DIGITAL SIGNATURE AND ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS IN ITALY Prof. Pierluigi Ridolfi AIPA Authority for Information Technology in t...
THE ITALIAN APPROACH TO DIGITAL SIGNATURE <ul><li>A new Public Administration </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Better...
LEGAL FRAMEWORK  <ul><li>Needed to assure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>citizens trust and confidence in the legal value of elect...
THE ITALIAN LEGISLATION
GENERAL PRINCIPLES Law n° 59 of March 15th, 1997 <ul><li>Section 15(2): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Acts, data and documents creat...
GENERAL RULES Presidential Decree 513/97 <ul><li>It allows: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>digital signature on electronic document...
TECHNICAL RULES Ordinance of Prime Minister (exp. end March) <ul><ul><li>cryptographic key generation </li></ul></ul><ul><...
P.A.  DOCUMENTS KEY POINTS <ul><li>Legal requirements for the form of the document </li></ul><ul><li>Certainity of the dat...
ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE <ul><li>According to the italian basic law, a signature expresses the free willing of the signer who ...
CERTAIN DATE <ul><li>When the document is formed </li></ul><ul><li>Period of validity </li></ul><ul><li>An important step ...
LONG TERM PRESERVATION <ul><ul><li>Validity period of the signature keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validity period of the...
WHAT IS NEEDED <ul><li>Inter-operability of the devices for signature creation and verification </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-op...
STANDARDS <ul><li>Format of electronic signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Format of certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Means for acc...
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Mr Ridolfi's presentation Powerpoint presentation

  1. 1. DIGITAL SIGNATURE AND ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS IN ITALY Prof. Pierluigi Ridolfi AIPA Authority for Information Technology in the Public Administration V. Solferino, 15 00185 - Rome- Italy Autorità per l’Informatica nella Pubblica Amministrazione EESSI Meeting Brussels - February 24, 1999
  2. 2. THE ITALIAN APPROACH TO DIGITAL SIGNATURE <ul><li>A new Public Administration </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Better public services </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Better communications </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>A dedicated IT infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic documents </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic signature </li></ul>
  3. 3. LEGAL FRAMEWORK <ul><li>Needed to assure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>citizens trust and confidence in the legal value of electronic documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>protection of the privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secure network transfer of legal documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>storage of electronic documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>long-term archival of electronic documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-commerce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-banking </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. THE ITALIAN LEGISLATION
  5. 5. GENERAL PRINCIPLES Law n° 59 of March 15th, 1997 <ul><li>Section 15(2): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Acts, data and documents created by an entity or a person by means of computer-based systems, contracts drawn up by such means, as well as their storage or transmission by means of computer systems, are legally valid.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. GENERAL RULES Presidential Decree 513/97 <ul><li>It allows: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>digital signature on electronic documents to be as binding as those on paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>legal documents to be transmitted electronically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>encryption systems to be used for digital signatures purposes </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. TECHNICAL RULES Ordinance of Prime Minister (exp. end March) <ul><ul><li>cryptographic key generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>digital signature generation and verification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provision of certification services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>digital time-stamping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>storing of electronic documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>electronic documents archival </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. P.A. DOCUMENTS KEY POINTS <ul><li>Legal requirements for the form of the document </li></ul><ul><li>Certainity of the date </li></ul><ul><li>Long term preservation </li></ul>
  9. 9. ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE <ul><li>According to the italian basic law, a signature expresses the free willing of the signer who in this way approves the content of the document. </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the electronic signature shall identify with certainty the signer and shall be with certainty binded to the document undersigned; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the document electronically signed shall correspond to what the signer will sign; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the signature shall be an operation the signer performs with a voluntary act. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. CERTAIN DATE <ul><li>When the document is formed </li></ul><ul><li>Period of validity </li></ul><ul><li>An important step in the relations between private bodies and P.A. </li></ul>
  11. 11. LONG TERM PRESERVATION <ul><ul><li>Validity period of the signature keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validity period of the certification keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time period for which the cryptographic system can be considered sure </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. WHAT IS NEEDED <ul><li>Inter-operability of the devices for signature creation and verification </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-operability between the qualified certification services providers </li></ul><ul><li>Standard format for documents </li></ul>
  13. 13. STANDARDS <ul><li>Format of electronic signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Format of certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Means for access and verify certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-certification </li></ul><ul><li>Formato of documents </li></ul><ul><li>Digital time-stamping </li></ul>
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