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  1. 1. Chapter 18 Gothic Europe Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 13e
  2. 2. Europe About 1200
  3. 3. Goals <ul><li>Understand the origins and spread of the Gothic style. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the changes in European religious concepts that make Gothic art and architecture possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the art, architecture and architectural decoration of the Gothic style in France. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the variations of the Gothic Style in England, Germany and Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the development of sculpture, book arts, and other media in the Gothic era. </li></ul><ul><li>Name and identify important Gothic cathedrals. </li></ul>
  4. 4. French Gothic <ul><li>Examine architecture and architectural decoration in the Gothic style. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the basic architectural elements of the Gothic style. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the religious attitude that makes the Gothic style desirable. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the great Gothic Cathedrals of France. </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the art media used to express religious concepts in the Gothic era. </li></ul><ul><li>Explore sculpture, book illustration and luxury arts. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Abbot Suger and the Gothic Style <ul><li>Understand the origins and spread of the Gothic style. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the basic architectural elements and decoration. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the religious attitude of the Gothic era. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Figure 18-2 Plan of the east end, abbey church, Saint-Denis, France, 1140–1144 (after Sumner Crosby).
  7. 7. Figure 18-3 Ambulatory and radiating chapels, abbey church, Saint-Denis, France, 1140–1144.
  8. 8. Figure 18-12 Cutaway view of a typical French Gothic cathedral (John Burge). (1) pinnacle, (2) flying buttress, (3) vaulting web, (4) diagonal ribs, (5) transverse rib, (6) springing, (7) clerestory, (8) oculus, (9) lancet, (10) triforium, (11) nave arcade, (12) compound pier with responds.
  9. 9. Figure 18-13 Aerial view of Chartres Cathedral (looking north), Chartres, France, as rebuilt after 1194.
  10. 10. Figure 18-14 Plan of Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, as rebuilt after 1194 (after Paul Frankl).
  11. 11. Figure 18-5 West facade, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, ca. 1145-1155.
  12. 12. Gothic Interiors and Heights <ul><li>Examine the interior of Gothic structures, Gothic rib vaulting and the extension of height. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Figure 18-15 Interior of Chartres Cathedral (looking east), Chartres, France, begun 1194. © 2005 Saskia Cultural Documentation, Ltd.
  14. 14. French Stained Glass Windows <ul><li>Examine the stained glass windows, the materials, techniques, and the Gothic spiritual attitude about the light of God. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Figure 18-1 Rose window and lancets, north transept, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, ca. 1220. Stained glass, rose window 43’ in diameter.
  16. 16. High Gothic Sculpture <ul><li>Examine the classicizing forms and suggestion of portraits in the sculpture at the Chartres and Reims Cathedral and in free standing sculpture. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Figure 18-6 Royal Portal, west facade, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, ca. 1145–1155.
  18. 18. Figure 18-7 Old Testament kings and queens, jamb statues, central doorway of Royal Portal, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, ca. 1145–1155.
  19. 19. Figure 18-18 Saint Theodore, jamb statue, Porch of the Martyrs (left doorway), south transept, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, ca. 1230.
  20. 20. Figure 18-37 Virgin of Jeanne d’Evreux , from the abbey church of Saint-Denis, France, 1339. Silver gilt and enamel, 2’ 3 1/2” high. Louvre, Paris.
  21. 21. German Gothic Sculpture <ul><li>Examine the humanizing trend in German Gothic sculpture, as well as the dramatic poses and gestures. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Figure 18-51 Virgin with the Dead Christ ( Röttgen Pietà ), from the Rhineland, Germany, ca. 1300–1325. Painted wood, 2’ 10 1/2” high. Rheinisches Landemuseum, Bonn.
  23. 23. Book Illumination and Luxury Arts <ul><li>Examine the art of illumination and book manufacture, especially the creation of prayer books and Bibles in the Gothic era. </li></ul><ul><li>Observe the characteristics of Gothic sculpture in smaller works such as reliquaries </li></ul>
  24. 24. Figure 18-32 God as architect of the world, folio 1 verso of a moralized Bible, from Paris, France, ca. 1220-1230. Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum, 1’ 1 ½” X 8 ¼”. Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna.
  25. 25. Figure 18-36 JEAN PUCELLE, David before Saul, folio 24 verso of the Belleville Breviary , from Paris, France, ca. 1325. Ink and tempera on vellum, 9 1/2” X 6 3/4”. Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.
  26. 26. Discussion Questions <ul><li>What are the key architectural and decorative elements of the Gothic cathedrals? How are Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals alike and different? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you compare sculpture in the Gothic era to the earlier Romanesque sculpture? What are the reasons for the differences? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider a person’s reaction in 14 th -century upon viewing a Gothic cathedral for the first time. What might the reaction be to viewing an enormous building supported by glass walls? </li></ul>