Legal Encylopedias


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Legal Encylopedias

  1. 1. LEGAL ENCYCLOPEDIAS Tools to help identify and explain the law
  2. 2. When should you use a legal encyclopedia? <ul><li>Great starting point! </li></ul><ul><li>Gives an overview of an area of law. </li></ul>
  3. 3. SECONDARY RESOURCE Legal Encyclopedias <ul><li>Provide background information on an unfamiliar topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives a conceptual review of legal principles and issues. </li></ul><ul><li>References to primary authority. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Features of a Legal Encyclopedia <ul><li>Written in a narrative format. </li></ul><ul><li>Arranged alphabetically by subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Contain footnotes to cases on point. </li></ul><ul><li>State legal propositions and cite to authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives an non-analytical, basic, and objective, explanation of a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember, it is SECONDARY authority. </li></ul>
  5. 5. National Legal Encyclopedias <ul><li>American Jurisprudence 2d (Am. Jur. 2d) </li></ul><ul><li>Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Both sets . . . <ul><li>Include an extensive range of topics arranged alphabetically: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil & Criminal topics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State & Federal jurisdictions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substantive & Procedural issues. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What methods exist to access relevant topics? <ul><li>General Index. </li></ul><ul><li>Index in each volume. </li></ul><ul><li>Table of Parallel References (AmJur)or Table of Laws and Rules (CJS). </li></ul><ul><li>Table of Statutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Information on the volume spine. </li></ul><ul><li>Online. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How to Best Use the Index <ul><li>Think TARP </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THINGS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ACTIONS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RELIF </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PARTIES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you know the topic go straight to text volume. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What is the Table of Parallel References (AmJur) or Table or Corresponding Sections (CJS)? <ul><li>It is a matter of currency. Entries are rewritten and updated. </li></ul><ul><li>Early citation to specifics sections will not match up after revision. </li></ul><ul><li>Consult the translation table located in the front of each volume. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is the Table of Statutes and Rules Cited (AmJur) or Table of Laws and Rules (CJS)? <ul><li>If you are researching a particular section of a federal statute, Rule of Procedure, Model or Uniform Act, consult the cross reference table in each volume or the cumulative table at the end of the set. </li></ul>
  11. 11. How can you tell if you are in the “right” article? <ul><li>Check the SCOPE OF TOPIC paragraph. It is a concise statement of the basic contents of the article. </li></ul><ul><li>In AmJur, If you have missed the mark, consult the segment labeled Treated Elsewhere. </li></ul>
  12. 12. What are AmJur Research References? <ul><li>Text references : specialized work written on the topic, in other words a TREATISE. </li></ul><ul><li>Annotations: refer to the A.L.R. Series. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice References: refer to practice oriented materials and form books. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What are CJS Library References? <ul><li>Provide access to the West Key number system on the particular topic. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Now that you have an article. . . <ul><li>Review the topic outline and the introductory material. </li></ul><ul><li>The structure of the article may enlighten you to additional issues that you may need to address. </li></ul><ul><li>In AmJur, look for the DIAMOND highlight feature: observations, practice guides, or cautions. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Helpful component of the Am. Jur. set <ul><li>Am Jur Desk Book -- Is a legal almanac with lots of legal facts and figures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>statistical information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>historical documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>international agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hints for using WESTLAW and the West Digest scheme. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. State Encyclopedias <ul><ul><li>Most states have some type of legal encyclopedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florida and Georgia have state specific legal encyclopedias: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Florida Jurisprudence 2d </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>References refer to only Florida cases and statutes. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Georgia Jurisprudence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>References refer to only Georgia cases and statutes. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Special Citation Forms Rule 15.8 <ul><li>Rule 15.8 Special Citation Forms. </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Frequently cited works. A few frequently cited works require special citation forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>88 C.J.S. Trial § 192 (1955). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 Am. Jur. 2d Contracts § 74 (1964). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 Fla. Jur. 2d Contracts § 34 (1999). </li></ul></ul>