why did the parties divide so sharply? </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Key Provisions of the Medicare Expansion <ul><li>Changes in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Helped with cost of prescription drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Created voluntary health savings accounts </li></ul><ul><li>Increased funding for rural health </li></ul><ul><li>Provided new coverage for preventative care </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Dissent Across Party Lines <ul><li>Republicans supported the bill because the private sector would take on a larger role of the provision of services. </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats did not support the legislation because they did not want private companies involved with Medicare. </li></ul>
  28. 28. The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Funding Medicare in the 21 st Century <ul><li>Three ways to fund Medicare </li></ul><ul><li>Payroll taxes </li></ul><ul><li>General revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Premiums and co-pays by enrollees </li></ul>
  29. 29. The School Choice Movement <ul><li>What are the elements of the modern school choice movement? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the issues and controversies in the debate over school choice? </li></ul>
  30. 30. The School Choice Movement: Types of School Voucher Programs <ul><li>Different types of voucher programs in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Low-income </li></ul><ul><li>Parents of disabled children that do not like public schools to which they are assigned </li></ul><ul><li>Families in rural areas far from public schools </li></ul>
  31. 31. International Perspectives <ul><li>School choice </li></ul><ul><li>How do other nations handle education policy and school choice programs? </li></ul><ul><li>What can the United States learn from such programs? </li></ul>
  32. 32. The School Choice Movement: Other Kinds of School Choice <ul><li>Other options for school choice </li></ul><ul><li>Tax credits for scholarships for low-income students </li></ul><ul><li>Tax credits for private school tuition </li></ul><ul><li>Charter and magnets schools, home schooling </li></ul>
  33. 33. Social Policy and Deliberative Democracy <ul><li>There was concern in early American history about creation of a welfare state. </li></ul><ul><li>Social policy in the twenty-first century </li></ul><ul><li>Helps those in need </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces risk in daily life </li></ul>
  34. 34. Deliberation, Citizenship, and You <ul><li>Funding the welfare state in the twenty-first century </li></ul><ul><li>How would you design public forms to debate changes to social welfare entitlement programs? </li></ul>Ron Edmonds/AP Photo
  35. 35. Summary <ul><li>New Deal redefined relationship between citizens and government </li></ul><ul><li>Americans no longer deliberate on whether government should provide social welfare programs, rather deliberation occurs about how to create and fund such programs </li></ul>
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