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  • 1. Secondary Sources Presented by Dolores Noga McLennan Ross LLP June 18, 2010
  • 2. Goals
    • Goals:
      • - 3 r’s:
        • Review
        • Reclaim
        • Remind
    • Classic six questions:
        • What, Why, Where, When, Who, and How
  • 3. What are Secondary Sources?
    • Definition
    • Types
    • Attributes
  • 4. Why Use Secondary Sources?
    • When
    • Who
  • 5. Where do I find out about them?
    • Online portals:
      • http:// www.llrx.com/features/ca.htm An online guide to doing legal research in Canada, prepared by Ted Tjaden, a lawyer/law librarian in Toronto
      • http://legalresearch.org/index.html Best Guide to Canadian Legal Research
      • http:// jurist.law.utoronto.ca/guides.htm A portal for research guides
    • Recommended lists:
      • http:// legalresearch.org/docs/gehlen.html
    • Library catalogues
  • 6. How to Access Secondary Sources
    • In print
    • CD-Rom
    • Online
      • Commercial services
      • Free sites
      • E-reference
      • Google Books
  • 7. Focus on Specific Examples: Encyclopedias
    • Halsbury’s Laws of Canada
    • CED - the Canadian Encylopedic Digest
  • 8. The C.E.D.
    • The Key:
      • 11B is the volume
      • 55 is the title
      • 199 is the paragraph
  • 9. CED online
    • Westlaw Canada in LawSource
      • http://home.westlawecarswell.com/
    • Browse Tables of Contents or Custom Search Templates
    • Browse works through a series of drop-down menus
    • Search using template
  • 10. Focus on Specific Examples: Dictionaries
    • Specific jurisdictions
    • Specific subjects
    • Specific types
      • http://www.legalabbrevs.cardiff.ac.uk/
      • http:// www.library.dal.ca/law/Guides/canabb.html
      • http://www.nyprr.com/latin_for_lawyers_bookmarked.pdf
    • Canadian Online Legal Dictionary
      • http:// www.irwinlaw.com /cold
  • 11. Focus on Specific Examples: Rules, Procedural Guides
    • Alberta Rules of Court
      • 2 vols. in print; also on QP website http://www.qp.gov.ab.ca/display_rules.cfm ; courts website for practice notes http:// www.albertacourts.ab.ca
    • Alberta Rules of Court Annotated
    • Alberta Civil Procedure Handbook
      • http://www.juriliber.com/MAINHB2007.htm
    • Civil Procedure Encyclopedia
      • http://www.juriliber.com/MAINCPE.htm
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Focus on Specific Examples: Forms and Precedents
    • Alberta Court Forms
      • Available in print and CD from LESA
      • Courts website http:// www.albertacourts.ab.ca
    • O’Brien’s Forms
      • Print and online http://www.obriensforms.com/nxt/gateway.dll/OBRIENS/obintro/1?f=templates$fn=obhome.html$3.0&vid=obriens:ob
    • Specialized forms for industry groups such as insurance, sites for business forms
    • Westlaw Canada
  • 15. Focus on Specific Examples: Style Guides, Research / Writing Manuals
    • Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation
    • Sullivan and Dreidger on the Construction of Statutes
    • Legal Writing and Research Manual
    • Just Writing: Grammar, Punctuation, and Style for the Legal Writer
    • Making Your Point: A Practical Guide to Persuasive Legal Writing
    • The Globe and Mail Style Book
  • 16. Texts
    • Can be introductions, annotations, treatises; are often in a looseleaf format
    • Prepared by authorities
    • Have useful aids to their use – tables, indexes, lists of cases, bibliographical footnotes, etc.
    • Must evaluate each title
    • Identified through a library catalogue, list of recommended texts, or referral
  • 17. Texts continued
    • May be available online as part of a print subscription or through a service such as Quicklaw.
    • E-Books
    • May have an accompanying newsletter or email news service
  • 18. Periodical Material
    • Newsletters, journals, reviews, etc.
    • Generally, are:
      • Current
      • May be general or industry focused
      • Cover specialized topics
    • Published by commercial publishers, industry associations, law schools, etc.
    • Find where indexed
      • Eg. Canadian Bar Review on CBA website
    • HeinOnline
  • 19. Papers
    • Seminar materials
      • Sources include LESA, CBA, commercial conference providers
    • Law Reform Commission Reports
    • Websites
    • Firm’s Memo/Opinion Research Bank
  • 20. Case Law Summaries/Digests
    • Comprehensive abridgement
    • Summary digests
    • Topical case reporters
    • Check for e-updates for various services
  • 21. Goals
    • 3 r’s:
      • Review
      • Reclaim
      • Remind
  • 22. Questions?