Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

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This PowerPoint presentation was made to accompany a lecture on Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in both European History and American Government courses. Hobbes' Leviathan and Locke's Two Treatises of Government are both discussed. Hobbes and Locke are compared and contrasted with a graphic organizer at the end of the presentation.

Visit my YouTube channel (www.youtube.com/tomforamerica) to see the lecture that goes with these slides!

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Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

  1. 1. Jacques Thomas John BOSSUET HOBBES LOCKE Divine Right ABSOLUTISM Philosophical ABSOLUTISM Philosophical & Biblical CONSTITUTIONALISM
  2. 2. Jacques Thomas John BOSSUET HOBBES LOCKE Divine Right ABSOLUTISM Philosophical ABSOLUTISM Philosophical & Biblical CONSTITUTIONALISM
  3. 3. 1. What is the origin of government? 2. How much authority should the state have over the individual?
  4. 4. THOMAS HOBBES Leviathan (1651) Defense of Philosophical Absolutism
  5. 5. Some rights reserved by Rudolf Getel
  6. 6. STATE OF W AR
  7. 7. STATE OF W AR
  8. 8. S P N B S
  9. 9. S P N B S
  10. 10. LEVIATHAN
  11. 11. CLICK to Read
  12. 12. BEHOLD, THE HOPE OF HIM IS IN V AIN: SHALL NOT ONE BE CAST DOWN EVEN AT THE SIGHT OF HIM? NONE IS SO FIERCE THAT DARE STIR HIM UP: WHO THEN IS ABLE TO STAND BEFORE ME?
  13. 13. OUT OF HIS MOUTH GO BURNING LAMPS, AND SPARKS OF FIRE LEAP OUT. OUT OF HIS NOSTRILS GOETH SMOKE, AS OUT OF A SEETHING POT OR CALDRON.
  14. 14. HIS HEART IS AS FIRM AS A STONE…
  15. 15. A ruler should be powerful enough to be beyond challenge.
  16. 16. TRUST? Some rights reserved by stanzebla
  17. 17. Hobbes wrote Leviathan in the midst of the English Civil War
  18. 18. JOHN LOCKE Tw o Treatises of Government (1689) Defense of Constitutionalism
  19. 19. Some rights reserved by Rudolf Getel
  20. 20. LIFE LIBERTY PROPERTY
  21. 21. GLORIOUS AND [ALMOST] BLOODLESS REVOLUTION
  22. 22. WWW.TOMRICHEY.NET/EURO
  23. 23. Question The Original State of Humankind Divine Right or Social Contract? HOBBES LOCKE State of NATURE SOCIAL Contract COMPARE (How are they similar?) Agree?
  24. 24. Question WHY Government? Where does sovereignty reside? Can a government’s power be limited? Right of REVOLUTION? HOBBES LOCKE To Protect us FROM OURSELVES To Protect NATURAL RIGHTS The MONARCH The PEOPLE NO NO YES YES CONTRAST (How do they differ?) Agree?

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