Legal Assistance K. J. Gruver


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Legal Assistance K. J. Gruver

  1. 1. Legal Assistance K. J. Gruver Captain, USMC Judge Advocate
  2. 2. Mission <ul><li>The mission of the Legal Assistance Office is to serve eligible personnel by providing professional and zealous representation with regard to their personal legal affairs. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Point of Contact <ul><li>Personnel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OIC – Capt Gruver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal Assistance Chief – Cpl Sullivan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building 1211 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phone number </li></ul><ul><ul><li>269-3636 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Hours of Operation <ul><li>Attorney Consultations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clients are seen on a walk-in basis Mondays and Thursdays: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0800 to 1130 and 1300 to 1630 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attorney Appointments are available Tuesdays and Wednesdays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0800 to 1130 and 1300 to 1630 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Hours of Operation <ul><li>Dissolution of Marriage/Separation Briefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every other Thursday at 0800 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Naturalization Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scheduled monthly, date and time published in the Yuma News </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Notarizations and Powers of Attorney </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monday – Friday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0800 to 1130 and 1300 to 1630 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Who is Eligible for services? <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 U.S.C. § 1044 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JAGMAN § 0706 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eligible Persons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active duty service members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reservists on active duty for 30 days or more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retirees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependents of above listed persons </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Legal Services <ul><li>Paternity and Non-support </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer Law </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Free notary service </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul>
  8. 8. Legal Services <ul><li>Landlord/tenant </li></ul><ul><li>Real Estate </li></ul><ul><li>Wills </li></ul><ul><li>Powers of Attorney </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona Tax Exempt forms </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile purchases </li></ul>
  9. 9. Command Assistance <ul><li>Predeployment briefs </li></ul><ul><li>Preventative Law briefs </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian arrest </li></ul><ul><li>Non-support of dependents </li></ul>
  10. 10. Non-support Issues <ul><li>LEGADMINMAN chapter 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court Order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation Agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 15 support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support under Chapter 15 does not become enforceable unless the spouse makes a formal request/complaint of non-support to the command. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Non-support (Cont.) <ul><li>Support under Chapter 15 only applies to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor biological child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor adopted child </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Punitive provisions attach if a Marine violates any of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support provisions of a court order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support provisions in a written agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If none of the above exists, then interim financial support obligations. This is only punitive if violated after a complaint of non-support by the spouse. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Non-Support (Cont.) <ul><li>Direct complaint to Marine’s CO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CO will inform Marine regarding the nature of the complaint and encourage Marine to see LA attorney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO will make an order to Marine in accordance to Chapter 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www. yuma . usmc .mil/services/legal/default. htm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at LES for: Base pay, other pay, BAH, BAS, other allowances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatically calculates amount of spousal support </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Domestic Violence <ul><li>Military Protective Orders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CO directs Marine in writing to stay away from dependents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforceable as a lawful order from a commissioned officer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be tailored to suit facts and must include a reasonable time limit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact a Judge Advocate if you are unsure what would be a reasonable time. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Domestic Violence <ul><li>Temporary Restraining Order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judge directs one party to stay away from the other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforceable through PMO and contempt powers of court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing required to continue or remove </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Debt Collectors <ul><li>Complaints of indebtedness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEGADMINMAN Chapter 16 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy – Commercial debts are a civil matter for civilian courts. The Marine Corps has no authority to require Marines to pay a private debts. (Except for Article 134 and 139.) </li></ul><ul><li>The MC will not process a complaint of indebtedness if a creditor did not make a bona fide effort to collect the debt individually, and whose claim is not patently false and misleading. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Debt Collectors (Cont.) <ul><li>Hurdles: Creditor must show they are in compliance with DOD standards of fairness, Regulation Z (12 CFR § 226 Et Seq.), as well as state and Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Acts. </li></ul><ul><li>Action: Counsel the Marine regarding payment of debts. If the Marine disputes the debt, refer him to Legal Assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>The command may notify the creditor that the Marine has been counseled and nothing more. Use the sample letter in Chapter 16 to ensure compliance. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Fair Debt Collection Practices Act <ul><li>Cannot call at unreasonable times (no harassment) </li></ul><ul><li>If debtor says “stop,” they have to stop. May have to sue to enforce this. </li></ul>
