Planning Chicago: An Historical Perspective on our Present-Day Problems

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Presented by Prof. Brad Hunt, Roosevelt University, at the CivicLab, February 24, 2014. The CivicLab is America's only co-working space dedicated to collaboration, education and innovation for civic engagement. http://www.civiclab.us.

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Planning Chicago: An Historical Perspective on our Present-Day Problems

  1. 1. Planning Chicago presentation at the Civic Lab Monday, February 24 2013 D. Bradford Hunt Dean, College of Professional Studies Vice Provost, Adult and Experiential Learning
  2. 2. Chicago Plans Downtown Comprehensive Planning for the city’s future, 1958-1974
  3. 3. The Heyday of Modern Planning in Chicago 1958 - 1973 1958 1966 1973 3
  4. 4. Richard J. Daley Consolidates Planning Power, 1956-1957 • Creates Public Building Commission of Chicago (1956) • Enacts Zoning Reform (1957) • Creates Department of City Planning (1957)
  5. 5. Development Plan for the Central Area of Chicago, 1958 • “Compact, accessible Loop” • 50,000 new residents (middleclass) • New University of Illinois campus • Limited clearance and displacement • Endorsed Transit expansion
  6. 6. Growth Coalition Mayor Richard J. Daley and city leaders viewing model of 1958 Development Plan for the Central Area of Chicago
  7. 7. Railroad Space in Chicago, 1930 Encyclopedia of Chicago, 2004
  8. 8. Downtown Living: Marina City (1963) 8
  9. 9. New University of Illinois Campus (1964) University of Illinois Campus, no date, 1970s
  10. 10. Transit Investment, 1950s 10
  11. 11. The 1966 Comprehensive Plan of Chicago • Covered the whole city • $500 million in capital spending per year • Follow-on regulatory framework plans • Chicago 21 plan for central area 11
  12. 12. The 1966 Comprehensive Plan of Chicago 12
  13. 13. Follow-on Regulatory Plan: Illinois Center (1968) Illinois Central Rail Yards, 1947
  14. 14. Illinois Center and Lakeshore East, 2012
  15. 15. Follow-on Regulatory Plans: Lakefront Plan (1972) and Riveredge Plan (1974) 15
  16. 16. Chicago 21 • Bold plans for downtown living • Bold Plans for Near South (Dearborn Park) • Transit ideas • State Street Mall 16
  17. 17. “Chicago 21” (1973) and Dearborn Park 17
  18. 18. Mayor Harold Washington and Jobs 18
  19. 19. Goose Island, Planned Manufacturing District, 2012 19
  20. 20. City of Chicago Industrial Corridors, 2011 20
  21. 21. Industrial Corridors: Calumet Area Land Plan 2001 21
  22. 22. Planning for Jobs: Ford’s Chicago Assembly Plant Calumet Industrial Corridor 22
  23. 23. Chicago Plans the Neighborhoods Race, class, and the neighborhoods
  24. 24. Neighborhood Planning: Urban Renewal Urban Renewal on Chicago’s South Side, 1954 Lake Meadows (complete) and future South Commons site, 1955
  25. 25. Neighborhood Planning: Backlash against Top-Down Planning and the Rise of Community-Based Planning The Woodlawn Organization
  26. 26. Neighborhood Planning: Uptown, Voice of the People 26
  27. 27. Englewood: Retail decline Halsted Street near 63rd Street, 2000 27
  28. 28. Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College, 2008
  29. 29. Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College, 2008
  30. 30. Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) New Communities Program “Quality-of-Life” planning process
  31. 31. Englewood Quality of Life Plan, 2005
  32. 32. Englewood Quality of Life Plan, 2005
  33. 33. Englewood: Kennedy-King Community College, 2008
  34. 34. Chicago Returns to Downtown Central Area Plan 2003 Central Area Action Plan 2009
  35. 35. Chicago Central Area Plan, 2003 35
  36. 36. Office Growth in West Loop, Chicago Central Area Plan, 2003 36
  37. 37. West Loop Transportation Center, 2003 37
  38. 38. West Loop Transportation Center, 2003 38
  39. 39. Transitway under Monroe Street, 2003 39
  40. 40. Transitways, 2003 Central Area Plan 40
  41. 41. Central Area Action Plan, 2009 Transportation needs 41
  42. 42. Olympic Bid 42
  43. 43. Challenges for the present and future Will the city rise to them?
  44. 44. Population, Race, and Immigration 44
  45. 45. Population Change, 2000-2010 45
  46. 46. 46
  47. 47. Tax Increment Financing Districts 2011 47
  48. 48. Mayor Emanuel and Planning • Budget for Department of Housing and Economic Development (DHED) down by 40% in recent years • Recently revived Department of Planning • “Privatization of Planning” – World Business Chicago – OECD Territorial Review • “Quick Recruitment Hits” 48
  49. 49. Planning Chicago Agenda • Increase transit capacity • Adapt industrial policy to rapidly changing needs • Pursue robust neighborhood planning • Assert planning as a priority and as a “public good” 49
  50. 50. 50

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