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    • Newton Free Library Legal Reference Class Legal Information Literacy Basics in Legal Research: Print and Electronic Resources
    • Librarians: Limits & Disclaimers
      • “ Legal reference does not include interpretation or advice.”
      • “ The patron must read, analyze and interpret the material…”
      • “ The librarian may direct you to cases, statutes, and sources, but that does not mean those are the only ones that might apply to your situation.”
      • This class is intended to be a first step for the layman, to begin to learn about legal resources available to the general public.
    • Class Goals
      • Understand the origins of law
      • Define sources: primary and secondary.
      • Concentrate on Massachusetts and local law.
      • Review selected print resources.
      • Find legal information online.
      • Learn about Newton Free Library resources.
      • Read a legal citation.
      • Answer the class exercises.
    • Class Exercises
      • Find a pending bill and a new law
      • Find a law by popular name, by text
      • Find a regulation
      • Find a case
      • Find a legal form
      • Find a lawyer; find the lawyer’s rating
      • Find a Newton ordinance
    • Understand the Origins of the Law Governing Documents, Branches of Government
    • Defining Sources of Law: Primary and Secondary
      • The Library of Congress Law Library offers a Research Help Guide at http://www.loc.gov/law/help/
      • “The materials used for legal research are
      • generally divided into two broad categories:
      • primary sources and secondary sources. ” --Library of Congress Law Library
    • What are Primary Sources?
      • “Primary sources are statements of the law from a governmental entity such as a court, legislature, executive agency, president, or governor.” –Library of Congress Law Library
    • What are Secondary Sources?
      • “Secondary sources offer an analysis, commentary or a restatement of primary law.  Secondary sources are used to help locate and explain primary sources of law.  These sources may influence a legal decision but they do not have the controlling or binding authority like the primary sources of law.” –Library of Congress Law Library.
    • Find Legal Information Online
      • Commonwealth of Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries
      • www.lawlib.state.ma.us
      • Massachusetts QuickFind!
      • www.mln.lib.ma.us/quickfind/index.htm
      • Newton Free Library
      • www.newtonfreelibrary.net
      • City of Newton
      • www.ci.newton.ma.us
    • http://www.newtonfreelibrary.net First click on “Reference”
    • Massachusetts QuickFind!
      • Find Internet Searching in left column.
      • Click below on Massachusetts QuickFind!
      • Scroll topics for Law
    • Law under Massachusetts QuickFind!
      • Consumer Affairs
      • Courts
      • Forms
      • General Laws
      • Bill Tracking
      • Regulations
      • Public Law Libraries
      • Legal Services
    • Legal Links in Newton Reference Topics
      • Hover over Reference
      • Click on Databases & Websites
      • Scroll through topics, examples:
        • Consumer
        • Government
        • Law
        • Primary Sources
    •  
    • Newton Free Library CONSUMER Topic
      • Massachusetts Attorney General: Consumer Protection Consumer advisories, regulations, consumer tips & questions, how to file a consumer complaint, and other consumer information organized by topic.
      • Massachusetts Office of Consumer Affairs and Regulation Over 20 consumer-related topics from autos to a 30-day demand letter; pamphlets, resources by the Office of Consumer Affairs, federal resources, and other pertinent information.
    • Newton Free Library GOVERNMENT Topic
      • Mass.gov The official web site of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Here you will find links to all state agencies, local government links for cities and towns, online services, news & updates, and a wide variety of Massachusetts information on everything from tourism to current Mass. lottery numbers. Free website.
      • Massachusetts Attorney General Home Page Topics covered include children, civil rights, consumer, elder, employee, health care, insurance and victims rights. Many publications are also available in foreign language translations .
