1629 - Massachusetts BayPuritans in England became convinced that Gods judgementwas about to fall on "sinful" England.Led by John Winthrop, the Puritans set up the MassachusettsBay Colony, which would serve as, in Winthrops words, a "cityon a hill" (a quote he took from Jesus Sermon on the Mount).The Puritan Church was the only church allowed, and thechurch had legal authority over the people. There were lawsagainst missing church on the sabbath, public drunkeness and"immorality." Punishments ranged from public humiliation,whippings, banishment, and death.
Puritan punishmentsStocks and pillories(reserved for publichumiliation)Dunking stools (fordisrespectful or gossipingwomen)Letter-wearing or branding.Whippings and beatingsDeath
Colonies that came about throughdissent.Rhode Island: Founded in 1632 by Roger Williams, whodisagreed with the Puritans over the issue of infant baptism.Was the first colony to allow all religions to freely practice, otjust Christians.Connecticut: Founded by Thomas Hooker, who felt that theChurch and too many unelected officials had too much powerin Massachusetts. Connecticut was the first colony governedby a written constitution, the Fundamental Orders ofConnecticut, which limited the powers of the government.
The importance?These colonies...Established the idea and importance of religious freedom.Established the idea of government by mutually agreed-uponlaws.Established the idea of government limited by laws.
Together....The Massachusetts (comprised of Maine, Massachusetts andPlymouth), Connecticut, Rhode Island, andNew Hampshire colonies were known as theNew England Colonies.from the name given to the Charter for the original PlymouthColony (Plymouth Company of New England).Characteristics include:Ocean-based industries (fishing, shipping)Manufacturing