The Anatomy of an Electronic Discussion      List for Librarians, KUTUP-L:   Bibliometric and Content Analyses            ...
Outline   •    Theoretical framework   •    Methodology   •    Findings and Discussion   •    Conclusions                 ...
Theoretical framework   •     Computer mediated communication   •     Electronic mail   •     Discussion lists   •     Blo...
Data and methods - I• Descriptive statistics    – Data source: KUTUP-L: An electronic      discussion list for Turkish lib...
Data and methods - II• Content analysis of postings      – Based on a stratified sample of c. 1,000 postings      – Intent...
Findings                                                    -6ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
Average number of monthly postings (1994-2008)                                                    -7ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June...
Authors’ productivity by gender                                   Authors                   Messages     Average number   ...
Distribution of postings and power laws                                           Number     Bibliometric       Number of ...
Lotka’s Law                                       Expected number                                                         ...
Intent analysis of postings – I                                 (N=977)  Type of                         1995-1999        ...
Intent analysis of postings – II                               (N=977)                                      1995-1999 2000...
Subject analysis of postings (N=650)      Subjects                                     Subject 1   Subject 2   Total   %  ...
Off-topic KUTUP-L postings                                     (N=393)                                  1995-             ...
Distribution of postings by domainsDomain                 1995-1999                      2000-2004        2005-2008       ...
Conclusions• KUTUP-L is an effective communication tool• Topics of postings tend to change by years• Aspects of LIS and sc...
The Anatomy of an Electronic Discussion      List for Librarians, KUTUP-L:   Bibliometric and Content Analyses            ...
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The anatomy of an electronic discussion list for librarians, KUTUP-L: Bibliometric and content analyses of postings

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Yaşar Tonta and Doğan Karabulut, The anatomy of an electronic discussion list for librarians, KUTUP-L: Bibliometric and content analyses of postings. In Turid Hedlund and Yaşar Tonta (eds.) Publishing in the Networked World: Transforming the Nature of Communication. 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland. (pp. 234-244) Helsinki: Hanken School of Economics, 2010. (ISBN: 978-952-232-086-5).

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The anatomy of an electronic discussion list for librarians, KUTUP-L: Bibliometric and content analyses of postings