    • Newton Free Library LAW Topic
      • Databases
        • LexisNexis Congressional*
        • Loislaw (in the library only)
      • Key Website Access
        • Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries
        • Newton City Ordinances and Charter
        • *Home access available to Newton residents only with a Minuteman library card number beginning 21323
    • Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries www.library.state.ma.us
    • Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries Information Section
      • Find information links by headings:
      • Laws by Subject
      • Laws by Source
      • Databases
      • Library Locations & Services
      • Library Catalog
      • Mass. Law Blog
    • Laws by Subject: Searching Choices
      • Law About
      • Laws by Popular Name
      • Forms for a Legal Topic
    • Massachusetts Law About
    • Laws by Popular Name: Homestead Law
      • Homestead Laws – See
      • Law about Homesteads
      • Homesteads MGL c.188
        • s.1 Traditional homestead law
        • s.1A Elderly and disabled
        • s.2 Manufactured homes
      • Homestead & Bankruptcy MGL c.235, s.34 (cl.14)
      • Homestead Forms
      • Selected Case Law
      • Nolo.com online books (requires library card)
    • Laws by Popular Name Lemon Laws
      • General laws
      • Regulations
      • Cases
    • Laws by Source
      • General Laws
      • Search by Citation or Full Text
        • Chapter 235, s.34
        • Homestead exempt from seizure
    • Federal Legislation Pending Bills http://www.govtrack.us/congress/legislation.xpd
      • Search Legislation
      • Browse Legislation
        • Bill number
        • Resolution number
        • Sponsor or Co-sponsor
        • Status
        • Public Law Number
        • Subject
        • Committee
        • Blogs for Popular Bills
    • Federal Legislation Using The Library of Congress Thomas http://thomas.loc.gov/
    • Massachusetts Legislation Pending Bills www.mass.gov/legis/legis.htm
      • The 186th General Court
      • Search House Bill text for 2009-2010
      • Search Senate Bill text for 2009-2010
      • Scroll down for House & Senate dockets and all filed bills
    • Laws by Source : Jurisdiction and Origin of Law
      • Massachusetts
        • General laws, cases, regulations, court rules, executive orders, local ordinances, historical documents
      • Federal
      • Other States
      • Foreign & International
    • You Can Also
      • Get a Library Card
      • Renew a Book
      • Search: a statute, case, legal definition; a database
      • Ask a Librarian
      • Get a Document
      • Find a Lawyer: by name, by specialty, or legal aid
    • Search the Search Gateway
      • A book or other material to borrow…
      • A Massachusetts case
      • A Massachusetts statute
      • A lawyer
      • A legal definition
      • Or search the site
    • Search a Database from Your Home or Office
      • Click on Databases
      • Enter library card number
      • HeinOnline:
        • Articles from 1200 journals;
        • US Statutes at Large 1789-date; US Supreme Court Opinions, 1754-date
      • Nolo Law Books:
        • Self-help topics
      • RetrieveLaw:
        • Massachusetts and Federal primary law
    • Find a Legal Definition
      • Black’s Dictionary of Law, purchase 8 th edition App Store iTunes for iPhone
      • (New in Print 9 th edition, 2009)
      • Law.com Dictionary
      • Nolo.com Glossary
    • Help with Legal Research
      • Nolo.com’s Glossary and other topical books
      • Legal Research: How to Find and Understand the Law. 14 th edition.
      • Ask A Librarian
      • Regional Reference
      • Document Delivery
    • Legal Podcasts and Podcasting Legal Guide
      • Nolocast.com
      • Podcasts on topics in plain English.
      • Justia.com
      • Oyez.org
      • US Supreme Court oral arguments.
    • How to Read a Massachusetts Legal Citation
      • Click on Library Locations & Services
      • Scroll down and click on Reference.
