Nanotechnology: New Prospects for Jobs in Houston, Texas

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Dr. Wade Adams, Executive Director, Richard Smalley Institute of Nanoscale Science and Technology presented at the High Tech Conference and Career Fair, Lone Star College-Montgomery, September 24, …

Dr. Wade Adams, Executive Director, Richard Smalley Institute of Nanoscale Science and Technology presented at the High Tech Conference and Career Fair, Lone Star College-Montgomery, September 24, 2009. The event was co-hosted by the Business and Social Sciences Division. Contact Tonya Britton, tonya.m.britton@lonestar.edu for information.

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  • 1. Nanotechnology - New Prospects for Jobs in Houston
    Wade Adams
    Director
  • 2. What is Nanotechnology?
    Molecular Engineering?
    Nanobots?
    Science Fiction
  • 3. C60-wheel-assisted motions
    Pivot
    motion
    Pivot &
    Linear
    motion
    No lateral
    motion
    Pseudo-1D Brownian motion
    Y. Shirai, K. Kelly
  • 4. Motorized NanoCar – Light Power!
    Carborane wheel
  • 5. Nanobackhoe Operation
    J. Guerrero
  • 6. Nanotrain Synthesis
    T. Sasaki
  • 7. 全体構造図
    Nanotransporters
    Understanding Nanoscale Componentry
    Motor
    Cargo Transport
    Fuel
    Sensors/Actuators
    Wheels
    δ+
    Directionality
    δ-
    Suspension
    Axle/Bearings
  • 8. Nano-Hummer, The New H3
  • 9. iPod Nano
    Apple's new Nano music player has several features that are not found in other iPods, such as the ability to display the lyrics of whatever song is now playing.
    If your eyes are good enough to read them!
    Paul Sakuma/Associated Press
  • 10. Reality of Nanotech
    Hard drives
    Sunscreens
    Automotive catalysts
    Car bumpers
    Paints and coatings
    Tennis balls and racquets
    Stain-resistant clothing
    New cancer therapies
    http://www.nanotechproject.org/inventories/consumer/
  • 11. Nurturing Nanoscience into Nanotechnology
    NNI
    DOD Nano SRA
    DARPA ULTRA
    ONR PINS ARI
    * Roco, Journal of Nanoparticle Research 2004
    ** Science Citation Index Expanded, ISI Web of Science
    Murday, NRL #206 10/02
  • 12. Global Participation in Nanoscience
    Sweden
    297/320
    Germany
    1949/2282/2429
    Russia
    854/1025/1128
    Canada
    382/545
    England
    906/1000
    Israel
    273/253
    Japan
    2289/3002/3350
    France
    1317/1561
    USA
    5395/6149/7850
    China
    2474/3493/4618
    Switzerland
    372/369
    Korea
    760/1103/1466
    Italy
    631/829
    Taiwan
    282/465/706
    Mexico
    166/218
    India
    461/650/862
    Singapore
    209/277/439
    Brazil
    285/311
    Australia
    236/348/416
    CY2002/03/04 PUBLICATION COUNT
    (By Keyword Nano*)
    Total Worldwide- 18539/24208 /28177_
    Science Citation Index of 5300 Journals
  • 13. FIGURE 3: THE U.S. CURRENTLY LEADS THE WORLD IN GOVERNMENT R&D INVESTMENT, WITH A LITTLE OVER 25% OF THE TOTAL
    Investment ($ Millions)
    Share of global investment
    Source: Jim Murday, NanoBusiness Alliance Analysis
  • 14. THE GOOD NEWS: THE U.S. IS CURRENTLY LEADING THE WORLD IN KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT
    Share of Nanotech Publications (2004)
    Share of High Impact Nanotech Publications (2004)
    Source: Jim Murday, NanoBusiness Alliance Analysis
  • 15. THE BAD NEWS: THE LEAD HAS BEEN ERODING
    U.S. Share of Nanotech Publications (‘91-’04)
    U.S. Share of High Impact Publications (‘91-’04)
    Source: Mike Roco, R&D II Workshop Presentation; NanoBusiness Alliance Analysis
  • 16. EXPECTATIONS FOR NANOTECH ARE HIGH…
    Source: CMP Cientifica, NanoBusiness Alliance. Evolution Capital, NSF, In Realis, McKinsey analysis
  • 39. Information and Communications
    Energy
    quantum
    computing
    long-distance
    electricity
    transportation
    portable
    energy cells
    memory
    storage
    devices
    lighting
    molecular
    circuitry
    solar farms
    in space
    solar
    cells
    fuel
    cells
    displays
    composites
    batteries
    high-strength
    low-weight
    composites
    smart
    textiles
    medical
    diagnostics
    smart
    implants
    space
    elevator
    drug
    delivery
    1-3
    morph-
    materials
    tissue/organ
    regeneration
    smart
    composites
    4-6
    personalized
    medicine
    7-9
    Aerospace
    Medical
    10+
    years
    Nano – Where it’s going
    Where will the Nano Discoveries take place over the next 10 years?
