European americapart2
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European americapart2

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European americapart2 European americapart2 Presentation Transcript

  • European America
  • European Claims in the Western Hemisphere
  • Colonial Powers Major Players: Spain Britain France Minor Players: The Netherlands (New Netherland, Aruba, Curacao, Guiana) Portugal (Brazil) Russia (Alaska)
  • The Northwest Passage Britain, France and the Netherlands all began looking for a waterway through or around North America in the 1500s. In the process, all three made land claims on North America. In the early 1600s, they began colonizing. Britain (Jamestown, 1607) France (Quebec, 1608) Netherlands (Ft. Albany, 1611)
  • Characteristics of Spanish Colonies Location: Modern-day Southwestern U.S., Florida, Central America & the Caribbean, most of South America. Religion: Catholic (strictly enforced). Economy: Mining and Large-scale plantation agriculture. Society: Four Social Classes (in order from highest to lowest): Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos/Mulattos, Slaves/Native Americans
  • Characteristics of British Colonies Location: Atlantic Coast of North America with small presence in the Caribbean (Jamaica, the Bahamas) Religion: Protestant (strictly enforced in some places, not in others) Economy: Trade and agriculture (large-scale plantation-based where feasible). Society: Self-Rule leads to a more mobile society (for European males) in the north. Slavery and the plantation system was institutionalized in the South.
  • Characteristics of French colonies Location: St. Lawrence River (Canada), Great Lakes, Mississippi River, Gulf Coast. Haiti & a few Caribbean Islands. Religion: Catholic, strictly enforced. Economy: Fur trade in the North, Sugar and plantation agriculture in the South and the Caribbean. Society: the focus on the fur trade led to a high degree of intermarriage between Frenchmen and Native Americans.
  • Conflicts Britain vs. France/Britain vs. Netherlands: for control of the fur trade in the Hudson River Valley and the Great Lakes Region. Conflicts in the Caribbean erupted frequently between all nations involved over trade.
  • Conclusion: These conflicts between the colonial powers will eventually lead 13 of Britain’s North American colonies to rebel against British rule, which leads to the creation of the United States.