      • Click on “How to Read a Massachusetts Legal Citation”
    • Examples of Legal Citations
    •  
    • Find a Lawyer
      • Trial Court site left frame: Find a Lawyer
        • How to choose a lawyer
        • Find a lawyer by name or city in Massachusetts
        • Find free or low-cost legal assistance
        • Find a lawyer by specialty
        • Find a lawyer outside of Massachusetts
    • Check for Disciplinary Action in Massachusetts
    • Online Legal Portals
      • More sites:
        • www.findlaw.com
        • www.firstgov.gov
        • www.ilrg.com
        • www.justia.com
        • www.law.com
        • www.lexisone.com
        • www.law.cornell.edu
        • www.mass.gov
        • www.plol.org
      • Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries
      • www/lawlib.state.ma.us
      • Tip:
      • When clicking on a legal topic under Law About at related web links for more information are part of the coverage.
    • Finding Forms
      • Click on Laws by Subject, then find subheading: Forms
      • Massachusetts and Federal Legal Forms will list forms under your topic.
      • Law About topics also offer related forms.
      • License forms may be found under regulatory Boards and local government.
      • Complaint forms could be state, federal, local or organization.
    • Forms from Trial Court Site
    • City of Newton Forms
    • Consumer Complaint Attorney General Massachusetts
    • Consumer Complaint with Better Business Bureau
    • Complaint against a Physician
    • Complaint against a Lawyer
    • Find the Governing Documents Constitutions, City & Town Charters
      • Trial Court site: Click on Laws by Source
      • United States Constitution
        • Click on Federal Primary Law, then follow link to U.S. Constitution.
      • Commonwealth of Massachusetts Constitution
        • Click on Massachusetts Primary Law, then follow link to State Constitution.
      • City of Newton Charter
        • Click on Massachusetts City and Town Bylaws.
        • From Newton Free Library Reference go to Law topic, scroll down to Newton City Ordinances and Charter.
        • From City of Newton site go to Resources link or Aldermen tab to Ordinances.
    • Laws by Source
    • Massachusetts Constitution
    • United States Constitution
    • City and Town Ordinances and Bylaws
      • From the Trial Court site:
      • Click on Massachusetts City and Town Bylaws
      • Select your city or town.
      • From the Newton Free Library site:
      • Click on Reference, then link to the City of Newton site, then click on Resources; for hearings, dockets, reports and actions: link to Aldermen, then click on Board Meetings by year.
    • City of Newton Charter
    • The Legislative Branch Massachusetts General Court
      • Trial Court site: Laws by Source
      • Statutes or Session Laws
        • Acts and Resolves: new chapter numbers each year, as passed, sequentially
      • Code: General laws are codified into subject areas.
        • 288 chapters, updated by amendments
      • Sources are primary (authoritative) or secondary
        • Massachusetts General Laws (M.G.L.); authoritative edition from the state
        • Legal publishers’ annotated editions: West & Lexis
    • Types of Print Updating Services
      • Annual Pocket Parts
      • Semi-annual Cumulative Interim Updates, supplementing pocket parts
      • Periodic Legislative Service pamphlets
      • Bi-monthly Massachusetts Register
      • Daily Slip opinions
      • Periodic Loose-leaf services
    • Newton’s Massachusetts Legislative Print Sources
        • Acts & Resolves passed by the General Court, 1809- (some volumes missing)
        • West’s Massachusetts General Laws Annotated (MGLA)
    • Law by Source
    • Law by Subject
    • Sample Cites for Carbon Monoxide Detectors Law
      • Popular Name: Nicole’s Law
      • Statutes or Sessions Laws
        • St.2005, c.123
      • Massachusetts General Laws Codified
        • MGL c.148, s. 26F 1/2
      • Massachusetts Regulations 527 CMR 31
