Second Degree Objectivity

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Second Degree Objectivity

  1. 1. Visualising Second-Degree ObjectivityTommaso VenturiniMatheu JacomyDonato Ricci
  2. 2. First-degree objectivity
  3. 3. The blind menand the elephant
  4. 4. A vision from above …
  5. 5. A vision from above …
  6. 6. … or from far away?Gabriel Tarde vs Emile Durkheim
  7. 7. The blessingof sociologyAnd we feel safe in this error, thanks to theimpossibility of knowing intimately the real nature ofthe elementary relations occurring in external systems…But, when it comes to human society, we stumble on amajor obstacle: we are at home there, we are the veryelements of the coherent systems of people that we callcities, states, armies or congregations (p. 68).Tarde, 1893Monadologie et sociologie
  8. 8. First-degree objectivity
  9. 9. Second-degree objectivity
  10. 10. The problem withsecond-degree objectivityHow should viewpoints be multiplied?How should viewpoints be combined?
  11. 11. Objectivity by abstention
  12. 12. Objectivity by abstention
  13. 13. Disadvantagesof objectivity by abstentionMaps becomes as chaotic as territoriesCartographers can remain in the hide
  14. 14. Objectivity by geography
  15. 15. Objectivity by geography
  16. 16. Disadvantagesof objectivity by geographyResembles to first-degree objectivitySeparates context from action
  17. 17. Objectivity by geography
  18. 18. Representingviewpoints http://www.medialab.sciences-po.fr/controversies/2011/scube/decroissance/debat.html
  19. 19. Les monades de TardeChacun deux, jadis regardé comme un point, devient unesphère daction indéfiniment élargie … et toutes ces sphèresqui sentre-pénètrent sont autant de domaines propres à chaqueélément, peut-être autant despaces distincts, quoique mêlés,que nous prenons faussement pour un espace unique. Le centrede chacune de ces sphères est un point singularisé par sespropriétés, mais, après tout, un point comme un autre(p. 21-22).Tarde, 1893Monadologie et sociologie
  20. 20. Let’s take a network! Complex systems and self-organization in ISIWeb of Science
  21. 21. A couple of ego-network
  22. 22. Ego-networkon global network polymer photovoltaic cells
  23. 23. Ego-network on globalnetwork Santa Fe Institute
  24. 24. Back to our network! Complex systems and self-organization in ISIWeb of Science
  25. 25. But in black Complex systems and self-organization in ISIWeb of Science
  26. 26. The network as aheatmap
  27. 27. The network asa heatmap (with thresholds)
  28. 28. The network as an heatmap(with thresholds and colors)
  29. 29. Is it better?
  30. 30. Ego-networkon global network polymer photovoltaic cells
  31. 31. Ego-network heatmappolymer photovoltaic cells
  32. 32. Ego-network on globalnetwork Santa Fe Institute
  33. 33. Ego-network heatmapSanta Fe Institute
  34. 34. Les monadesLeibniz fait de chacune delles une chambre obscure oùlunivers entier des autres monades vient se peindre enréduction et sous un angle spécial (p. 21).Tarde, 1893Monadologie et sociologie
  35. 35. Ego-networkon global network polymer photovoltaic cells
  36. 36. Monadic viewpoint(geometric) polymer photovoltaic cells
  37. 37. Monadic viewpoint(geometric) polymer photovoltaic cells
  38. 38. Monadic viewpoint(topologic) polymer photovoltaic cells
  39. 39. Monadic viewpoint(geometric) Organ Nanoelect Lab
  40. 40. Monadic viewpoint(topologic) polymer photovoltaic cells
  41. 41. Monadic viewpoint(geometric) Organ Nanoelect Lab

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