Classical narrative

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Classical narrative

  1. 1. Approaches to Cinema 1: Film Language and Form Week 9: Classical Narrative
  2. 2. narrative has been central to human experience since prehistoric times
  3. 3. what is classical narrative? ‘ a chain of events in a cause-effect relationship occuring in time and space ’ (Bordwell and Thompson, Film Art , 2008, p.74 <ul><li>linear </li></ul><ul><li>economical </li></ul><ul><li>at least two lines of action which intersect </li></ul>
  4. 4. three-act structure equilibrium equilibrium disrupted equilibrium restored (resolution)
  5. 5. plot and story plot all the events the film shows story all the events that the film shows and infers we create the story in our minds on the basis of cues in the plot
  6. 6. <ul><li>crime conceived </li></ul><ul><li>crime planned </li></ul><ul><li>crime committed </li></ul><ul><li>crime discovered </li></ul><ul><li>detective investigates </li></ul><ul><li>detective reveals a, b, c </li></ul>story plot
  7. 7. time plot duration story duration screen duration
  8. 8. beginnings, endings and narrative developments beginning often in media res exposition ending delay of possible outcome deadline climax resolution
  9. 9. characterisation one or two protagonists goal-oriented ideology of individualism psychologically defined with clear motivations action as ‘outward expression of inner feeling’ (Bordwell and Thompson, The Classical Hollywood Cinema , 1985, p.15)
  10. 10. focalisation film narrative experienced through character(s)
  11. 11. restricted/unrestricted information who knows what when? hierarchy of knowledge role of the narrator omniscient narrator narrator as character

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