Legal Citation

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Legal Citation

  1. 1. Legal Citation Workshop By Sharon Wang October 27, 2008
  2. 2. <ul><ul><ul><li>Why cite? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When to cite? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The role of citation <ul><li>Demonstrate the scope and quality of your research </li></ul><ul><li>Support your argument by providing authoritative sources </li></ul><ul><li>Give credit to others for their intellectual creation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide references for readers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where to cite? <ul><li>In text </li></ul><ul><li>Footnote </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographies </li></ul><ul><li>Table of cases </li></ul><ul><li>Table of legislations </li></ul>
  5. 5. How to cite? <ul><li>McGill Guide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisprudence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other citation guides </li></ul>
  6. 6. Legislation-Cite to the Document <ul><li>Income Tax Act , R.S.C. 1985 (5 th Supp.), c.1, s.18. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legislation <ul><li>Revised Statutes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal Code , R.S.C. 1985, c.C-46. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sessional volumes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government Organization Act , 1983, S.C. 1980-81-82-83, c. 167. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Annual Bound volumes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holocaust Memorial Day Act , S.B.C. 2000, c. 3. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Loose-leaf volumes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Securities Act , R.S.Q. c. V-1.1, s.15. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Jurisprudence-cite to the source <ul><li>General citation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Style of cause (year of decision), [year of reporter] volume reporter abbreviation page (court). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neutral citation (cite to the document) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Kerr , 2004 SCC 44 ( CanLII ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parallel citation (cite to the source) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Latimer , 2001 SCC 1, [2001] 1 S.C.R. 3, 193 D.L.R. (4th) 577. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reported Cases v. Unreported cases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Crete (18 April 1991), Ottawa 97/03674 (Ont. Prov. Ct.). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Jurisprudence <ul><li>Citing order: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutral citation (pinpoint to paragraph no.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite to official reporter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite to semi-official reporter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite to unofficial reporter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include the electronic service or URL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic service citation (CanLII, QL, eCarswell) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Jurisprudence-Year <ul><li>Year of decision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robertson v. Thomson Corp ., 2006 SCC 43, 274 D.L.R. (4th) 138. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muir v. Alberta, (1996), 132 D.L.R. (4th) 695. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Year of Reporter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Laporte , [1995] 1 S.C.R. 442. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Smith (2002), [2003] S.C.R. 323. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. Jurisprudence- Court <ul><li>When to include court information in the citation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Byfield (2005), 74 O.R. (3rd) 206 (C.A.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Macki (2001), 199 D.L.R. (4th) 178 (B.C.S.C.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Duguay (1998), 113 O.A.C. 384. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 16. Secondary Sources <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Margaret Somerville, Death Talk: The Case against Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2001) at 78. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Weissbrodt & Muria Kruger, “Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights” (2003) 97 A.J.I.L. 901, at 907. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unpublished manuscripts </li></ul><ul><li>E-journals/ Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Website, emails, interviews… </li></ul>
  13. 17. Legal Abbreviation <ul><li>McGill Guide Appendix </li></ul><ul><li>MacEllven, Dauglass T. Legal Research Handbook (KF 240 M24 2003) Appendix </li></ul><ul><li>Liste des abréviations juridiques (Canadian) </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations (International) </li></ul><ul><li>Bieber’s dictionary of legal abbreviations: a reference guide for attorneys, legal secretaries, paralegals, and law students (KF 246 B46 2001) </li></ul>
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