Secondary Sources


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Secondary Sources

  1. 1. Secondary Sources Presented by Dolores Noga McLennan Ross LLP June 18, 2010
  2. 2. Goals <ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- 3 r’s: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaim </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remind </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Classic six questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What, Why, Where, When, Who, and How </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What are Secondary Sources? <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Use Secondary Sources? <ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Who </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where do I find out about them? <ul><li>Online portals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// An online guide to doing legal research in Canada, prepared by Ted Tjaden, a lawyer/law librarian in Toronto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Best Guide to Canadian Legal Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// A portal for research guides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommended lists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Library catalogues </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to Access Secondary Sources <ul><li>In print </li></ul><ul><li>CD-Rom </li></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Books </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Focus on Specific Examples: Encyclopedias <ul><li>Halsbury’s Laws of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>CED - the Canadian Encylopedic Digest </li></ul>
  8. 8. The C.E.D. <ul><li>The Key: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11B is the volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>55 is the title </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>199 is the paragraph </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. CED online <ul><li>Westlaw Canada in LawSource </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Browse Tables of Contents or Custom Search Templates </li></ul><ul><li>Browse works through a series of drop-down menus </li></ul><ul><li>Search using template </li></ul>
  10. 10. Focus on Specific Examples: Dictionaries <ul><li>Specific jurisdictions </li></ul><ul><li>Specific subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Specific types </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canadian Online Legal Dictionary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// /cold </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Focus on Specific Examples: Rules, Procedural Guides <ul><li>Alberta Rules of Court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 vols. in print; also on QP website ; courts website for practice notes http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alberta Rules of Court Annotated </li></ul><ul><li>Alberta Civil Procedure Handbook </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil Procedure Encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Focus on Specific Examples: Forms and Precedents <ul><li>Alberta Court Forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available in print and CD from LESA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courts website http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><li>O’Brien’s Forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print and online$fn=obhome.html$3.0&vid=obriens:ob </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specialized forms for industry groups such as insurance, sites for business forms </li></ul><ul><li>Westlaw Canada </li></ul>
  13. 15. Focus on Specific Examples: Style Guides, Research / Writing Manuals <ul><li>Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation </li></ul><ul><li>Sullivan and Dreidger on the Construction of Statutes </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Writing and Research Manual </li></ul><ul><li>Just Writing: Grammar, Punctuation, and Style for the Legal Writer </li></ul><ul><li>Making Your Point: A Practical Guide to Persuasive Legal Writing </li></ul><ul><li>The Globe and Mail Style Book </li></ul>
  14. 16. Texts <ul><li>Can be introductions, annotations, treatises; are often in a looseleaf format </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared by authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Have useful aids to their use – tables, indexes, lists of cases, bibliographical footnotes, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Must evaluate each title </li></ul><ul><li>Identified through a library catalogue, list of recommended texts, or referral </li></ul>
  15. 17. Texts continued <ul><li>May be available online as part of a print subscription or through a service such as Quicklaw. </li></ul><ul><li>E-Books </li></ul><ul><li>May have an accompanying newsletter or email news service </li></ul>
  16. 18. Periodical Material <ul><li>Newsletters, journals, reviews, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be general or industry focused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover specialized topics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Published by commercial publishers, industry associations, law schools, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Find where indexed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg. Canadian Bar Review on CBA website </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HeinOnline </li></ul>
  17. 19. Papers <ul><li>Seminar materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources include LESA, CBA, commercial conference providers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Law Reform Commission Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Firm’s Memo/Opinion Research Bank </li></ul>
  18. 20. Case Law Summaries/Digests <ul><li>Comprehensive abridgement </li></ul><ul><li>Summary digests </li></ul><ul><li>Topical case reporters </li></ul><ul><li>Check for e-updates for various services </li></ul>
  19. 21. Goals <ul><li>3 r’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaim </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remind </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. Questions?