Tactical Technology Office (TTO)Bradford C. Tousley, Ph.D., DirectorBriefing prepared for TTO Office Wide BAA Proposers’ DayApril 23, 20131Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)was established in 1958 to prevent strategic surprisefrom negatively affecting U.S. national security and createstrategic surprise for U.S. adversaries by maintaining thetechnological superiority of the U.S. military.To fulfill its mission, the Agency relies on diverseperformers to apply multi-disciplinary approaches to bothadvance knowledge through basic research and createinnovative technologies that address current practicalproblems through applied research.As the DoD’s primary innovation engine, DARPAundertakes projects that are finite in duration but thatcreate lasting revolutionary change.Mission2Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
1 9 5 7Sputnik34th President of the United States 1953-1961.Coined the term “military-industrial complex”and warned against its unwarranted influence.Created DARPA in response to Sputnik.First orbiting satellite. The satellite was not athreat, but the level of technology indicated thatthe Soviet Union possessed superior capability forintercontinental reconnaissance and bombing.Dwight D. Eisenhower1 9 5 8DARPA3Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
DSO MTOI2O TTOSTOAEODefenseSciencesOfficeMicrosystemsTechnologyOfficeInformationInnovationOfficeTacticalTechnologyOfficeAdaptiveExecutionOfficeStrategicTechnologyOfficeDARPA organization• Findingdifficulttargets• Communica-tions,networks, andelectronicwarfare• Shaping theenvironment• Groundsystems• Maritimesystems• Air systems• Spacesystems• Cyber• Data analyticsat massivescale• ISRexploitation• Biology/bioplatforms• Computing• Electronicwarfare• Manufacturing• Novelconcepts• Photonics• PNT• Thermalmanagement• Physicalsciences• Neuroscience• Materials• Mathematics• Biology• Coordinatedfield trials• Technologyinsertion• DARPA-CombatantCommandinteraction4Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Tactical Technology Office (TTO)Aero-&HydrodynamicSystems (13)TacticalTechnologies (8)VisionTTO will rapidly develop new prototype military capabilities that create an asymmetrictechnological advantage and provide U.S. forces with decisive superiority and the abilityto overwhelm our opponents.ObjectiveTo provide or prevent strategic and tactical surprise with very high-payoff, high-riskdevelopment of revolutionary new platforms, weapons, critical technologies and systems,approaches addressing affordability, as well as rapid agile development.Ground SystemsMaritime SystemsTTO Focus Areas5Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Air SystemsSpace Systems
TTO legacy – a reminder2002Boomerang2003Tank BreakerM16(Project Agile)Army TacticalMissile System(Assault Breaker)1982NetfiresTalon20031967 1978BigDog2008Ground SystemsSea Shadow1984Maritime Systems19841969 1988 1992MK 50 TorpedoPropulsion SystemUnmannedUnderseaVehicle (UUV)Submarine Technology(SUBTECH)Air Systems1998Tacit Blue X-45/46/47Global HawkX-3119901977 2002Have Blue A-160 Falcon HTV-220112005Damage TolerantControls (DTC)2011Orbital Express (OE)MiTEXPegasus Taurus Falcon SmallLaunch VehicleGlobal Low OrbitingMessage Relay(GLOMR)200720061990 20031985 19951997Space SystemsSpace SurveillanceTelescope (SST)2013DARPASAT6Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Artist’s conceptArtist’s conceptArtist’s concept1982
The environmentMultipolar- Diverse threats- Low to high intensity spectrum- Counter-insurgencyPeer/Non-peer threats- Pacific and other- Denied environments- CountermeasuresCost challenge- Rapid and expansive red forcemodernization- Long U.S. development cycles ofcomplex systems- Smaller U.S. defense industrial base- Increasing lifecycle costGlobal market and techproliferation- Medium technology swarms- Rapid countermeasure development- Cost of laborAreas of potential threats7Source: DARPA; based on collation of publicly available metrics, including (1) Foreign Policy Failed States Index, (2) AonPolitical Risk Map, (3) Control Risks Political Risk Map, and (4) Bradburys Security Risk Map.Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Source: DefenceWeb.co.zaSource: NavyTimes.comSource: AirForce-Technology.com
What we look for in programsRobotics ChallengePhoenixVTOL X-PlaneACTUVALASA• Big wins; decisive superiority• Drive cost-effectiveness (system and countermeasures)• Decisive and flexible systems (unbalance)• Rapid developmental program execution (agile)• Demonstrating prototypes (new capabilities)• Unmanned leverage (maximize effectiveness)• Develop Service buy-in (transition)• Cross-domain capabilities – cover the “seams”across Service stovepipes8Artist’s conceptArtist’s conceptsArtist’s conceptsArtist’s conceptApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
