Explain the causes and effects of urbanizationin late nineteenth-century America, includingthe movement from farm to city, thechanging immigration patterns, the rise ofethnic neighborhoods, the role of politicalmachines, and the migration of AfricanAmericans to the North, Midwest, and West.Compare the accomplishments andlimitations of the women’s suffragemovement and the Progressive Movement inaffecting social and political reforms inAmerica, including the roles of the media andof reformers such as Carrie Chapman Catt,Alice Paul, Jane Addams, and presidentsTheodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson.
New Immigrants Southern Europe Italy Greece Eastern Europe Russia Poland Catholic, Orthodox, Jewish Non-English-speaking countries Republican Traditions
Ellis Island New York CityImmigrants being processed, 1904
A View from the Ferry Photo Credit: Jason Jennings (Class of 2012)
NYCToday EthnicNeighborhoods Source: New York Times
Jacob Riis Photographer How the Other Half Lives Documented living conditions in New York City’s tenements. Sweatshops LINK: http://www.authentichistory.com/1898- 1913/2-progressivism/2-riis/index.html
“Settlement House”Jane Addams Movement Hull House Chicago, IL Education, Job Training, Child Care, etc. Social and economic opportunities for the Addams working class
NATIVISM Group English Good 66% Bad  6% Irish 62% 7%1982 Opinion Poll: Jews 59% 9%"Thinking both of what Germans 57% 11%they have contributed to Italians 56% 10%this country and have Poles 53% 12%gotten from this country, Japanese 47% 18%for each one tell me Blacks 46% 16%whether you think, on Chinese 44% 19%balance, theyve been a Mexicans 25% 34%good or a bad thing for Koreans 24% 30%this country." Vietnamese 20% 38% See Wikipedia for more Puerto Ricans 17% 43% public opinion figures on Haitians 10% 39% immigration in the United States. Cubans 9% 59%
Chinese Exclusion Act First US Law to restrict immigration based on nationality or race Remained on the books in various forms until 1943
No Soup For You!"A Matter of Taste." (c. 1883). Thomas Nast.(John Chinaman refuses Soup in KearneysSenatorial Restaurant--refers to legislation “How can Christianspertaining to Chinese Exclusion Act) stomach such diet?”
"Pacific Chivalry." (August 7, 1869). Thomas Nast. (California ruffian whips John Chinaman) http://www.csub.edu/~gsantos/img0048.html
Thomas Nast, cartoon - "The Comet of Chinese Labor" (1870) http://www.csub.edu/~gsantos/img0049.html
"The Chinese Question." (February 18, 1871). Thomas Nast. (Columbia defends disconsolae John Chinaman from nativist Attacks)http://www.csub.edu/~gsantos/img0050.html
Gentleman’s Agreement (1907) EXCLUSION BY LAW EXCLUSION BY AGREEMENTJapan agrees to control emigration ifU.S. does not pass a law and treatsexisting Japanese immigrants fairly.
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