George Washington –Precedent of Presidents A Coach Odom Production
Question to consider:A question of leadership:Is it more important to have a leader of average ability, but whois popular and well-respected among his peers, or to have aleader who may not be very popular or as well-liked, but is farmore capable of doing the job?
George Washington:● General in charge of American Army during Revolution.● Extremely popular during and after the war.● Well-respected for his bravery, physical presence, manners, and sense of duty.● First and only unanimous choice as the first President.
Precedent:● something done or said that may serve as an example.● Washington and everyone around him was well-aware that he was setting an example for future presidents to follow, he was a "precedent for Presidents."
Washington’s Precedent-cy● Chose a group of advisors (called a ________) to help him run the country.● Washington chose Secretaries of State, ______, ________, an _________ General and a _______ General.● Today, presidents choose many more Secretaries, but the “original five" remain.
The Cabinet● Washington chose secretaries that were both Federalists (Alexander Hamilton – Treasury) and Anti-Federalists (Thomas Jefferson – State).● In recent years, Presidents Clinton, Bush and Obama have also appointed cabinet members from both parties.
Washington’s most important precedent:●He did not run for a third term.● Washington’s tradition of a two-term limit on the presidency was observed until 1940.● In 1951, the 22nd Amendment was ratified, legally limiting the president to 2 four-year terms (8 years). Washington’s precedent became law.
Another "First"During Washingtons time in office, the two-party system was born.Federalists - The original supporters of the Constitution. Favored astrong central government, manufacturing and trade interests, and aloose interpretation of the Constitution.Democratic-Republicans - The old Anti-Federalists. Favored strongstate governments, farming and agricultural interests, and a strictinterpretation of the Constitution.Traditionally, the U.S. has maintained a strictly "two-party"system. Most "third parties" are dissatisfied members of one of thetwo major parties and are eventually re-absorbed into the old party, orgo to the other side.
Federalist - Alexander Hamilton-First Secretary of Treasury-Believed in a strong centralgovernment with a professional army.-Created the U.S. Mint and established monetary demoniations. Isconsidered the Father of the American Economic System-Created the U.S. Coast Guard to collect duties and tariffs.
Hamilton and the National DebtHamilton supported government assumption of the nationaldebt, where the U.S. government would take over all of thestates war debts and pay them off with Federal money.In doing this, Hamilton was trying to build up the U.S.governments credit so that other nations would be willing toloan it money. It would also free up the states money to gotowards other projects.This idea was opposed in the South because many Southernstates had already paid off most of their debts (because theydidnt have to borrow as much as the North did).
Cabinet Member - Thomas JeffersonFirst Secretary of State, SecondVice-President and Third Presidentof the United StatesSupported strong state governments andan a part-time army of citizen-soldiers(militia) trained by full-time professionalofficers.Resigned as Sectretary of State in 1793 because of differenceswith Hamilton over just about everything.Oversaw the creation of the Democratic-Republican Party tooppose the Federalists.