How we execute our programs• Accept risk for high payoffs – know the difference between cool JointCapability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) engineering/incremental payoffvs. breakthrough surprise• Don’t be upset with failure; be upset with failing to try• Know your business case and capabilities• Focus on rapid execution and performer competition through PDR/CDR andbeyond if affordable• Demand the A-team from performers; if you don’t get it, don’t start; allcompetitive leverage is at the beginning• Avoid competition with the Services• Recognize that sometimes you have to break glass• Develop good relationships with partners• Partners with resources can really help us make a difference9Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Strategy map to focus areasWork in four domains: Ground, Maritime, Air and SpaceDo not focus on: Cyber Tools, Counter WMD, PNT, Comms• Enable precision strike at extended ranges• Enable air dominance• Protect our critical assets (Ground, Maritime, Air and Space)• Develop flexible, agile and precise ground combat systems• Demonstrate critical asymmetric capabilities• Attack the cost equation challenges and prototype new (agile) systems engineeringapproaches• Leverage key DARPA technology subsystem advances10Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Ground Systems Maritime Systems Air Systems Space SystemsSystems focus areasDARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC)Legged Squad Support System (LS3)Anti-Submarine Warfare(ASW) Continuous TrailUnmanned Vessel (ACTUV)Vertical Take-Off andLanding (VTOL) X-PlaneHypersonic TechnologiesLong Range Anti-ShipMissile (LRASM)PhoenixAirborne Launch AssistSpace Access (ALASA)Crosscutting ThemesAgile development approach, autonomy, unmanned systems, power and propulsion11Artist’sconceptsArtist’s conceptArtist’s conceptArtist’s ConceptApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Artist’s concept
Amplify unit/Soldier effectivenessTechnical goals• Lethality overmatch and scalable effects• Agility and mobility• Reduce footprint• Manned and unmanned operations• Digital systemsGround systemsProgram ObjectiveDARPA Robotics Challenge(DRC)Develop human-compatible robot systems for response to natural and man-made disasters.Extreme Accuracy TaskedOrdnance (EXACTO)Demonstrate closed-loop guided flight of a .50-caliber bullet/weapon system and survivability of bulletcomponents.Fast, Adaptable, NextGeneration (FANG) GroundCombat VehicleReduce the time to develop a ground vehicle by at least fivefold.Instant Foundry AdaptiveThrough Bits (iFAB)Develop a foundry-style manufacturing capability.Legged Squad Support (LS3) Develop a quadruped unmanned ground vehicle to lighten the Soldier’s load, guided by Soldier-boundedautonomy.META Develop novel tools to enable the ability to develop complex systems based on rapid (correct) design anddevelopment.Persistent Close Air Support(PCAS)Enhance dismounted ground personnel effectiveness with CAS equipment enabling precise coordination andtargeting of airborne weapons.Current efforts12Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Potential future investment in ground systems13Medium Caliber Precision WeaponSquad XArtist’s conceptsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Maritime systemsControl the sea, influence events on landTechnical goals• Situational awareness/threats• New capabilities• Strike (asymmetric, affordable, precise, extended range)• High-value asset protectionProgram ObjectiveAnti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)Continuous Trail UnmannedVessel (ACTUV)Demonstrate an unmanned vessel optimized to provide continuous overt trail of threat submarines.Long Range Anti-ship Missile(LRASM)Demonstrate an integrated prototype design of a high-effectiveness anti-ship strike capability.Tactically Expandable MaritimePlatform (TEMP)Develop modular technologies to convert an unmodified commercial containership into a surrogate navalplatform capability.Tactically ExploitativeReconnaissance Node (TERN)Enable robust global access by demonstrating a medium-altitude, long-endurance unmanned vehicleoperable from smaller ships.Current efforts14Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Air systemsControl the air and strike anytime/anywhereTechnical goals• High-speed precision strike• Extend performance envelope (speed, range, payload, endurance, survivability)• Address the tyranny of distance• Advanced propulsion and power systemsProgram ObjectiveHypersonic Technologies Develop and test