Family Law 101

601 views
521 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
601
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Family Law 101

  1. 1. “ Family Law 101” Introduction of Basic Family Law Principles Presentation for WestCoast LEAF Professor Gillian Calder University of Victoria, Faculty of law
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>1. What is “the family” in family law? </li></ul><ul><li>a. Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>b. Legal Framework </li></ul><ul><li>c. Dispute Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>2. Family Formation </li></ul><ul><li>a. Cohabitation and Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>b. Parenting </li></ul><ul><li>c. Dispute Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>3. Family Breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>a. Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>b. Child Custody </li></ul><ul><li>c. Access and Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>4. Economic Consequences of Family Breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>a. Division of Property </li></ul><ul><li>b. Spousal Support </li></ul><ul><li>c. Child Support </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction: Families and Family Law <ul><li>what is “the family” in family law? </li></ul><ul><li>are families what they look like or what they do? </li></ul><ul><li>how does law’s regulation of the family impact on our understanding of family? </li></ul><ul><li>how does law impact differently on differently situated families? </li></ul><ul><li>how does the public/private divide impact our understanding of family? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Histories, Definitions and Legal Change <ul><li>we know what families are because we have them; we see them in popular culture; law tells us what is normative </li></ul>
  5. 5. Legal Framework <ul><li>s. 91(26) – marriage and divorce; federal jurisdiction over essence of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce Act, RSC 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>ss. 92(12);(13); (16) </li></ul><ul><li>solemnization of marriage; property and civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>Family Relations Act, RSBC 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Act , RSC 1985, s. 88 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dispute Resolution <ul><li>mediation </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative family law </li></ul><ul><li>BC Justice Review Task force </li></ul><ul><li>family autonomy, gender imbalance, cooperation, best interests of the child </li></ul>
  7. 7. Creating the Family <ul><li>marriage </li></ul><ul><li>cohabitation </li></ul><ul><li>parent/child relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new reproductive technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adoption </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Cohabitation and Marriage <ul><li>Family Relations Act , RSBC 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>definitions of spouse </li></ul><ul><li>division of matrimonial property – the last frontier </li></ul><ul><li>Walsh v. Bona , [2002] SCC 83 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Contracting a Valid Marriage <ul><li>Capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consanguinity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposite-sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fraud </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Formalities </li></ul><ul><li>Consummation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Same-sex Marriage <ul><li>Civil Marriage Act , SC 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>July 20, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Reference re Same-Sex Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Egale </li></ul>
  11. 11. Customary Marriage <ul><li>marriage pursuant to aboriginal traditions </li></ul><ul><li>formalities of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Connolly v. Woolrich </li></ul><ul><li>Family Relations Act , s. 46 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Children <ul><li>families also formed through parent/child relationships </li></ul><ul><li>parent/child definitions differ in different contexts </li></ul><ul><li>biology vs. caregiving </li></ul>
  13. 13. What is a Legal Parent? <ul><li>impact of new reproductive technologies </li></ul><ul><li>presumptions of fatherhood based on marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Vital Statistics Act, RSBC 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Family Relations Act, RSBC 1996 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Adoption <ul><li>the key aspect of adoption is the legal consequence, that when a child is adopted, they cease, in law, to be the child of their birth parent </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption Act , RSBC 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>customary adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Casimel v. ICBC , </li></ul>
  15. 15. Legal Regulation of Family Life <ul><li>some families are regulated more than other families </li></ul><ul><li>child protection </li></ul><ul><li>domestic Violence </li></ul>
  16. 16. Child Protection <ul><li>Child, Family and Community Service Act , RSBC </li></ul><ul><li>Gove Inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>child in need of protection </li></ul><ul><li>family autonomy vs. protection for vulnerable family members </li></ul>
  17. 17. Woman Abuse <ul><li>family as a safe haven </li></ul><ul><li>mediation and other forms of alternative dispute resolution </li></ul><ul><li>spousal violence at separation </li></ul>
  18. 18. Family Breakdown <ul><li>divorce </li></ul><ul><li>separation </li></ul><ul><li>law’s regulation of the separating family </li></ul>
  19. 19. Divorce <ul><li>Divorce Act , RSC 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>no fault </li></ul><ul><li>only grounds: marital breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>living separate and apart for one year </li></ul><ul><li>bars to divorce </li></ul><ul><li>negotiation more prevalent than litigation </li></ul>
  20. 20. Child Custody <ul><li>corollary of divorce </li></ul><ul><li>available to cohabitees </li></ul><ul><li>best interests of the child </li></ul><ul><li>conduct irrelevant; maximum contact </li></ul><ul><li>joint custody presumption vs. primary caregiver presumption </li></ul>
  21. 21. Access and Mobility <ul><li>decision-making tied to access </li></ul><ul><li>relocation may lead to an application for variation </li></ul><ul><li>the right to make enquiries, and to be given information, as to the health, education and welfare of the child </li></ul>
  22. 22. Economic Consequences of Family Breakdown <ul><li>division of Property </li></ul><ul><li>spousal Support </li></ul><ul><li>child Support </li></ul>
  23. 23. Division of Property <ul><li>statutory regime only available to divorcing couples </li></ul><ul><li>Walsh v. Bona </li></ul><ul><li>presumption of 50/50 divide </li></ul><ul><li>application for reapportionment </li></ul><ul><li>cohabiting couples: constructive trust </li></ul>
  24. 24. Spousal Support <ul><li>Divorce Act </li></ul><ul><li>Family Relations Act </li></ul><ul><li>quantum and duration </li></ul><ul><li>models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>means and needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>clean Break </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moge v. Moge </li></ul><ul><li>Bracklow v. Bracklow </li></ul><ul><li>variation </li></ul>
  25. 25. Spousal Support Guidelines <ul><li>advisory guidelines; not statutory </li></ul><ul><li>table format </li></ul><ul><li>Yemchuk v. Yemchuk </li></ul>
  26. 26. Child Support <ul><li>Divorce Act </li></ul><ul><li>Family Relations Act </li></ul><ul><li>Child Support Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>legislated exceptions </li></ul>
  27. 27. Thanks!

×