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Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
Legal Citation
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Legal Citation

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  • 1. Legal Citation Workshop By Sharon Wang October 27, 2008
  • 2. <ul><ul><ul><li>Why cite? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When to cite? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 3. The role of citation <ul><li>Demonstrate the scope and quality of your research </li></ul><ul><li>Support your argument by providing authoritative sources </li></ul><ul><li>Give credit to others for their intellectual creation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide references for readers </li></ul>
  • 4. Where to cite? <ul><li>In text </li></ul><ul><li>Footnote </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographies </li></ul><ul><li>Table of cases </li></ul><ul><li>Table of legislations </li></ul>
  • 5. How to cite? <ul><li>McGill Guide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisprudence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other citation guides </li></ul>
  • 6. Legislation-Cite to the Document <ul><li>Income Tax Act , R.S.C. 1985 (5 th Supp.), c.1, s.18. </li></ul>
  • 7. Legislation <ul><li>Revised Statutes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal Code , R.S.C. 1985, c.C-46. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sessional volumes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government Organization Act , 1983, S.C. 1980-81-82-83, c. 167. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Annual Bound volumes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holocaust Memorial Day Act , S.B.C. 2000, c. 3. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Loose-leaf volumes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Securities Act , R.S.Q. c. V-1.1, s.15. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 8.  
  • 9. Jurisprudence-cite to the source <ul><li>General citation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Style of cause (year of decision), [year of reporter] volume reporter abbreviation page (court). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neutral citation (cite to the document) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Kerr , 2004 SCC 44 ( CanLII ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parallel citation (cite to the source) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Latimer , 2001 SCC 1, [2001] 1 S.C.R. 3, 193 D.L.R. (4th) 577. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reported Cases v. Unreported cases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Crete (18 April 1991), Ottawa 97/03674 (Ont. Prov. Ct.). </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Jurisprudence <ul><li>Citing order: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutral citation (pinpoint to paragraph no.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite to official reporter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite to semi-official reporter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite to unofficial reporter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include the electronic service or URL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic service citation (CanLII, QL, eCarswell) </li></ul></ul>
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  • 13.  
  • 14. Jurisprudence-Year <ul><li>Year of decision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robertson v. Thomson Corp ., 2006 SCC 43, 274 D.L.R. (4th) 138. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muir v. Alberta, (1996), 132 D.L.R. (4th) 695. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Year of Reporter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Laporte , [1995] 1 S.C.R. 442. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Smith (2002), [2003] S.C.R. 323. </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Jurisprudence- Court <ul><li>When to include court information in the citation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Byfield (2005), 74 O.R. (3rd) 206 (C.A.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Macki (2001), 199 D.L.R. (4th) 178 (B.C.S.C.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R. v. Duguay (1998), 113 O.A.C. 384. </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Secondary Sources <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Margaret Somerville, Death Talk: The Case against Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2001) at 78. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Weissbrodt & Muria Kruger, “Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights” (2003) 97 A.J.I.L. 901, at 907. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unpublished manuscripts </li></ul><ul><li>E-journals/ Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Website, emails, interviews… </li></ul>
  • 17. Legal Abbreviation <ul><li>McGill Guide Appendix </li></ul><ul><li>MacEllven, Dauglass T. Legal Research Handbook (KF 240 M24 2003) Appendix </li></ul><ul><li>Liste des abréviations juridiques (Canadian) </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations (International) </li></ul><ul><li>Bieber’s dictionary of legal abbreviations: a reference guide for attorneys, legal secretaries, paralegals, and law students (KF 246 B46 2001) </li></ul>

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