unmanned, rocket-launched, maneuverable, hypersonic air vehicles for critical missions.Mission Adaptive Rotor (MAR) Develop foundational technologies to enable high speed and efficient hover through advanced rotordesigns.Transformer (TX) Develop a modular compact autonomous cargo delivery vertical lift system.Triple Target Terminator (T3) Develop a high-speed, long-range aerodynamic missile that would defeat current and projected enemytargets.Vertical Take-off and Landing(VTOL) X-PlaneDevelop and demonstrate a VTOL air vehicle capable of efficient hover and improved high-speed flight.Current efforts15Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Potential future investment in air systems16Integrated Hypersonics (IH)Novel UAVs Cooperative mannedand unmanned airoperationsSurrogate piloting capabilitiesArtist’s conceptApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Artist’s conceptArtist’s concepts
Program ObjectiveAirborne Launch Assist SpaceAccess (ALASA)Enable small satellites to be deployed to orbit from an airborne platform, allowing performance improvement, reducingrange costs, and flying more frequently, which drives cost per pound down.Galileo Enable mission protection, anomaly resolution and satellite repurposing.International Space StationSPHERES Integrated ResearchExperiments (InSPIRE)Upgrade spheres with manipulator arms to support Phoenix and upgrade the docking ports to reduce fuelconsumption.Membrane Optical Imager forReal-Time Exploitation (MOIRE)Provide persistent tactical video coverage to the warfighter.OrbitOutlook Demonstrate a cost-effective way to increase the amount and quality of SSA information critical to warfighters:purchase data rather than build and operate sensors.Phoenix Develop technologies to harvest and re-use components from retired, non-working satellites in GEO and demonstratethe ability to create new space systems at a greatly reduced cost.Space Surveillance Telescope(SST)/SST-Australia (SST-AUS)Develop an advanced ground-based optical system for rapid, wide-area, uncued detection and tracking of faint objectsin deep space. Refine and evaluate data processing techniques, such as those developed under the Ibex effort.Space systemsNormalize and simplify spaceTechnical goals• Affordable routine access• Reduce escalating systems cost• New capability• Survivability/resilience/reconstitution/autonomy• Disaggregation/simplification• Space situational awarenessCurrent efforts17Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Potential future investment in space systems18Experimental SolarElectric PropulsionVehicle (X-SEP)Small affordable launchSmall ResponsiveSpace Access X-PlaneArtist’s conceptArtist’s conceptArtist’s ConceptApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Evolving threats/capabilities to consider• Counter-UAV (threats are developing fast as we are) – ours and theirs• Swarm and counterswarm capabilities (vulnerable maritime citadels)• Development of capable unmanned systems operating in contested/deniedenvironments (will our systems survive or acceptably attrit—low cost)• Missile defense/counterhypersonics – who defends and how?• Advanced sea-to-land rapid transport remains a big challengeWe will initiate studies in these areas as a discussion/starting point19Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Tactical Technology Office (TTO):Office Wide Broad Agency Announcement (BAA)Pamela Melroy, Deputy DirectorBriefing prepared for TTO Office Wide BAA Proposers’ DayApril 23, 201320Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Why are we here today?21• We want to make sure that you understand our approach including:− The areas we are focusing on and why, so that you can be more effective in what youpropose− Our process and the realities about the way our office wide BAA works• We want to answer your questions:− During tomorrow’s sidebars, tell us your ideas for truly revolutionary technologies thatare aligned with a PM’s vision− Tell us your thoughts on how we can tap into new ideas that can strengthen ourexisting programs• The interchange of ideas between DARPA and industry has always been at theheart of TTO’s approach to developing revolutionary technologies:− Many programs have started as seedlings from office wide BAA submissionsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