  18. 18. NSF Checks <ul><li>Command should counsel the Marine to pay as a means of self-protection. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow the guidelines of LEGADMINMAN, ch. 16 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If debt is disputed, send the Marine to Legal Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>UCMJ Article 123a applies to “knowingly” bounced check. </li></ul><ul><li>UCMJ Article 134 may also be used </li></ul>
  19. 19. Civilian Criminal Proceedings <ul><li>Legal Assistance and Defense Attorneys cannot represent or advise Marines on cases out in town. </li></ul><ul><li>They must retain civilian counsel, get a public defender, or go it alone. </li></ul><ul><li>The Legal Assistance office cannot recommend civilian counsel, but we do maintain a list of all attorneys in Yuma with their fees </li></ul>
  20. 20. Civilian Criminal Proceedings <ul><li>The process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charging documents filed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrest or summons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bonds – the command CANNOT promise the Marine will appear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First appearance/arraignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial or plea bargain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Command CANNOT promise court that the MC will “handle” it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only lawyers can negotiate taking jurisdiction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The DA is not their lawyer!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>SCRA does not apply to criminal proceedings </li></ul>
  21. 21. Service of Process/Subpoenas <ul><li>JAGMAN, ch. 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Service of process is proof to the court that the respondent has notice of the court action/filing </li></ul><ul><li>Service of process will be conducted only at the Joint Law Center under the supervision of a Judge Advocate </li></ul><ul><li>If a process server calls or shows up at the command, direct them to the Legal Assistance Office </li></ul><ul><li>If they serve someone at your command or anywhere on base without going through the JLC, get contact information and forward that information to Legal Assistance. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Service of Process/Subpoenas <ul><li>Members cannot “dodge” service on base. If we are notified that they are being served, they are required to report. </li></ul><ul><li>They are counseled by an attorney that they must accept Arizona process; all others they may refuse (at their own risk). </li></ul><ul><li>The member will have the opportunity to see the Legal Assistance Attorney. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Pre-deployment Briefs <ul><li>Educate service members on wills and Powers of Attorney </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand out will worksheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Execute powers of attorney </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educate Marines and dependents on legal services available </li></ul>
  24. 24. Preventative Law Briefs <ul><li>An ounce of prevention…saves your Marines, the command, and the lawyers a lot of headaches and damage control. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Assistance can give preventative law briefs on major issues of concern: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Car sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer law scams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landlord tenant issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic estate planning </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Volunteer Income Tax Assistance <ul><li>Free electronic tax preparation and filing </li></ul><ul><li>VITA Supervisor: Mrs. Knight </li></ul><ul><li>In operation: 3 Jan 06 to 31 May 06 </li></ul><ul><li>Hours of operation: M-F 0800 to 1630 </li></ul><ul><li>Appointments and walk-in service </li></ul><ul><li>Call 269-3636 for appointments </li></ul>
  26. 26. Tax Center <ul><li>2004 Tax Season: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Federal Returns = 3805 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Value for Service = $377,586.00 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings per Marine = $ 99.23 </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Tax Center <ul><li>What to bring to an appointment: </li></ul><ul><li>ID Card </li></ul><ul><li>W-2 </li></ul><ul><li>Voided check (or bank routing number and account number) </li></ul><ul><li>IRA documents </li></ul><ul><li>1099 forms </li></ul><ul><li>Any other applicable documents </li></ul>
  28. 28. Tax Center <ul><li>Units provide VITA volunteers to work in the tax center </li></ul><ul><li>JLC Director sends letter to COs of MAG and Station in October soliciting volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers check in 1 Dec and are trained during December </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers check back into their units 1 May </li></ul>
  29. 29. Website <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Website has the following documents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AZ tax exempt form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will worksheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support calculator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCRA information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative Law Manual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much more… </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Questions????