    • Searching Statutes, Session Laws and Massachusetts General Laws
    • Tracking a Bill
      • Trial Court site:
      • Click on Law by Subject
      • Click on General Legal
      • Click on Massachusetts Legislative Tracking System
    • Finding Laws
      • Track a bill
      • Find a new law in the Acts and Resolves
      • Find a law by Citation
      • Find a law by Popular Name
      • Search the full text of the General Laws
      • Trace the legislative history of a law
    • Regulations, Rulings The Executive Branch
      • Trial Court site: Laws by Source
      • Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR)
      • CMR Index
      • 900 titles
      • Massachusetts Register updates the CMR
        • Massachusetts Executive Orders (Governor’s)
        • Attorney-General Opinions
        • New and emergency regulations
      • Agencies, Boards, Commissions
        • Ex., Medicine, Board of Registration in 243 CMR
        • Agency and Commission Rulings & Decisions
    • Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR)
      • Laws by Source
      • CMR Index
      • CMR by Citation
      • FAQs
    • Finding a CMR Cite Use the Index or Browse Numbers
    • Court case law originates from The Judicial Branch
      • Trial Court site: Laws by Source
      • Massachusetts Law
        • Supreme Judicial Court (SJC)
        • Massachusetts Appeals
        • Superior Court
        • Land Court
    • Finding Massachusetts Cases
      • Supreme Judicial Court and Court of Appeals
      • Cases 2001-to date with slip opinions
      • Cases 1915-to date
      • Cases 1804-1921: Early Massachusetts Reports
    • Newton’s Print Massachusetts Cases
      • Massachusetts Reports
      • Massachusetts Appeals
      • West’s Massachusetts Decisions
      • West’s Massachusetts Digest
      • West’s Massachusetts Law Finder
    • Secondary Sources Treatises & Loose-leaf Services
      • West’s Massachusetts Practice Series. Complete series. (pocket parts)
        • Legal topics and forms.
      • Labor and Employment in Massachusetts: A Guide to Employment Laws, Regulations and Practices / Jeffrey L. Hirsch. (loose-leaf)
      • Legal Planning for the Elderly in Massachusetts / William J. Brisk. (loose-leaf)
    • Massachusetts Court System
      • Go to: www.mass.gov/courts
      • For county, district or probate courts, click on: List of All Divisions and Departments
      • For Supreme Judicial Court or Appeals, click on links provided.
    •  
    • Find a Case
      • Cases about a topic: Law About
      • Massachusetts Primary Law – Cases
        • Cases by date
        • Cases from Supreme Judicial Court
        • Cases from Massachusetts Court of Appeals
        • Board, Agency or Commission decisions
        • Superior Court
        • Land Court
    • Find Your District Court in The Massachusetts Court System
      • Courts: List of all individual Court Divisions
      • Click on Judge’s Lobby to find the name of your court’s judge.
      • Click on General Information for forms specific to your court.
      • Example
      • Newton District Court
        • Location: 1309 Washington Street, West Newton, MA
        • Map
        • Judge: Hon. Dyanne J. Klein
        • No specific forms for this court
    • Find Your District Court
    • Massachusetts Court System
      • Newton Free Library site – Law topic:
      • Scroll down to Massachusetts Court System
      • Court forms
      • Juror information
      • Self-help center
        • Representing yourself in court
        • Probate and Family Court self-help
        • District court locations and information
    • Judicial Branch
      • Dockets, Cases, Opinions
      • Commonwealth of Massachusetts
        • West’s Massachusetts Decisions
        • West’s Massachusetts Digest
        • Court system of the Commonwealth
    • Find Massachusetts Case Law
      • Trial Court site:
      • Go to Laws, Regulations and Cases box
      • Click on Cases
      • Scroll down to find searching choices:
        • Supreme Judicial Court homepage for opinions from both SJC and Appeals Court.
