The Ancient Greek Olympics (Ancient History)

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The Ancient Greek Olympics (Ancient History)

  1. 1. T H 4». 4’. A; E 1* ‘[1! . r-- 7*‘ -i_1 ,
  2. 2. C! ‘uaIci(. hce Ea»: I 3 Dodonao 7Aeo| ia L I, ’ Leudisfi . 4 ; rr 4 . F, £|lJl'JC’{x « De'ph'° 3090“? ‘. ;oCha| ki$ %_ . "~S, r3), "na T T _ ‘ é Theges T ; Aegean Sea Chuos. cephattoma ; mggara , ,0”, F CognthO]T, 7 — TQAthens Andros °Ep| Za thos 7”" '90 ‘SN M " ‘ Cy" ‘O'ymp'a° Arcadia ° 9. ' % Samgs’ A'9°. $«. VEP1da. U"JS % to Miletl mian Sea ME, S,3en, a Sparta ‘ ‘ CYC'ad€3 pyloso Lacomaé Waxes - {$975 Thera" Was 2,: 5.2:. tar. ’ %"rliif¢- m. .m‘. .:
  3. 3. !('V‘ . ""= ea -wA: :+f: H 1*’ we rs “ "--4 I ‘e. u" J4». .‘. ¢ “. :3-.4’. Vr. ,.. ’—4 , _ x‘I‘ ‘ : .'Si”. fa‘-1.1!‘. ¢_ ‘. .. ‘ A VERY PHYSICAL SPORT Some Rights Reserved by Dan Diffendale
  4. 4. Every Greek c1'ty~state lzaddesjgnated areas for public 3 thlctic t1'a1'n1'1g Pompeii gymnasium, Photo Credit: Kgil
  5. 5. The root of gymnasium is the Greek word for naked.
  6. 6. OLIVE OIL The ONLY clothing worn in an ancient Greek gymnasium °"= °it= ‘——9—: v9“h? vL1'f£; _
  7. 7. S0113; ladies. Sports are for the guys!
  8. 8. v v F. F»
  9. 9. The Olympics were both an athletic cohtestand a relzgious festival. A Sanctuary to Zeus rd J 9
  10. 10. i i ', .» my , . “ '. i , ‘ 9 / 3 “T ‘J 1 if T . : » . 1 /3 ‘ ‘ , ‘ i _. ’ _ '5 . ‘ii ‘ ‘ ,4, . -."‘- fear‘: 3.2 ‘ n /3: 4 I A Sanctuary to Zeus - - I, . / I , x . __ ‘ / V. V, ‘ / ‘V « z The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Roman Seated Zeus, marble and bronze (restored), following the type established by Phidias (Hermitage Museum)
  11. 11. The Olympics were held evezy four _}7€d1”S. (just like today)
  12. 12. AG ON A CONTEST or STRUGGLE
  13. 13. THE OLYMPIC GAMES Events Included: ° Long lump ° lavelin Throw ° Discus Throw ° $12. ° Wrestling ° Pankration ° Boxing ° Chariot Race ° Hoplite Race
  14. 14. 1“ She couldn’t compete in the Olympics i _g because she’s racist. g * « X f _' * ‘ "'*- at N‘ _ . . 28 I ~ Controversial Greek longjumper, . , ' VoulaPaachristou Photo©AP
  15. 15. T E s TRY
  16. 16. I i f l . , I I 1 i i i‘ ’ l i i As? ‘_ l ‘ f ‘ vigil i j ' . ii‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ 1 .1 ‘ ‘ T ‘ I ‘ 5‘ 1 l ‘ 1' I I i l I ’ I L. .__/ J L—_/ ‘i ——/ {Yr ’ J. L_. _/; ’ 1‘ J But Wom en in ancient Greece co uldn ’t compete heca use they were Women.
