Roland Bathes

639 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
639
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Roland Bathes

  1. 1. Roland Bathes Narrative codes
  2. 2. <ul><li>French literary theorist </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>Five codes that can be seen (‘woven’) in(to) any narrative. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Hermeneutic Code <ul><li>Elements of the story that are mysteries/not fully explained to the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Often deliberate; the truth is avoided, for example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Snares : deliberately avoiding the truth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivocations : partial or incomplete answers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jammings : openly acknowledge that there is no answer to a problem. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Proairetic Code <ul><li>Builds tension by referring to any other action or event </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates something will happen and the reader guesses the rest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Works with Hermeneutic Codes to develop tension. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It keeps the reader/viewer hooked to the text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Were described by Barthes as: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;...dependent on ... two sequential codes: the revelation of truth and the coordination of the actions represented: there is the same constraint in the gradual order of melody and in the equally gradual order of the narrative sequence.&quot; </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Semantic Code <ul><li>Refers to connotations that gives extra meaning than the denotation alone </li></ul><ul><li>Extended meaning can be applied to words so writers can describe things quite vividly with only a limited number of words (or in the case of film, images/semiotics) </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Symbolic Code <ul><li>Similar to the Semantic Code, but acts at a wider level </li></ul><ul><li>Organises semantic meanings into broader and deeper sets of meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Often done in the use of antithesis, where new meaning arises out of opposing and conflict ideas. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Cultural Code <ul><li>This code refers to anything that is founded on some kind of basic text (eg. Myths and legends) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can’t be challenged as they are culturally true </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often involves science or religion </li></ul><ul><li>The Gnomic Code is a cultural code that refers to sayings, proverbs, clichés </li></ul>

×