  • 40. Nanotechnology Workforce Initiative for Houston - NWIH2007 Micro Nano Breakthrough Conference – Portland, Oregon 2007 E.C. Teague NNCO
    What Is Nanotechnology?
    New ISO Working Definition:
    Nanotechnology is the application of scientific knowledge to the control and use of matter at the nanoscale, where size related phenomena and processes may occur.
    Research and technology development aimed to understand and control matter at dimensions of approximately 1 - 100 nanometer – the nanoscale
    Ability to understand, create, and use structures, devices and systems that have fundamentally new properties and functions because of their nanoscale structure
    Ability to image, measure, model, and manipulate matter on the nanoscale to exploit those properties and functions
    Ability to integrate those properties and functions into systems spanning from nano- to micro- to macro-scopic scales
    “Anything is nanotechnology that, under the rubric of nanotechnology,makes money.”
    Rice Alliance Technology Entrepreneurship Workshop, October 2002
    Nanoarea Electron Diffraction of DW Carbon Nanotube – Zuo, et.al
    Corral of Fe Atoms – D. Eigler
  • 41. One Human Hair = 100,000 Nanometers Thick
    SUNY-Albany, A. Kaloyeros
  • 42. Nanotechnology
    bulk scaling
    R
    x
    Bulk Gold = Yellow
    atomic
    Nanogold = Red
    Size
    Numbers
    Surface Area (S/V)
    Quantum Effects
  • 43. Plenty of Room at the Bottom Richard P. Feynman December 1959  
    www.its.caltech.edu/~feynman/plenty.html
  • 44. Atomic Force Microscopy
    And Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
    Binnig & Rohrer – STM 1981
    Nobel Prize – 1986!!
  • 45. Professor Richard E. Smalley1943 - 2005Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996
    25th Anniversary of
    Buckyball
    October 10-12, 2010
    6-week summer project in 1985
    2-page paper in Nature
    - with -
    Robert F. Curl
    - and -
    Harold
    Kroto
    Carbon-60 Molecule
    A.K.A.
    fullerene
    • Buckyball
  • National Nanotechnology ProgramWhite House – November 2003
    Lonely Academic
  • 47. Smalley Institute Vision
    We lead the world in solving the most pressing problems of humanity through application of nanotechnology.
  • 48. Richard E. Smalley Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology
    *1993 - Conceived by Prof. Richard Smalley &approved by Board of Governors as CNST – 1st in the world
    *1993 – Fundraising by Rice ($37M)
    *1996 – Curl/Smalley win Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    *1997 – New building is dedicated – Dell Butcher Hall
    *2002 –New CNST Director arrives at Rice from AFRL
    *2005 – Name changed to honor Richard Smalley
  • 49. Smalley Institute: Virtual Organization Across Rice – 1993 (1st in world!)