  17. 17. Married women ; A‘; were not even f -« allowed to if’ "or . ' . _‘ u . ‘ g . « . . . . . .-n" ‘ . . ‘ . 4 ‘ ‘ +v. ;-. _ . _ 4' . -- 01:. " g . _ - ‘ the Olympic
  18. 18. Greek women did not A ' ‘ generally train for Athletic competitions, _ ~ though there were exceptions (most . . ‘ notably Sparta). 31:11:74: 5.~i‘m‘m= ii(= ~ oi’‘~: ~éiIi’n-IinIu'= i* _91vo§sr’lb1i' iugm g. -_; _omr¢_; :‘, . . =mi‘L~u ‘Will’! -7‘i‘sl, |i'l'l, li'
  19. 19. GAMES Separate games for women were held at , Olympia to honor Hera. ‘ 7 f. . I J-’ -, ,___ Mf 1 J .7 “)4 , . .m 3 :21 _ V . J A -‘-‘ —. V‘-"n :19 _g ‘ rg: -—? ‘ ‘ . - ’ _ " . ‘ . - . ‘ '7 ~- _ 'Y‘y""- ward o 1 330' ‘R ‘ “ . . V ‘r. , , .! "&7~. -. 3!: _‘ . ’» -7 1 ‘* ' ‘Sag '9‘ rr "“ I Ruins of the Temple of Hera at Olympia L. 4: ” " Photo by
  20. 20. Jumping weights used by Greek athletes in the Olympics Greek j um pers jumped with the help of handheld / ’ , .2~“ " A O A Weights. ,4 Greek long jumper jumps while ajudge watches Photos and More Info: http: //anciento| ympics. arts. kuleuven. be
  21. 21. --/ ~‘ . , . ... s.—-—"' ‘
  22. 22. IAVELIN
  23. 23. The Diskobolus of Myron (5“‘ Century B. C.)
  24. 24. ri, "ii rs’ i rrsw in/ — 1 ll ‘ ll l . l I ii I -W'- « i i I l ‘l 4). 4 id 3 4‘ «W. l , _— . gM. _. .: . :_t~: v.. ; A starting block at Olympia . A , it A The ancient ' ' Olympics _ pi featuredboth ; « sprints and long~ ‘ , « distance races. Greek sprinters advance toward a turning post
  25. 25. ‘ T h ‘ : . 2 Z’ ’— . ' ' . . ’. ' - , . _ ‘ _ _ v . "N I. ' ‘ . _ . l ‘ , ,. 4 x‘-* -9-. ‘ _ ‘ . .o _ — ' . , ~ . . « ho . ~ ~ ’ _ Z ‘ -. . . » an-» «'. a.: _ 7 _" ‘ “T ' ~ , . Y _ _. ,«_ - _ , , . . v. ._ . - ; : 2, _ —‘<- . ' ~- ~~ * - .4. ' _‘ » . . . _ . . . ‘ L: V e . — -, e . ._: A._ . .- . "-. : " ‘ ' I . ‘I’ -4. 3‘ . ~ .5. "‘ ‘ ; - 3, . “ , _ Z. ‘ ‘ “"i ’. J _ V 7-" . 41.. . - -‘P .4, ‘ ' ‘v “ _ . A . . > _7 . ’ ’ ' . " ’ ’ . . ‘ - . )4.» ~’ . . _ l g . . _ . .‘ ‘fix. - “ '/ ‘ . _ ~- . r . , . , . _. - g - it . C _ -_ l in . . _ ~ _ . _ " " , _ - . ‘ . N‘ ' . J ‘, _ . ., - V . ‘ * ‘ , ‘ . ' - » . .’ ‘ ,
  26. 26. "*‘ is ‘i’ The ultimate can test of strength , n- . . ‘ , ¢~ : ‘:: .. . .. . . .a _; >‘ - Mr ‘--~f~. '.‘*‘; ~'. ‘‘ ~— . . . ‘~. . , A L. .__. ... . . .; *.- . — — »A if ‘il; r>l‘« Photo Credit: Sharon Mollerus
  27. 27. W-r-I ‘rs ii-" i-4 i“ ii i is I. ‘ -l Ali ‘ av‘: 42- 3 eat. ’ . ‘‘. a’. J". 4-ll. 4-2-Ill’ 4‘. 1 . --1: , — . _. .: ‘V “ 2'‘ : ur: 9, rr at 8!‘ V VF! ‘/ ‘I Q. Pen tathletes competed in five different events to display all~ around g athleticism. A - 27' 1'" §‘53i. ii_%Li§‘i "ET? ! ’
  28. 28. 7 . , , 7. . ,. , . , , , r in , _ . i‘ ‘ ‘ i . r i . rt . r i. ‘ "r‘ I “ L, . A ~ ' i ‘ ‘ C‘-nos ‘ i i ii ‘/ .2. j l ‘ , /V i i i V “ I l I 1- 7 e/ '. z 1 a . 4 . ,. /'3 '5 .4 t ' « vi “A11Powers” O Pan + kratia Rules: - N 0 Biting — N o Gouging ‘ N 0 Time Limit A bronze smaller reproduction in Munich ofa Roman marble after a 3rd c. BC Greek depiction — Three Ways t0 end of pankratists grappling and striking
  29. 29. Due to its extremely Violentna ture, the panlcration has never been featured in the modern Olympic games. :32 : ''3§. . ‘ '5 / V 7 _ , __. _. . i * ‘ T if _ __ — -—— L ' '4"; -‘-' “*1 _—. ' i '5.. . L= « »_ . :~-, .. ‘ Photo Credit: MatthiasKabel
  30. 30. ’- /4. . /(J 5 H d . - _ s / l-«. * . ,-_‘ F- , r~ ,9: —:4_‘”( A Boxer Submits Protective Leather Boxing matches were a Greek tradition dating back to the Minoans and Mycenaeans.
