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  • 1. Presented by Gintare Lescinskaite, Gilberto Santos, Chi-Yang Ho
  • 2. What is dyslexia
  • 3. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability
  • 4. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well
  • 5. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are:
  • 6. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling
  • 7. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling • Concentration
  • 8. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling • Concentration • Short-term memory
  • 9. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling • Concentration • Short-term memory • Arithmetic
  • 10. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling • Concentration • Short-term memory • Arithmetic • Physical coordination – poor handwriting, riding a bike
  • 11. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling • Concentration • Short-term memory • Arithmetic • Physical coordination – poor handwriting, riding a bike • Communication skills
  • 12. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling • Concentration • Short-term memory • Arithmetic • Physical coordination – poor handwriting, riding a bike • Communication skills • Social skills - difficulty in making friends
  • 13. What is dyslexia • Dyslexia is a learning disability • It is more common in children but it persists throughout adult life as well The symptoms are: • Reading, writing and spelling • Concentration • Short-term memory • Arithmetic • Physical coordination – poor handwriting, riding a bike • Communication skills • Social skills - difficulty in making friends • Being prone to tantrums
  • 14. Check if you are dyslexics
  • 15. The percentage of dyslexics in the world
  • 16. The percentage of dyslexics in the world 15% 85% The percentage of dyslexics
  • 17. Famous people who have dyslexia
  • 18. Famous people who have dyslexia
  • 19. Types of dyslexia
  • 20. Types of dyslexia • Trauma dyslexia - rarely seen in today's school-age population. its caused by a brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing.
  • 21. Types of dyslexia • Trauma dyslexia - rarely seen in today's school-age population. its caused by a brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing. • Primary dyslexia - is a dysfunction type, rather than damage one, does not change with age. people with this type of Dyslexia may struggle with reading, spelling, and writing as adults. It is passed in family lines through their genes and It is found more often in boys than in girls.
  • 22. Types of dyslexia • Trauma dyslexia - rarely seen in today's school-age population. its caused by a brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing. • Primary dyslexia - is a dysfunction type, rather than damage one, does not change with age. people with this type of Dyslexia may struggle with reading, spelling, and writing as adults. It is passed in family lines through their genes and It is found more often in boys than in girls. • Secondary or developmental dyslexia - is caused by hormonal development during the early stages of fetal development. it gets worse when the child get older and It is also more common in boys.
  • 23. The examples of what dyslexics see
  • 24. The examples of what dyslexics see
  • 25. The examples of what dyslexics see
  • 26. Examples that dyslexics canʼt read
  • 27. Examples that dyslexics canʼt read
  • 28. Smartphone interface confusing for dyslexics
  • 29. Trouble and Need
  • 30. Trouble and Need • Trouble: flashing texts, variations in fonts, sounds and animation, textured and patterned backgrounds
  • 31. Trouble and Need • Trouble: flashing texts, variations in fonts, sounds and animation, textured and patterned backgrounds • Need: clear, simple, consistent graphic navigational icons.
  • 32. Things to obey
  • 33. Things to obey • Text Size – 12 pixels minimum
  • 34. Things to obey • Text Size – 12 pixels minimum • Font Style – Sans-serif, Arial, Comic Sans, Verdana, Helvetica, Tahoma and Trebuchet
  • 35. Things to obey • Text Size – 12 pixels minimum • Font Style – Sans-serif, Arial, Comic Sans, Verdana, Helvetica, Tahoma and Trebuchet • Spacing – Use line spacing between paragraphs to break
  • 36. Things to obey • Text Size – 12 pixels minimum • Font Style – Sans-serif, Arial, Comic Sans, Verdana, Helvetica, Tahoma and Trebuchet • Spacing – Use line spacing between paragraphs to break • Justification – Do not right justify the text
  • 37. Things to obey • Text Size – 12 pixels minimum • Font Style – Sans-serif, Arial, Comic Sans, Verdana, Helvetica, Tahoma and Trebuchet • Spacing – Use line spacing between paragraphs to break • Justification – Do not right justify the text • Paragraphs – Keep them short
  • 38. Things to obey • Text Size – 12 pixels minimum • Font Style – Sans-serif, Arial, Comic Sans, Verdana, Helvetica, Tahoma and Trebuchet • Spacing – Use line spacing between paragraphs to break • Justification – Do not right justify the text • Paragraphs – Keep them short • Numbered menus items
  • 39. Things to obey • Text Size – 12 pixels minimum • Font Style – Sans-serif, Arial, Comic Sans, Verdana, Helvetica, Tahoma and Trebuchet • Spacing – Use line spacing between paragraphs to break • Justification – Do not right justify the text • Paragraphs – Keep them short • Numbered menus items • Writing Style – use short words/simple sentences
  • 40. Things to avoid
  • 41. Things to avoid • Capitalization
  • 42. Things to avoid • Capitalization • Italics
  • 43. Things to avoid • Capitalization • Italics • Moving text
  • 44. Things to avoid • Capitalization • Italics • Moving text • Flash / Gif animations
  • 45. Things to avoid • Capitalization • Italics • Moving text • Flash / Gif animations • Abbreviations
  • 46. Mock-up for smartphone application hello there: how do you do recently? It’s cold here. Take care! Example: Read Regular
  • 47. Software options
  • 48. Software options • The “big button”
  • 49. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice
  • 50. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice • Design choice
  • 51. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice • Design choice • Screen color choice
  • 52. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice • Design choice • Screen color choice • Text color choice
  • 53. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice • Design choice • Screen color choice • Text color choice • Voice recognition programs
  • 54. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice • Design choice • Screen color choice • Text color choice • Voice recognition programs • Text / Screen reader
  • 55. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice • Design choice • Screen color choice • Text color choice • Voice recognition programs • Text / Screen reader • Mind mapping
  • 56. Software options • The “big button” • Font choice • Design choice • Screen color choice • Text color choice • Voice recognition programs • Text / Screen reader • Mind mapping • Accessibility programs
  • 57. References Dyslexia Scotwest (2009) Technology Solutions. Available at: http:// www.dyslexiasw.com/advice/ (Accessed: 28 October 2009) Dyslexia the Gift (2008) Web Design for Dyslexic Users. Available at: http://www.dyslexia.com/info/ (Accessed: 28 October 2009) Mickwood.com (2005) What problems do disabled Internet users face? Available at: http://www.mickwood.com/articles/ (Accessed: 28 October 2009) Patoss (2009) Toolbar help. Available at: http://www.patoss- dyslexia.org/ (Accessed: 28 October 2009) Read Regular (2003) Introduction. Available at: http:// www.readregular.com/english/ (Accessed: 28 October 2009) The dyslexia website from Xtraordinary People (2009) About dyslexia and Xtraordinary People. Available at: http:// www.xtraordinarypeople.com/ (Accessed: 28 October 2009) The Pickards (2006) Designing for Dyslexia. Available at: http:// www.thepickards.co.uk/Articles/ (Accessed: 28 October 2009)