    Biochem & Cell Biology
    History
    www.nano.rice.edu
    Wade Adams, Director
    Vicki Colvin, Co-Director
    Carlos Garcia, Director of Administration
    John Marsh, Director of Operations
    Gloria Funderburg, SEA Operations
    Wendi Schoffstall, Coordinator
    Addy Saenz, Accounting
    140+ faculty members
    Anthropology
    Chem
    Smalley
    Institute
    Phys
    MEMS
    CAAM
    CEE
    BioE
    ECE
    ChE
    Philosophy
    Earth Science
    Economics
    Jones School of Management
    Advocate Research External Interactions
    Support Faculty IP, Licensing & Start-ups
    Raise Funds Local - international Infrastructure meetings
    Seminars Symposia
    Collaboration Educational Outreach
    Nanotech Service
    Dell Butcher Hall
  • 50. There have been more than 30 Rice related start-up companies over the past 8 years (top ten in start-ups/research $)
    1. Advanced Biosciences*- (Matsuda)
    Advanced Reality* - (Ruths- grad student)
    Applied NanoFluorescence- (Weisman)
    Aristan Medical - (Athanasiou)
    BetaBatt - (Engel)
    6. BioSonic – (Liebschner)
    7. Cambrios (affiliated company)- (Smalley)
    8. CNI (now Unidym)- (Smalley, Hauge, et al.)
    9. Desmogen*- (Mikos)
    10. Ensysce Biosciences- (Weisman, Wilson)
    11. Glycos Biotechnology- (Gonzalez)
    12. Houston Medical Robotics- (O’Malley)
    13. itRobotics- (Ghorbel)
    14. LaserGen (BCM with Rice)- (BCM-Metzger; Rice-Curl)
    15. Mass Specific Force- (Weyand)
    16. Molecular Electronics Corp. (inactive)- (Tour)
    17. MTPE (Museums Teaching Planet Earth) (Reiff)
    NanoComposites (Tour)
    Nanopartz (Zubarev)
    20. NanoRidge (Barrera et al.)
    21. Nanospectra Biosciences (West and Halas)
    22. Nano 3D Biosciences (Killian and Rafael)
    23. NatCore (Barron)
    24. NewCyte (Barron)
    25. Oxane Materials (Barron)
    26. ProMedior (Gomer)
    27. Solterra (Wong)
    28. Somatogen* -(Olson)
    29. Trellis* (affiliated company)- (Gomer)
    30. Vanguard Solar – (Barron)
    31. Xilas Medical (affiliated company)- (Athanasiou)
    Carbon
    Nanotechnologies
    Incorporated
    Nanospectra Biosciences
    * inactive
  • 51. Nano-science & industry report card: what are we missing?
    Science &
    Expertise
    Ready & Able Workforce
    Industry
    Drive &
    Resources
    Economic Outcome
    Rice
    • Ideas that are applicable
    • 52. Proven research ability
    • 53. Existing knowledge base and Intellectual Property
    Energy:
    Halliburton
    Shell
    BP
    Aerospace:
    Lockheed Martin
    Johnson Space Center
    Health Sciences:
    Nanospectra Biosciences
    Market for
    &
    Delivery of Nano Products
    Nano-technology Workforce Gap
    Consortia between Academia & Industry
    HCCS, UH
    • Ability to teach
    • 54. Ability to develop curriculum
    Conceive
    Develop
    Commercialize
    Deliver
  • 55. Nanotechnology Workforce Gap
    We are now producing Masters- and Ph.D-level talent in Nanotechnology
    We will continue to need that type of talent, but the drive to commercialize will be fueled by technicians
    Why? It takes a tremendous number of lab hours to take Ph.D concepts and develop products and scale-up processes from them
    The conclusion is simple: without technicians, we will not reach our economic goals in Nanotechnology
  • 56. How do we close the workforce gap?
    Start with the employers! What do you need now? What are you going to need in five years?
    Retrain existing employees? Hire new talent?
    What levels?
    Technician’s Certification
    AA
    BS, MS, Ph.D
    What areas?
    Nanomaterials and Characterization
    Nanoelectronics
    Nanophotonics?
