Judges <ul><li>Appellate judges-job is to interpret and apply past law </li></ul><ul><li>Law is either </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Judges reason <ul><li>Objectively and neutrally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this possible? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How doe...
Statutory Interpretation <ul><li>Judges must apply law to facts </li></ul><ul><li>Juries try the facts-judges interpret la...
Speluncean Explorer Case <ul><li>Five judges-five opinions-five ways of thinking about how to apply this law to this case ...
N.C.S.A. 12-A <ul><li>WHOEVER SHALL WILLFULLY TAKE THE LIFE OF ANOTHER SHALL BE PUNISHED BY DEATH </li></ul>
Chief Justice Truepenny <ul><li>Uphold Conviction </li></ul><ul><li>Letter of law clear </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for no ex...
Justice Foster <ul><li>Overturn conviction  on two grounds </li></ul><ul><li>LOOSE STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><u...
Justice Tatting <ul><li>Withdraws- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irresolvable contradiction between his legal philosophy that the ...
Justice Keen <ul><li>Uphold Conviction-Strict Statutory Constructionist </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate to call for Execut...
Justice Handy <ul><li>Overturn Conviction </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy of Legal Realism-thinks of the political and social...
How Legal Philosophy Shapes Judicial Decision-Making <ul><li>Judge’s opinions are grappling with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dis...
What about Judicial Discretion? <ul><li>How to account for Judges’ subjectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Jerome Frank argues that...
Who would you choose? <ul><li>You’re representing a doctor, charged with murder under a similar statute,because she, at th...
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  1. 1. Judges <ul><li>Appellate judges-job is to interpret and apply past law </li></ul><ul><li>Law is either </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case law-common law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statutory law-legislative enactments </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Judges reason <ul><li>Objectively and neutrally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this possible? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does subjectivity present itself </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Statutory Interpretation <ul><li>Judges must apply law to facts </li></ul><ul><li>Juries try the facts-judges interpret law </li></ul><ul><li>Judges interpret the meaning of statutes </li></ul><ul><li>Statute is law enacted by legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Enacted law= positive law </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation of statutes is informed by differing philosophies of “statutory construction” and law </li></ul>
  4. 4. Speluncean Explorer Case <ul><li>Five judges-five opinions-five ways of thinking about how to apply this law to this case </li></ul><ul><li>What happened </li></ul>
  5. 5. N.C.S.A. 12-A <ul><li>WHOEVER SHALL WILLFULLY TAKE THE LIFE OF ANOTHER SHALL BE PUNISHED BY DEATH </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chief Justice Truepenny <ul><li>Uphold Conviction </li></ul><ul><li>Letter of law clear </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for no exception-must convict </li></ul><ul><li>Executive clemency </li></ul><ul><li>His philosophy- </li></ul><ul><li>STRICT STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION </li></ul>
  7. 7. Justice Foster <ul><li>Overturn conviction on two grounds </li></ul><ul><li>LOOSE STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go behind words look for legislative intent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NATURAL LAW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outside the physical boundaries of the jurisdiction, positive law does not apply </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Justice Tatting <ul><li>Withdraws- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irresolvable contradiction between his legal philosophy that the letter of the law should apply (STRICT CONSTRUCTIONIST) and his moral view that this would lead to unjust result </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Justice Keen <ul><li>Uphold Conviction-Strict Statutory Constructionist </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate to call for Executive Clemency (pardon) </li></ul><ul><li>Judge’s job is to apply to letter of the law to the facts-to read the statute literally </li></ul>
  10. 10. Justice Handy <ul><li>Overturn Conviction </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy of Legal Realism-thinks of the political and social context of law </li></ul><ul><li>Considers the reality of who the Governor is </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance of Public Opinion </li></ul>
  11. 11. How Legal Philosophy Shapes Judicial Decision-Making <ul><li>Judge’s opinions are grappling with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissonance between law and morality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The legal idea of necessity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mens Rea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rational choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social contract </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What about Judicial Discretion? <ul><li>How to account for Judges’ subjectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Jerome Frank argues that judging is a psychological process-that judges reason from an intuition, a hunch. </li></ul><ul><li>Subjectivity most vividly expressed in “sentencing.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Who would you choose? <ul><li>You’re representing a doctor, charged with murder under a similar statute,because she, at the request of her patient, suffering from early stages of Alzheimer's, helped him commit suicide by injecting him with cyanide </li></ul><ul><li>What if the doctor was charged with murder under this statute because he performed an abortion on a patient who was 16 weeks pregnant? </li></ul>

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