        • Search Massachusetts cases by citation
        • Superior Court: click on current year, selected cases
        • Land Court: Mass. Land Court Reporter, current year
    • Massachusetts Legal Print Resources at The Newton Free Library
        • Manual for the Use of the General Court
        • Massachusetts Lawyers Diary & Manual
        • The Legal Pages (Massachusetts Edition)
        • Massachusetts Lawyers’ Weekly
        • Acts & Resolves passed by the General Court, 1809- (some volumes missing)
        • Massachusetts Legislative Service: updating Acts & Resolves through 2008
        • Massachusetts General Laws Annotated (MGLA) (West)
        • Massachusetts Law Finder (West)
        • Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR)
        • Massachusetts Register: CMR bi-weekly updates
        • Massachusetts Digest: pocket part updates through 2008
        • Massachusetts Reports, 1858-
        • Massachusetts Appeals Court Reports, 1972-1997 & 2001-2002
        • Massachusetts Decisions, v. 1 (1936) - v.891 (2008) (some volumes missing)
        • Massachusetts Practice Series: complete set
    • News & Periodicals
      • FindLaw.com Legal News
      • Massachusetts Lawyer’s Weekly
      • Daily State House News Service
      • InfoTrac
      • Internet Legal Resource Guide: Law Journals
      • HeinOnline with a Trial Court Law Library library card
    • Self-Help Books & Study Series
      • Individual popular legal topics
      • New editions as laws change
      • State contact information referenced
      • Publishers & Series
        • Nolo and Nolo Online
        • Sphinx
        • West’s “In a Nutshell” Series
        • Oceana’s “Law for the Layperson” Series
    • Newton Database Subscriptions
      • LexisNexis Congressional *
      • LexisNexis Primary Sources in US History *
      • Loislaw **
      • * Home Access for Newton residents with Newton-coded Minuteman Library Network card
      • ** Use in Newton Free Library building only
    • Sample: Homestead Act
      • M.G.L.A.: chapter 188 § 1
      • From Massachusetts Trial Court Law Libraries
        • “Law About”
        • “Laws by Popular Name”
          • Homestead link
          • General Court link
            • Enter 188 under chapter
            • For 2004 update enter “188 amended”
    • Find: Safe Driver Insurance Plan (SDIP) and Surcharge Appeal
      • Trial site:
      • Click on “Law by Subject”
        • Automobile Insurance
        • 211 CMR 134.01 – 134.20 SDIP
        • 211 CMR 88 SDIP Surcharge Appeal
      • Click on “Law by Popular Name”
      • Under “S” : “Safe Driver Insurance Plan”
        • Has link back to Surcharge Appeal under Automobile Insurance.
    •  
    • City of Newton Legislative Branch
      • Board of Aldermen
      • City of Newton Ordinances
      • www.ci.newton.ma.us
      • 30 chapters ; updated by amendments
      • Code comparative table
      • Check Orders/Actions online
    • City of Newton Legal Materials Books
      • Charter & Revised Ordinances
        • Official Source: City Clerk’s Office
          • Annotated by hand by the City Clerk
        • Alternate Source: City of Newton web site
          • Ordinances
          • Board Meetings: click on year for dockets, hearings, actions, audio of meetings
        • Courtesy Source: Newton Free Library
    • Cases – Neighbors and Trees
      • Trial Court site:
      • Law about
        • Neighbors
      • Cases
      • Articles from Nolo.com
      • Nolo’s Neighbor Law: Fences, Trees, Boundaries, & Noise electronic book available with your Massachusetts Trial Court Law Library card. Apply in person at any of the 17 libraries.
    • Finding Newton’s Ordinances
    • Tree Preservation
      • Online copy: Search bar
      • Tree Ordinance
      • Print copy: Code Index
      • Trees and Shrubs
        • Permits required for removal 20-32—20-34
        • Pruning 20-34
        • Removal of trees, penalties 20-38
        • Tree Preservation 20-31
    • Swimming Pools Fences and Lighting
      • Search the print Code Index for Fences - Regulation
      • Chapter 20 section 40
      • Find different styles of fences and requirements
      • Find out about perimeter fences
      • Find out about fences and swimming pools.
    • Board of Aldermen Meetings
    • Now You Can Begin:
      • Find a legal definition; read a legal citation
      • Find a lawyer and a lawyer’s rating
      • Find a court, a justice, an opinion
      • Find a legal form, file a complaint
      • Find a Massachusetts law, order, & case
      • Know which print or online sources to use
      • Find a Newton ordinance & form
      • Find a law library for more resources