  1. 1. The Anatomy of an Electronic Discussion List for Librarians, KUTUP-L: Bibliometric and Content Analyses of Postings Yaşar Tonta Doğan Karabulut Department of Information Management Turkish Grand National Assembly Library Hacettepe University Kızılay, Ankara, Turkey tonta@hacettepe.edu.tr dogankbulut@gmail.com yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/~tonta/tonta.html -1ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  2. 2. Outline • Theoretical framework • Methodology • Findings and Discussion • Conclusions -2ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  3. 3. Theoretical framework • Computer mediated communication • Electronic mail • Discussion lists • Blogs -3ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  4. 4. Data and methods - I• Descriptive statistics – Data source: KUTUP-L: An electronic discussion list for Turkish librarians (1991-- ) – Some 20,000 KUTUP-L postings (1994-2008) – Bibliometric characteristics of postings (e.g., authors’ productivity, distribution of postings) • Pareto Law: 20% of authors post 80% of messages • Price Law: Half the messages get sent by the square root of the total number of authors • Lotka Law: 60% of authors send only 1 message while 15% send 2, 6.6% send 3, 3.75% send 4 messages and so on. -4 ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  5. 5. Data and methods - II• Content analysis of postings – Based on a stratified sample of c. 1,000 postings – Intent analysis: • Initiative vs. reflexive postings (Bellack, 1966) • Postings requesting information, transferring information and discussing a topic (Berman, 1996) – Subject analysis • Analysis of each posting to identify its subject(s) • Classification of each posting under subjects (Jarvelin & Vakkari, 1990, 1993) -5ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  6. 6. Findings -6ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  7. 7. Average number of monthly postings (1994-2008) -7ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  8. 8. Authors’ productivity by gender Authors Messages Average number of postings per Sex N % N % author Men 502 48 11,142 59 22 Women 547 52 7,768 41 14 Total 1049 100 18,910 100 18 -8ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  9. 9. Distribution of postings and power laws Number Bibliometric Number of Parameter of Expected % Observed % laws authors (Authors) postings Pareto 1,232 19,827 20% (246) 80% 83.5% Price 1,232 19.827 1,232 (35) 50% 49.1% Distribution fits Pareto and Price Laws. KUTUP-L has many “lurkers”. -9ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  10. 10. Lotka’s Law Expected number Expected Observed number of authors Observed percentage of # of of authors posting X percentage of authors postings posting X messages authors (%) according to messages according to Lotka’s Law Lotka’s Law 1 369 739 30.0 60.0 2 178 184 14.4 15.0 3 101 82 8.2 6.6 4 92 46 7.5 3.75 5 58 30 4.7 2.4 6 41 20 3.3 1.6 7 38 15 3.1 1.2 - 10ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  11. 11. Intent analysis of postings – I (N=977) Type of 1995-1999 2000-2004 2005-2008 Total N postings N % N % N % N % Initiatory 137 63 279 80 325 79 741 76 Reflexive 82 37 70 20 84 21 236 24 Total 219 100 349 100 409 100 977 100 Majority of postings (76%) are initiatory, generating much less feedback (ie, reflexive messages) - 11ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  12. 12. Intent analysis of postings – II (N=977) 1995-1999 2000-2004 2005-2008 Total N Type of postings N % N % N % N % Information 30 14 25 7 41 10 96 10 requests Discussion 60 27 79 23 89 22 228 23 Information 129 59 245 70 279 68 653 67 transfer Total 219 100 349 100 409 100 977 100 Two thirds of postings aim to transfer information while less than a quarter discusses certain issues. - 12ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  13. 13. Subject analysis of postings (N=650) Subjects Subject 1 Subject 2 Total % 1100 Other LIS Aspects 148 0 148 23 1003 Other Aspects of Scientific or Professional Communication 101 12 113 17 701 Inter-library loan activities 59 20 79 12 702 Collection 57 6 63 10 100 Professional issues 39 4 43 7 101 Library Association’s activities 30 0 30 5 300 Publishing 18 6 24 4 707 Library Automation 22 2 24 4 801 Cataloguing 14 3 17 3 708 Other Library or Information Service 14 1 15 2 400 Education in LIS 12 2 14 2 705 Library Buildings or Facilities 12 0 12 2 805 Databases 9 2 11 2 706 Library Administration or Planning 10 0 10 2 1001 Scientific or Professional Publishing 10 0 10 2 803 Information Retrieval 4 5 9 1 901 Information Dissemination 7 1 8 1 804 Bibliographic Databases 5 1 6 1 802 Classification or Indexing 3 1 4 1 906 Information Management 4 0 4 1 703 Information or Reference Services 2 0 2 0 905 Information Use 2 0 2 0 600 Analysis of LIS 1 0 1 0 704 User Education 1 0 1 0 Total 584 66 650 100 - 13ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  14. 14. Off-topic KUTUP-L postings (N=393) 1995- 2000- 2005- Types of messages 1999 % 2004 % 2008 % Total Irrelevant messages 47 22.5 78 37.3 84 40.2 209 Announcements of promotions, congratulations, etc. 6 9.5 18 28.6 39 61.9 63 Announcements of deaths, etc. 0 0.0 9 24.3 28 75.7 37 Job Ads 1 2.9 15 44.1 18 52.9 34 Trial messages 3 21.4 6 42.9 5 35.7 14 Messages on social activities 3 21.4 6 42.9 5 35.7 14 KUTUP-L 5 41.7 6 50.0 1 8.3 12 Virus warnings 2 20.0 7 70.0 1 10.0 10 Total 67 145 181 393 - 14ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  15. 15. Distribution of postings by domainsDomain 1995-1999 2000-2004 2005-2008 Total Ntype N % N % N % N %.edu 136 31.5 154 35.6 142 32.9 432 44.5.com 23 7.2 106 33.1 191 59.7 320 33.0.gov 35 32.1 36 33.0 38 34.9 109 11.2.org 11 21.2 33 63.5 8 15.4 52 5.4.net 14 46.7 8 26.7 8 26.7 30 3.1.k12 0 0.0 11 39.3 17 60.7 28 2.9Total 219 22.6 348 35.8 404 41.6 971 100.0 - 15 ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  16. 16. Conclusions• KUTUP-L is an effective communication tool• Topics of postings tend to change by years• Aspects of LIS and scholarly/professional issues along with ILL and collections are the most frequently discussed topics• Postings discussing professional issues generate more feedback• The percentage of non-relevant, off-topic postings is quite high (40%)• Distribution of postings fits Pareto and Price Laws, but not Lotka’s Law - 16ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
  17. 17. The Anatomy of an Electronic Discussion List for Librarians, KUTUP-L: Bibliometric and Content Analyses of Postings Yaşar Tonta Doğan Karabulut Department of Information Management Turkish Grand National Assembly Library Hacettepe University Kızılay, Ankara, Turkey tonta@hacettepe.edu.tr dogankbulut@gmail.com yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/~tonta/tonta.html - 17ELPUB 2010, 16-18 June 2010, Helsinki, Finland
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