GeoDesign for Civic Engagement and Sustainable Development


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World Planning Schools Congress 2011 Presentation

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GeoDesign for Civic Engagement and Sustainable Development

  1. 1. GeoDesign for Civic Engagement and Sustainable Development:A Collaborative Platform for Actionable Intelligence<br />Tom Gardner<br />
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  8. 8. What is Design?<br />Design is the thought process comprising the creation of an entity<br />
  9. 9. Whatmakes design unique?<br />Imagination<br />from imagination to rendition with zero impedance<br />Visualization<br />maps, 3D views, animations, charts, reports<br />Assessment<br />on the fly (as we design) and fully developed reports<br />Rapid Iteration<br />
  10. 10. A Thought Process…<br />
  11. 11. GeoDesign?<br />
  12. 12. Motivation For GeoDesign (McHarg)<br />A framework for design that helps humans achieve synergy with nature.<br />A process by which “environmental data could be incorporated into the planning process”<br />Rather than conquering the natural world, we should use our dominance of the earth systems to make them better<br />“not humans versus nature but humans with nature”<br />
  13. 13. "GeoDesign is a design and planning method which tightly couples the creation of design proposals with impact simulations informed by geographic contexts"<br />
  14. 14. Geodesign process<br />Imagination<br />from imagination to rendition with zero impedance<br />Visualization<br />maps, 3D views, animations, charts, reports<br />Assessment<br />on the fly (as we design) and fully developed reports<br />Rapid Iteration<br />
  15. 15. GeoDesign Framework by Carl Steinitz<br />1<br />REPRESENTATION<br />MODELS<br />How should the geo-scape be described?<br />DATA<br />2<br />PROCESS<br />MODELS<br />How does the geo-scape operate?<br />Assessment<br />INFORMATION<br />3<br />EVALUATION<br />MODELS<br />Is the geo-scape working well?<br />KNOWLEDGE<br />4<br />CHANGE<br />MODELS<br />How might the geo-scape be altered?<br />DATA<br />5<br />IMPACT<br />MODELS<br />What differences might the changes cause?<br />Intervention<br />INFORMATION<br />6<br />DECISION<br />MODELS<br />Should the geo-scape be changed?<br />KNOWLEDGE<br />
  16. 16. Future Land Use Planning & Policy Making<br />Collaborative, Functional GeoDesign<br />Collaborative and Engaging Land Use<br />Design Process<br />Community Input<br />Create<br />Compare<br />Alternatives<br />AnalyseInformation<br />Gather Information<br />Where do we<br />Want to be?<br />How do we<br />get there?<br />What do we have?<br />Future Land <br />Use Plan<br />
  17. 17. GeoDesign – Examples<br />
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  22. 22. Debris Locations<br />
  23. 23. Debris Disposal SitesSite Selection Criteria<br />Land Use – 30%<br />Proximity to Roads) – 15%<br />Proximity to Tsunami – 15%<br />Riparian Sensitivity > 100 meters – 5%<br />Riparian Sensitivity < 100 meters – Excluded<br />Slope Suitability – 35%<br />
  24. 24. Disposal Site Suitability Model – Setting the Weights<br />
  25. 25. Locating the Debris Disposal Sites<br />
  26. 26. Landfill Location and Capacity Determines Allocation<br />
  27. 27. Measuring Park Access<br />Detailed analysis of park access<br />Travel Road NetworkModel actual travel routes<br />Travel Cost SurfaceNot just roads, but all landscapes<br />Exposes ‘holes’Areas not seen using buffer<br />Leads to New AnalysisWhere to put a new park?<br />
  28. 28. Park Location Suitability Analysis<br />Finding the best place for a new park<br />Model BuilderOrganize data and methods<br />Overlay AnalysisCompare multiple datasets<br />Set CriteriaControl tool parameters<br />Multiple MethodsExamine multiple outcomes<br />
  29. 29. Park Location Voting Application<br />ArcGIS ServerPublish result of model<br />Web API’sFlex application to gather votes<br />Data stored on serverEvery vote saved in database<br />Citizen EngagmentInvolve the public in decision making<br />
  30. 30. Park Design Template<br /> sharing<br />Map Package SharingHolds feature templates: symbols, attributes, drawing tools<br />Sketching in ArcMapEditing environment allows sketching of cartographic data<br />Evaluate data on-the-flyDynamic attribute calculation and visualization of results<br />
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  34. 34. GeoDesign – Summary<br />
  35. 35. Geodesign – challenges:<br />Develop an appropriate “design centric” GIS technology.<br />Enable zero impedance design<br /><ul><li>Tools
  36. 36. Seamless workflows
  37. 37. On-the-fly assessment</li></ul>Work together to establish a discipline of GeoDesign across multiple professions<br /><ul><li>GIS, Planning, Engineering, Architecture, Academia </li></li></ul><li>Tom Gardner<br /><br />Thank you<br />