How does it work?22• 1-year-long office wide BAA:− Designated BAA coordinator and email address− Does not supersede program BAAs• Executive summaries, white papers and proposalsOur “engine” is made up of our PMs’ visionsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Things to keep in mind (1 of 2)23• No-Interest/Discourage means:− In the form you submitted, we are not interested in your idea because:− The submission does not present an approach to developing technology that isaligned with the DARPA/TTO focus areas and interests− The submission is not important to TTO’s areas of responsibility as outlined in the BAA− The submission is not suitably structured to produce a TTO systems-leveldemonstration or product− The submission does not substantiate a revolutionary military capability within theTTO portfolio− The proposed approach does not clearly identify current limitations that would beovercome− The submission does not identify barriers to implementing new operational conceptsand postulate solutions− The submission does not convey technology significantly beyond the state of the art− It does NOT mean that you cannot resubmit after changing your concept or thatyou cannot submit a full proposal... BUT chances of success are extremely slimApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Things to keep in mind (2 of 2)24• Interest/Encourage means:− We find your idea interesting and we would like to know more− It does NOT mean that you are funded or that a full proposal will be accepted• Funding potential:− Intent is to fund seedlings at < $1M− Proposals may have options for a larger follow-on program− Efforts larger than seedlings are likely to be handled as a program (options orthrough a program BAA)Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Do and don’t25• DO read the BAA-13-22 document in its entirety• DO use the executive summary and white paper process• DO forward any questions related to the DARPA/TTO Office Wide BAA to DARPA-BAAemail@example.com• Do NOT hand carry paper copies to the DARPA building• Do NOT email/fax in your executive summary, white paper or proposal to theBAA-13-22 mailbox• Do NOT call to check on the status of your submissionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Questions?26• How can we improve the process?**...please don’t ask us to change the Federal Acquisition Regulations!Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
www.darpa.mil27Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Ground Systems Panel SessionLTC Joseph Hitt, Ph.D. (Lead)Mr. Aaron MooreDr. Gill PrattMr. Stephen WallerLTC Nathan Wiedenman, Ph.D.TTO Office Wide BAA Proposers’ DayApril 23, 2013Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Ground Systems legacy programsMultidimensionalMobility Robot(MDMR)20072008 2008PerceptOR CrusherUnmannedGround CombatVehicle (UGCV)2004 2004Iron Curtain2009Boomerang20031978M16 (Project Agile)196719841970 1980 20101990Army TacticalMissile System(Assault Breaker)19822003Pack BotUGCV +PerceptORIntegration(UPI) BigDogAutonomousLand Vehicle(ALV)Tank BreakerBrilliant Anti-TankMunition (BAT) NetfiresTalon2004Tactical Mobile Robots (TMR)19722Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.200219872000Artist’s concept2002
Ground Systems current programsLegged Squad Support System (LS3)Develop a highly mobile, semi-autonomousquadruped ground vehicle to lighten theSoldiers’ loadDARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC)Develop human-compatible robotsystem for response to natural andman-made disasters3Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Artist’s concept
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 4Ground Systems current programs (cont.)Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance(EXACTO)Demonstrate closed-loop guided flight of a.50-caliber bullet/weapon system andsurvivability of bullet componentsPersistent Close Air Support(PCAS)Enhance dismounted ground agenteffectiveness with equipment enablingprecise coordination and command ofairborne weaponsAdaptive Vehicle Make (AVM)Revolutionize the design and build process for complex defense systemsby compressing the development timelines at least fivefold whileincreasing the national pool of innovation by several factors of 10
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 5Objective: Amplify unit/Soldier effectivenessGround Systems descriptionToday’s Environment Technical Goals• Strategic environment is changing:ground forces must do more withless• Adaptive enemies will continue toengineer countermeasures to U.S.technological advances• A lack of overmatch at the Soldierand squad levels• Increasing vehicle capability andprotection is coupled to increasingvehicle weight and volume• Appropriate precisionresponse at multiple scales• Agility and novel mobility atmultiple scales• Reduced force density• Manned and unmannedoperations• Digitization at the squad level
