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Chapter17
 

Chapter17

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    Chapter17 Chapter17 Presentation Transcript

    • American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy, and Citizenship Chapter Seventeen Social Policy and the Welfare State
    • Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives
      • Describe the importance of FDR’s approach to laying the foundations of the welfare state
      • Identify the major developments in American social policy from the New Deal through the present
    • Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives
      • Explain why President Clinton and Congress reformed the welfare system in the 1990s
      • Describe President Bush’s proposed reform of Social Security, and explain why it did not pass
    • Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives
      • Identify the key issues at stake in the debate over adding prescription drug coverage to Medicare in 2003
      • Describe the long-term funding issues that affect Social Security and Medicare
    • Chapter Seventeen: Learning Objectives
      • Explain the current controversy over education vouchers in the United States, and identify other innovations of the school choice movement
      Pablo Martinez Monsivais, FILE/AP Photo
    • Introduction
      • During the Great Depression , President Roosevelt redefined the relationship between the federal government and citizens.
      • The programs of the New Deal set forth a welfare state , which was a new development in American political life.
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State
      • How has the welfare state grown since the early twentieth century?
      • What are its major programs, and why were they enacted?
      AP Photo
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: FDR’s New Deal
      • New Deal programs
      • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
      • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
      • Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
      • Social Security
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: FDR’s New Deal
      • FDR also argued for a “second Bill of Rights” which would promote “security and prosperity…for all.”
      • What are the differences between negative rights and positive rights ?
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Truman’s Fair Deal
      • President Truman set forth social programs known as the Fair Deal , which would include national health insurance coverage.
      • Programs enacted included the National School Lunch Program and the Housing Act of 1949.
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Eisenhower’s Republicanism
      • Modern Republicanism under Eisenhower accepted the social welfare programs created by previous administrations, such as Social Security, unemployment insurance, labor laws, and agricultural programs.
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Johnson’s Great Society
      • President Johnson declared a war on poverty and was responsible for the Great Society programs that were designed to reduce poverty, improve urban America, and foster a sense of community.
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Johnson’s Great Society
      • Great Society programs
      • Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
      • Food Stamp Act of 1964
      • Elementary and Secondary Education Act
      • Medicaid
    • The Growth and Rationale of the Welfare State: Modern Social Welfare Policy
      • Modern social welfare policies
      • Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
      • Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC0
      • What are the differences between means-tested programs and entitlements ?
    • The Welfare Debate
      • Why did Congress replace the AFDC entitlement program with the TANF block grant?
      • What effect did the change have on welfare rolls?
    • Myths and Misinformation
      • Spending for the poor
      • Data shows that over the past few decades, government spending on social welfare programs has steadily increased.
    • The Welfare Debate: The End of the Welfare Entitlement
      • The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 replaced AFDC with TANF.
      • What have been some of the effects of this welfare reform?
      Stephen Jaffe/Reuters/Landov
    • Pledges and Promises
      • Personal responsibility contracts
      • Under TANF, states have more authority in administering welfare programs. Most states require TANF recipients to sign a personal responsibility contract in order to receive benefits.
    • The Welfare Debate: Effects of Welfare Reform
      • What are some effects of welfare reform?
      • Drop in welfare caseload numbers
      • Poverty rate has not dropped
    • The Welfare Debate: Effects of Welfare Reform Source: Congressional Budget Offi ce, “Changes in Participation in Means Tested Programs,” April 20, 2005, www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=6302&sequence=0, accessed Augusst 13, 2009.
    • The Social Security Debate
      • Does the Social Security system face a crisis in the future?
      • What are the key issues in the debate over private accounts?
    • The Social Security Debate Source: U.S. Social Security Administration, Offi ce of Policy, “Fast Facts & Figures about Social Security, 2008,” www.ssa.gov/policy/ docs/chartbooks/fast_facts/2008/fast_facts08.html#generalinfo, accessed January 29, 2009.
    • The Social Security Debate: How Social Security is Funded
      • Contributions go into the Social Security trust fund .
      • With concerns about the program, the Greenspan Commission was formed to address funding issues.
    • The Social Security Debate: Attempts and Social Security Reform
      • In 2005, President Bush suggested Social Security reforms, which would allow for the creation of personal accounts.
      • How did the public feel about the option of personal accounts?
    • The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate
      • How did Congress expand the Medicare program in 2003?
      • What were the key issues in the debate before Congress, and why did the parties divide so sharply?
    • The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Key Provisions of the Medicare Expansion
      • Changes in 2003
      • Helped with cost of prescription drugs
      • Created voluntary health savings accounts
      • Increased funding for rural health
      • Provided new coverage for preventative care
    • The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Dissent Across Party Lines
      • Republicans supported the bill because the private sector would take on a larger role of the provision of services.
      • Democrats did not support the legislation because they did not want private companies involved with Medicare.
    • The Medicare Prescription Drug Debate: Funding Medicare in the 21 st Century
      • Three ways to fund Medicare
      • Payroll taxes
      • General revenues
      • Premiums and co-pays by enrollees
    • The School Choice Movement
      • What are the elements of the modern school choice movement?
      • What are the issues and controversies in the debate over school choice?
    • The School Choice Movement: Types of School Voucher Programs
      • Different types of voucher programs in the United States
      • Low-income
      • Parents of disabled children that do not like public schools to which they are assigned
      • Families in rural areas far from public schools
    • International Perspectives
      • School choice
      • How do other nations handle education policy and school choice programs?
      • What can the United States learn from such programs?
    • The School Choice Movement: Other Kinds of School Choice
      • Other options for school choice
      • Tax credits for scholarships for low-income students
      • Tax credits for private school tuition
      • Charter and magnets schools, home schooling
    • Social Policy and Deliberative Democracy
      • There was concern in early American history about creation of a welfare state.
      • Social policy in the twenty-first century
      • Helps those in need
      • Reduces risk in daily life
    • Deliberation, Citizenship, and You
      • Funding the welfare state in the twenty-first century
      • How would you design public forms to debate changes to social welfare entitlement programs?
      Ron Edmonds/AP Photo
    • Summary
      • New Deal redefined relationship between citizens and government
      • Americans no longer deliberate on whether government should provide social welfare programs, rather deliberation occurs about how to create and fund such programs