Andrew Jackson• Born into a poor frontier family.• Orphaned at 15.• Practiced law.• Became famous because of his service in the War of 1812; at the Battle of New Orleans.• A “self-made” man.
Average Andrew Jackson SupporterMost likely lived in the South,West, or in rural areas.Was most likely to be amodest farmer with littleformal education.Probably did not like Indiansvery much.Unless he was very religious, What free time he had wasprobably spent shooting dice, playing cards or at the localtavern having whiskey with his buddies.
Why Jackson’s supporters liked him.• He was a poor man who “made it.”• He was a war hero.• He stood up against the same people they were against (Indians, big business, banks, rich people).• He was their idea of what the U.S. was all about (being able to be successful despite being born poor).
Why his opponents didn’t like him.• Thought he acted like a king by vetoing what Congress passed.• Accused him of corruption because of his use of the spoils system and the "kitchen cabinet."• Didn’t like him trying to do away with the Bank of the United States or his anti-business and industry policies.• Many Indians didn’t like his policy of removal.
TWO MAIN CRISES• Nullification• Bank of the United States Charter
Crisis 1: Nullification• 1828 – Congress passes a protective tariff to protect Northern manufacturers. Southern planters, who traded cotton for European manufactured goods, would have to pay more for those goods. I have sauerkraut in my lederhosen.• 1832 – Congress slightly lowers the tariff. Unsatisfied, South Carolina passes the Nullification Act, declaring the tariff illegal.
Jackson’s response• Jackson asked Congress to pass the Force Bill, giving him permission to use the Army to enforce the tariff.• Faced with Jackson, and lacking the support of any other states, South Carolina Senator John C. Calhoun accepted an even lower compromise tariff, sponsored by Henry Clay.• …but this is not the end of states’ rights issues
Crisis #2: The Bank War• The Bank of the United States was up for renewal in 1836.• Clay, and Daniel Webster, two of Jackson’s opponents, wanted to make the Bank an issue in the 1832 election and pushed an early renewal bill through Congress.• Jackson vetoed the bill and Nicholas Biddle, the Bank president, raised interest rates and began rejecting loans.
Jackson’s response:• After winning reelection in a landslide, Jackson withdrew all government funds from the Bank of the United States, which killed the Bank. He then deposited the funds in certain state banks that Jacksons opponents called "Pet Banks.“
Jacksons aftermath.Jacksons Vice-President, Martin Van Buren, rode Jacksonspopularity and was elected in 1836.Van Buren inherited a bad economy, brought on by the finalcollapse of the Bank of the United States.The Whigs exploited Van Burens weaknesses in the 1840election and ran their own war hero, William Henry Harrison,who won in a landslide.
Jacksons legacyMississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Michigan, Ohio, NorthCarolina, South Carolina and Tennessee all have cities,counties or geographic features of some sort named afterAndrew Jackson.