Soldier/squad• Situational awareness and mission command• Lethality• Mobility and human performance• Squad-integrated unmanned platforms• Advanced human-machine teaming at multiple scales• Signature managementVehicles• Force protection and signature management• Crew augmentation capability• Platform mobility and lethality• Improved platform capability efficienciesComplex urban environments• Novel approaches to urban mobility• Reliable localization and intrasquad communication• Outdoors-to-indoors unmanned operation• Threat “anticipation” technology• Tagging, tracking and locatingApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 6Ground Systems summary
www.darpa.mil7Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Maritime Systems Panel SessionMr. Scott Littlefield (Lead)Dr. Arthur MabbettDr. Daniel PattCAPT Christopher WarrenTTO Office Wide BAA Proposers’ DayApril 23, 2013
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 2Maritime Systems legacy programs1970 1980 1990 2000 2010Unmanned UnderseaVehicle (UUV)Tango Bravo1988 2004Sea ShadowMK 50 TorpedoPropulsion SystemSubmarineTechnology(SUBTECH) Collaborative NetworkedAutonomous Vehicle (CNAV)19841969 1992 2008Artist’s concept
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 3Maritime Systems current programsArtist’s conceptASW Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel(ACTUV)Demonstrate unmanned vehicle’s capability totrack and monitor a diesel submarine to offloadtasks from manned platformsLong Range Anti-Ship Missile(LRASM)Demonstrate an integrated prototype design of ahigh-effectiveness anti-ship strike capabilityArtist’s concept
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 4Maritime Systems current programs (cont.)Tactically Expandable Maritime Platform(TEMP)Develop modular technologies to convert anunmodified commercial containership into asurrogate naval platformTactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node(TERN)Develop Medium-Altitude, Long-EnduranceUnmanned Vehicle (MALE UAV) performanceoperable from smaller shipsArtist’s concept
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 5Objective: Control the sea, influence events on landMaritime Systems descriptionToday’s Environment Future Vision• Small numbers of well-defendedbut expensive mannedplatforms• Threats and economic interestsspread through vast maritimeareas of operation: Naval assetsspread thin• Increasing threat from long-range missiles and sophisticatedISR systems• Insufficient capacity to delivereffects from our mostsurvivable platforms• Measure/countermeasure costimbalance favors ouradversaries• Survivable and highly distributedcapability to deliver effects fromlong distances• Ability to perform big platformmissions without big platforms:• Greatly expanded capacity• Reduce “brittleness” of theforce• Flip measure/countermeasurecost imbalance in our favor• Enhanced situational awarenessand threat detection
• Order-of-magnitude improvement in key operating parameters of maritime and subsurface vessels(manned and unmanned)• Sea-based unmanned air vehicles focusing on innovative aero designs and novel launch and recoveryof unmanned platforms. Expand operational reach of small ships• Human operators can effectively perform tasks through remote unmanned systems operations,utilizing minimal data content and communications bandwidth• Nonlethal approaches to disable maritime platforms that are interspersed with noncombatant surfacevessels• Advanced extended-range, high-speed propulsive agile torpedo engagement with reduced signatures• Innovations in rail gun, coil gun, light gas gun and advanced cannon technologies• Technologies that enable novel and cost-effective platform approaches to traditional maritimemissions• Kinetic and nonkinetic defeat of nontraditional threats and high-volume precision engagementagainst near-peer offensive systems• Novel technologies that cost-effectively expand and bridge maritime and subsurface platform usewith other warfighting domains such as: maritime-to-air, maritime-to-space, subsurface-to-groundcombat and subsurface-to-air• Propulsion technologies that enable new missions or deliver increased power, power density,proficiency and/or an order-of-magnitude increase in key performance parameters (thrust,endurance, top speed and time on target)Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 6Maritime Systems summary
www.darpa.mil7Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Air Systems Panel SessionDr. Ashish Bagai (Lead)Mr. Bob ArbachMr. Mark GustafsonMr. Stephen WallerTTO Office Wide BAA Proposers’ DayApril 23, 2013Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
1980 1990 20002Air Systems legacy programsA-1601998No Tail Rotor(NOTAR)1981Tacit BlueX-45/46/47UnmannedCombat ArmedRotorcraft(UCAR)Global HawkX-312003X-501990198219772002X-32/351996Have BlueX-Wing19752002Falcon HTV-22011Micro AirVehicle(MAV)200520101990X-29Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.2005DamageTolerantControls (DTC)2011Artist’s conceptArtist’s concept
