Ancient Egypt (World History)
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Ancient Egypt (World History)

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Ancient Egypt for World History and Western Civilization ...

Ancient Egypt for World History and Western Civilization

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  • Osiris is pictured mummified from toe to chest. His green skin symbolizes rebirth. He wears the white crown of Upper Egypt, decorated with two ostrich feathers. His crook and flail were shepherds' instruments, leading scholars to believe that he originated as a god of herding tribes.
  • Osiris is pictured mummified from toe to chest. His green skin symbolizes rebirth. He wears the white crown of Upper Egypt, decorated with two ostrich feathers. His crook and flail were shepherds' instruments, leading scholars to believe that he originated as a god of herding tribes.

Ancient Egypt (World History) Ancient Egypt (World History) Presentation Transcript

  • Ancient Egypt Photo by Keith Yahl
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS Geography Religion Old Kingdom New Kingdom
  • Geography of Ancient Egypt
  • Sahara Desert
  • The “Gift of the Nile” – Herodotus Some rights reserved by Dale Gillard
  • Regular Floods (Annual) Some rights reserved by shaimaa85
  • Fertile Soil Some rights reserved by Dale Gillard
  • A Highway Some rights reserved by dungodung Uniting Upper & Lower Egypt
  • Interactive Map Click a section to zoom in! Mediterranean Sea Nile River Nile Delta Nile Floodplain Red Sea Upper Egypt Lower Egypt Sinai Peninsula Sahara Desert Africa Asia Memphis Thebes AmarnaMap Credit: Jeff Dahl
  • Some rights reserved by Jeff Kubina
  • Good River Good Gods Some rights reserved by David Berkowitz
  • King of the Gods / Sun God (Amun) (Ra) Self-created / Creator of Humans Solar Barge [or chariot] Amun-Ra
  • Solar Barge Image Source: mythencyclopedia.com
  • Khufu Ship Some rights reserved by Templar1307
  • Map Credit: MesserWoland Boat Pits Ships were buried next to pyramids so that pharaohs could travel with Ra in the afterlife.
  • To View the Myth of Osiris and Isis Some rights reserved by ideacreamanuelaPps Osiris Isis Horus The Royal Family CLICK HERE! of Egyptian Mythology
  • Osiris King of the Underworld Judge of the Dead
  • Isis“Throne” Goddess of Motherhood Fertility
  • Set Storms Chaos Desert Foreigners
  • A Trap Some rights reserved by austinmills
  • Usurper Set made himself pharaoh in Osiris’ place.
  • Isis Photo Credit: Gérard Ducher weeps over the loss of Osiris (Louvre)
  • Horus Son of Isis and Osiris
  • Isis nurses Horus Some rights reserved by ancientartpodcast.org
  • Vs.
  • Deposed
  • Carne Some rights reserved by shaynabright
  • Incarnation of Horus
  • Horus in the Flesh
  • Double Crown Red Crown (Lower Egypt) White Crown (Upper Egypt)
  • Egypt’s dry climate preserved dead bodies. Belief in an Afterlife Mummification Embalming GAME Mummification
  • Ethical Religion The Book of the Dead Did Egyptians believe their gods to be… Benevolent? Omnipotent? Omnipresent? Omniscient? Eternal? ETHICS
  • Ma’at Truth Balance Justice Anubis Embalming “Guardian of the Scales” The Afterlife
  • A mysterious symbol believed to represent eternal life
  • R.I.P. Steve Irwin 1962-2006 Some rights reserved by lovebuzz
  • Sobek Crocodile God Patron of the Military
  • Visualization Exercise Identify each of the following god(esse)s. What are the distinguishing features of each?
  • Identify each of the following god(esse)s. What are the distinguishing features of each? Visualization Exercise
  • The Old Kingdom Photo Credit: Ricardo Liberato
  • Pharaoh “Great House” In this life and the next, the Pharaoh lived in the great house.
  • Pyramids at Giza
  • Truth Balance Order Justice Picture Credit: Jeff Dahl Ma’at
  • The pharaoh’s job was to keep the land in ma’at. Ma’at
  • A Keeper of ORDER
  • UNIFIER of Egypt
  • The Narmer Palette shows an early Egyptian pharaoh, Narmer, uniting Upper and Lower Egypt.
  • The Narmer Palette
  • Pharaoh as Unifier
  • Red Crown (Lower Egypt) White Crown (Upper Egypt)
  • DEIFICATION Pharaoh as “God-King”
  • Timeline of Ancient Egypt OLD KINGDOM (c. 2660 – c. 2180 B.C.) INTERRUPTION: Civil War MIDDLE KINGDOM (c. 2080 – c. 1640) INTERRUPTION: Hyksos NEW KINGDOM (Empire) (c. 1550 – c. 1075) NOTE: Stability only broken TWICE in about 1500 years.
  • Capital: Memphis (Lower Egypt) Pyramid Arena Memphis, TN The Great Sphinx of Giza The Great Pyramid of Giza
  • Khufu was here
  • educated class of skilled laborers (like scribes) re-marked boundaries after annual Nile flooding Measured pyramids Photo Credit: http://oxfordlandsurveying.com/wp- content/uploads/2011/02/land-surveyor.jpg
  • “Three surveyors and another guy…” George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Abraham Lincoln were all trained as land surveyors.
  • Lots of cool stuff probably happened… …but it’s outside the scope of this course…
  • Nomads? Set up a capital in the delta. Shared Bronze Age technology (moving beyond Stone Age)
  • Diffusion of Bronze Age Technology Hittite Empire
  • The New Kingdom Some rights reserved by sukesu
  • Capital: Thebes – (Upper Egypt) Important Pharaohs: • Hatshepsut • Thutmose III • Akhenaten • Tutankhamun • Ramesses II [the Great]
  • OLD KINGDOM NEW KINGDOM Capital City Memphis (Lower Egypt) Thebes (Upper Egypt) Burial Place Pyramids Valley of the Kings
  • • Female Pharaoh – One of the first known female rulers • “King” of Egypt
  • Hatshepsut’s Temple Valley of the Kings
  • Hatshepsut’s Temple Valley of the Kings
  • • In what god’s likeness is she represented here?
  • • Hatshepsut’s Stepson – Co-regent until her death • Sole ruler afterwards – Commanded her armies • “Napoleon of Egypt” – Great military leader and conqueror
  • Erected by Thutmose III to commemorate his victories • Tallest obelisk in Rome – Shipped from Egypt • 32 m. tall • 230 tons
  • Another of Thutmose III’s obelisks – transported to Constantinople by Theodosius I
  • Photo by profzucker
  • Monotheism Akhenaten claimed that the sun (Aten) was the only god. Amarna
  • FAIL Monotheism in Egypt died with Akhenaten… …but the idea survived to fight another day.
  • Son of Akhenaten • Polytheism Re-established • Capital  Thebes 1922 – Nearly intact tomb discovered
  • Discovery of nearly intact tomb in 1922 sparked interest in ancient Egypt
  • Reigned 1279-1213 B.C. – Lived 96 Years Monuments and temples galore! Photo by lamimesis
  • The Ramesseum
  • • Hittite Empire – Asia Minor • Modern Turkey • Ramses II vs. Hittites – Large chariot battle
  • an ancient form of paper Makes writing easier, but not as durable as stone or clay Papyrus Reeds
  • Discovered 18th c. by Napoleon’s soldiers allowed scholars to translate hieroglyphics The Egyptians engraved important documents in stone. Hieroglyphics “Demotic” Greek
  • • Egypt has continued to fascinate us thousands of years later. • Egyptologists study Egypt for a living.