  • 57. What: build our workforce to match the new jobs in emerging technology
    Nanomaterials: producing science and engineering jobs today
    Schlumberger needs to hire 6,000 engineers in next 2-3 years; many in Houston
    Lockheed Martin ramping up to produce next-generation space vehicles
    Both Energy and Aerospace now using nanomaterials
    Lockheed Martin and Schlumberger looking for Nano-educated technical workers NOW: if they can’t find the workers in Texas, they will be forced to hire them from the outside or move the jobs out of Texas.
    We have a lead in Nano research and early commercialization:
    We need Nano-workers so we can take that lead into mainstream industry
  • 58. Nanotechnology Education in Texas
    Nanotechnology Specific Programs
    Degrees with Nanotechnology Emphasis
    • Materials Science
    • 59. Engineering
    • 60. Chemistry & Physics
    • 61. Biosciences & Bioengineering
    • 62. Environmental Studies
    • 63. Management & Entrepreneurship
    University of Texas
    Austin, Arlington, Dallas, Health Science Center Houston, El Paso, San Antonio
    University of Houston
    Texas A&M
    Texas Tech
    Rice University
    • Associates – 2 years
    • 64. Bachelors – 4 years
    • 65. Masters – BA/BS +2 years
    • 66. Doctorates – BA/BS +4-6 years
  • Nanotechnology Workforce Development Initiative – Dallas area
    • lay the foundation for a truly innovative and effective partnership to produce a highly qualified and talented workforce for the growing demands of nanotechnology
    • 67. play a significant role in supplying the workforce necessary to create and deploy the new class of services and products being created by the nanotechnology industry
    • 68. serve as a model for these community colleges and other nanotechnology companies to develop partnerships to produce the best nanotechnology workers here in Texas, thus giving employers a key competitive advantage against companies located throughout the world
    University of Texas – Dallas
    Texas State Technical College – Waco
    Del Mar College of Corpus Christi
    Baylor University
    Richland College
    Zyvex Corporation
    Sematech
  • 69. Texas Workforce Development
    ACC NanoScholar Internship Program
    SEMATECH, Austin Community College, Texas State Technical College
  • 70. Jobs
    Nanotechnology Technician
    May 12, 2009 recognized by Texas Skills Standards Board
    $23.00-30.00 per hour
    building, installing, maintaining, repairing
    probing and nanolithography systems, supporting nano-scale product development, and manufacturing nano-scale product
  • 71.
  • 72. Jobs
    Associates Degree
    Instrument Manufacturing Technician
    Research Technician
    Bachelors Degree
    Quality Specialist
    Production Planning Manager
    Mechanical & Electrical Engineers
    Training Manager
    Operations Manager
    Business Coordinator
    Masters/Doctorate Degree
    Research Fellow
    Senior Scientist/Engineer
    Professor
    Program Director
  • 79. Smalley Institute Focus
    Nano in Energy (AEC++)
    NanoHealth (CBEN+ANH+CPINE)
    NanoMaterials for Aerospace
    SWNT (CNL+)
    NanoPhotonics (LANP)
    NanoElectronics (Texas NRI, TxAN)
    Social/Ethical/Environmental/Toxicological Issues (CBEN+)
    Nanoscience/Nanoengineering
    Nanoeducation
  • 80. Even Our Grad Students are Special!
    Grad Student Author!!
    Rich Booker (Smalley group)
    Autographs available!