  31. 31. .» . . . . _. ¢
  32. 32. .. r
  33. 33. e . , - Ni n .94 . IS . 15.: / -_ 1 a i. ,. .I 6./ l r / , . / .1./4 , » ll arrz. / ii
  34. 34. I ,1 q. .. 5 CHARIOT RACE
  35. 35. T‘ _. X "c. ‘,‘ ‘ / '-. "'c “g V )0.» ‘2‘ l Unlike other Olympic events, which featured nude participants, in the hoplitodromos ran around the stadium in full armor. V ‘ I / _ / / , / . ' / ‘ W ; X / / JX _ ‘B , ’ ‘Y
  36. 36. MILITARY READINESS All of the events in the Olympic games conditioned young men for military service.
  37. 37. Rank by Gold Country ~r Gold silver Bronze Total 1 *5 United States of America 46 29 29 104 2 "’ People's Republic of China 38 27 23 88 3 Great Britain 29 17 19 65 4 Russian Federation 24 26 32 82 5 5») Republic of Korea 13 8 7 28 6 rg“ Germany 11 19 14 44 7 France 11 11 12 34 8 Italy 8 9 11 28 9 Hungary 8 4 5 17 10 :3-:3 Australia 7 16 12 35 ' F‘ ~ V. , . , : "'51: ‘L r 5 ’ I I I - I / ». ,» ,4»! _ . -‘mun<: e nil ’-. .;-An
  38. 38. C! ‘1a1<: ;(hce Ambracia . o 1, OPergamu fAeo| ia Leutgijsj‘ E_ '1 I 1 I " Y ' :1 LUUU ‘V Cephallonia H V _° ‘ f 0980" ea ’ . .-Hg. ' Me_garao ‘ Igm _ C . 1 1, 7 —e-” eOAtl1ens'~ W za "I v‘; .It: °23."‘°] , Andros OEp| cyn osfio . gm; . 'ymp'a° ArcadiaA° Q . e - » *5"""? i S . 1, '9“ “~<. EF_"“a~“'”5 2 go Miletl mian Sea Messema Sparta)‘ Q Cyclades pyloso Lficonnl RNGXOS 11,5“: «W» is %">I'«-m m. .m‘. .:
  39. 39. Greek city~states rewarded their athletes Well for bringing honor to the poljs at the Olympic games. Maocredit v A-——v-_-7-u-fr‘fi~—v --_ , -. . ,. » — ~. .°' : Sigma Publications A
  40. 40. T T <7 -3-? ‘ ¢7 ¢--; 1-‘ _. x _/ ‘T ‘ TN‘ :2“ Z. /' 4 1 , ANYONE could win at the Olympics, regardless of social class.
  41. 41. I heAthIete as Celebrity The Calf Bearer (Archaic Greek Sculpture) Photo by Dennis Jarvis
  42. 42. t, ,1 ll _. ‘Pnl. l.c= I.t1, £1 I. I.Em. r1r’1fm: ., c_i_'n_(_L1 'e1:~. _1-:1

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