  • 81. NanoBusiness Resources
  • 82. Smalley Institute Client & Collaborative Organizations
    “Owned”
    By Rice
    Rice is
    integral
    Nanomaterials
    Application Center
    At Texas State University
    San Marcos
    Rice is
    one of many
    participants
    HARC
    Houston Advanced
    Research Center
  • 83. Provides major equipment to Rice and others
    Now supports over 70 instruments
    Full spectrum of equipment – TEM to NMR
    Recent adds – X-ray and Mass Spec
    39 External Users, simple authorization process Pay fair fees for usage
    Expert operator time extra,
    if needed
    Model for NSF, Texas Virtual Lab
    Website sea.rice.edu
  • 84. Center for Biological & Environmental Nanotechnology
    Research at the Wet/Dry Interface
    Prof. Vicki Colvin
    Director
    Prof. Richard Smalley
    Founding Director
    Dr. Kristen Kulinowski
    Executive Director
    cben.rice.edu
    Nanotechnology Workforce Initiative for Houston - NWIH
  • 85. Nano-Bio: 21st Century Medicine
    • Medical Diagnosis
    • 86. Medical Therapeutics
    • 87. Tissue Replacement
    NanoX
    How can functional bio-nano objects be used to affect the health of organisms?
    Bionanoconjugate
    (BNC)
  • 88. Nanoshell-Assisted Tumor Ablation
    20nm
    Professors Naomi Halas and Jennifer West
  • 89. Nanoshell-Assisted TumorAblation
    Antibody ligands on nanoshells match receptor sites specific to targeted cancer cells.
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Target
    Cancer Cell
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    External Laser
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    • PI: Dr. Jennifer West (Rice Bioengineering)
    • 90. Dr. Naomi Halas (Rice ECE )
    • 91. Dr. John Hazle (MDACC)
    • 92. Investigating use of Rice invention (nanoshells) for highly specific, minimally invasive cancer therapy
    • 93. Funded by NSF
    • 94. Licensed by Nanospectra Biosciences, Inc.
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Y
    Nanoshells
    Absorb in IR
    Demonstrated in Mice
    The inside joke is that the treated mice lived much longer than budgeted and have become a financial and accounting embarrassment.
  • 95. Dr. Mauro Ferrari
    Director
    Dr. Jason Sakamoto
    Chief Operating Officer
  • 96. The GoodNanoGuide
    Protected Internet site on occupational practices for the safe handling of nanomaterials
    Multiple stakeholders contribute, share and discuss information
    Modern, interactive, up-to-date
    http://GoodNanoGuide.org
    49
  • 97.
  • 98. New Corporate Aerospace Research Center
    Announced April 2008 – 1st ever for LM Co.
    Initial Agreement $1 million/year over three years
    Seed money for research projects – those that become promising may “graduate” to Business Area funding – incremental to the $1M/year
    Single corporate backer rather than consortium
    Includes Rice short courses both technical & info
    Lockheed hires 5% of all new US engineers
  • 99. Space Systems
    Materials
    Sensors
    Power
    Nanotechnology in Lockheed Martin
    • Distributed Sensor Systems
    • 100. Modeling and Simulation
    • 101. Integrated Platforms
    • 102. Ultra Lightweight Structure
    • 103. Smart Structures
    Information Systems and
    Global Services
    Control Algorithms for Missions
    Electronic Systems
    Aero
    Materials
    Materials
    Sensors
    Sensors
    Platforms
  • 104. U. S. Air Force Research Laboratory University of Texas - DallasUniversity of Texas - AustinUniversity of Texas - ArlingtonUniversity of Texas - Pan AmericanUniversity of Texas - BrownsvilleUniversity of HoustonRice University
    CONTACT
    Nanotechnology for the Air Force,
    Aerospace, and Commerce
    Jack Agee,
    Executive Director, CONTACT Program
    Rice University
    jackagee@rice.edu
  • 105.
  • 106. Humanity’s Top Ten Problemsfor next 50 years
    ENERGY
    WATER
    FOOD
    ENVIRONMENT
    POVERTY
    TERRORISM & WAR
    DISEASE
    EDUCATION
    DEMOCRACY
    POPULATION
    2003 6.5 Billion People
    2050 8-10 Billion People
  • 107. Global Energy Use
    Energy Use (Quadrillion Btu)
    Asia & Oceania
    United States
    Europe
    Coal
    Eurasia
    Oil
    87% Fossil Fuels
    Gas
    Central & South America
    Nuclear
    Middle East
    All Other
    Canada & Mexico
    Africa
    0
    20
    40
    60
    80
    100
    120
    140
    160
    Quadrillion Btu
    1 Quad ~ 1 Exajoule ~ 1 Tcf ~ 170 mmbo (~ 33 GWY)
    Data: EIA, October 2007
    Scott Tinker – UT Austin BEG
  • 108. Very Conservative!
    World Energy
    Estimates of 21st century world energy supplies (billion barrels oil equivalent), with estimated energy demand and world population (2000)
  • 109. Why Houston MUST care about Nano
    Oil & Gas: Hugely important to Texas – economic life-blood of Houston
    What do we do when it declines?
    We can’t afford to become another Tulsa
  • 110. Energy @ Rice
    00
    (zero consumption, zero emissions)
    Renewable fuels
    Unconventional resources
    Enhanced recovery
    Dig a hole in the ground
    Solar (wind, nuclear)
    Transmission (Q-SWNT)
    Fuel cells, biofuels
    Gas hydrates, tar sands, shale
    Sensors, imaging, proppants
    Control, corrosion
    Long term
    Medium term
    Near term
    Present
    Public policy & environmental/health throughout
  • 111. UT Austin
    Rice University
    10 Industry Members
  • 112. BP
    BakerHughes
    ConocoPhillips
    Halliburton
    Marathon
    Occidental
    Schlumberger
    Shell
    Total
    Petrobras
  • 113. Global Potential of Available Renewables and Fossil Fuels
    www.hessen-nanotech.de
  • 114. Smalley Energy Vision
  • 115. Why Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes?
    MOLECULAR PERFECTION & EXTREME PERFORMANCE
    The Strongest Fiber Possible.
    Selectable Electrical Properties
    Metallic Tubes Better Than Copper
    Semiconductors Better Than InSb or GaAs
    Thermal Conductivity of Diamond.
    The Unique Chemistry of Carbon.
    The Scale and Perfection of DNA.
    The Ultimately Versatile Engineering Material.
  • 116. The biggest single challenge for the next few decades:
    ENERGY
    for 1010 people
    • At MINIMUMwe need 10 Terawatts (150 M BOE/day)
    from some new clean energy source by 2050
    • For worldwide energy prosperity and peace we need it to be cheap.
    • 117. We simply can not do this with current technology.
    • 118. We need Boys and Girls to enter Physical Science and Engineering as they did after Sputnik.
    • 119. Inspire in them a sense of MISSION
    ( BE A SCIENTIST --- SAVE THE WORLD )
    • We need a bold new APOLLO PROGRAM
    to find the NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
  • 120. Roadblocks
    Vision without funding is hallucination.
    Da Hsuan Feng – UT Dallas
    Vision without hardware is delusion.
    Lockheed engineer
  • 121. From the age of Space to the age of Medicine
    Age of Energy?
  • 122. Rick Smalley with his favorite students: anyone, any age!!
  • 123. Class of2030
  • 124. ArchitectureShanghai EXPO 2010
    Horst Adams, BAYER
  • 125. Building & Construction
    Horst Adams, BAYER
  • 126. New horizons in architecture
    Horst Adams, BAYER
  • 127. Nanotechnology solution?
  • 128. BE A SCIENTIST -- SAVE THE WORLD
  • 129. BE AN ENGINEER -- SAVE THE WORLD
  • 130. Rice NanoFANS Members Receive
    advance notice of and reserved seating at Smalley Institute seminars and events
    improved access to nano research at Rice
    invitations to private receptions with faculty and distinguished guests
    quarterly e-newsletters highlighting nano at Rice and around the world
    event sponsorship opportunities
    tours of Rice nano facilities
    Rice NanoFANS Members Support
    distinguished seminars
    awards for outstanding theses
    annual events
    exceptional undergraduate research
    K-12 and continuing education programs
    Rice NanoFANSFriends Advancing NanoSciencenano.rice.edu
    Aims to educate the public about nanotechnology and its impact on society and to provide a conduit for companies to learn about and integrate nanotechnological advances.