3Air Systems current programsDevelop and demonstrate technologies that enablelong-range, high-performance maneuveringhypersonic flight; explore vehicle concepts fortactical-range hypersonic cruise missiles andhypersonic boost glide vehiclesISRArtist’s ConceptHypersonic Technologies Triple Target Terminator (T3)Range performance and target flexibility foranti-aircraft, anti-cruise missiles, andanti-surface to air radarApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Air Systems current programs (cont.)Transformer (TX)Modular, versatile, unmanned airlift capability viainterchangeable, multi-mission payloadsVertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) X-PlaneArtist’s ConceptsTransformational vertical flight capabilitiesapplicable to light-mediumclass aircraft4Foundational technologies to enableenhanced rotary-wing and VTOLperformance capabilitiesArtist’s ConceptsMission Adaptive Rotor (MAR)Artist’s ConceptsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
5Objective: Control the air and strike anytime/anywhereAir Systems descriptionToday’s Environment Technical Goals• Configuration innovations haveslowed down• Lifecycle costs continue toincrease• Performance capabilities havesaturated:• Human in-the-loop control stillnecessary• Weapon/payload delivery is limitedand expensive• Propulsion approaches are toohomogenous• Concepts of employment andoperations have remained virtuallyunchanged• Experimental aircraft (X-Planes) –demonstrate technologies atrelevant scales• Advanced manufacturing andimproved reliability• Expand performance envelope –endurance, speed, range, payload,survivability:• Autonomy• High-speed, low-cost precision strike• Novel propulsion – hybridization,distribution• Improved capabilities to enableimproved and new missionsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Air Systems summaryTechnical goals for hypersonic platforms• High-performance, robust hypersonic vehicle designs with large operational envelopes• Lightweight, high-strength hypersonic airframe structures for expendable and reusable vehicles• Novel materials and design approaches for active and passive thermal protection, able toaccommodate high heating for short durations and moderate heating for long durations• Manufacturing technologies enabling new/novel aerospace materials and agile design for hypersonicvehicle structures, e.g. additive manufacturing• Adaptive reconfigurable control, real-time trajectory optimization, robust energy management• Propulsion systems: Scramjets, combined cycleTechnical goals for all novel air vehicles• Specific technologies to support extreme-range, high-speed, low-cost, long-endurance operations• New control laws, maneuver and control techniques• Hybrid and/or distributed propulsion systems• Flow control, drag reduction• Multifunctional subsystems• Advanced test and simulation• Nontraditional weapon concepts6Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Space Systems Panel SessionLt Col Travis Blake, Ph.D. (Lead)Mr. David BarnhartMr. Mitchell Burnside ClappLt Col John LosinskiMr. Jess SponableTTO Office Wide BAA Proposers’ DayApril 23, 2013
2Space Systems legacy programs1980 1990 2000 2010 2020Global LowOrbiting MessageRelay (GLOMR)PegasusDARPASATTaurusFalcon Small LaunchVehicleMiTEXOrbital Express (OE)Space SurveillanceTelescope (SST)Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Artist’s concept1985 1995 2003 20071990 2006Saturn V(F-1 engine)19971957 2013
3Space Systems current programsDemonstrate a cost-effective way to increase the amountand quality of Space Situational Awareness (SSA)information critical to warfighters: purchase data ratherthan build and operate sensorsOrbitOutlookApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Develop technology to image a GEOsatellite from the ground by utilizingfixed mobile telescopes, each withadaptive optics and a guide star, tocreate multiple baselines that can beused to reconstruct the image throughan inverse Fourier transformArtist’s ConceptGalileoArtist’s ConceptDevelop an advanced ground-based optical system forrapid, wide-area, uncued detection and tracking of faintobjects in deep spaceSpace Surveillance Telescope (SST)
4Space Systems current programs (cont.)ISRApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Airborne Launch Assist Space Access(ALASA)Deploy small satellites to orbit from an airborneplatform, allowing performance improvement,reducing range costs, and flying more frequently,which drives cost per pound downUpgrade Synchronized Position, Hold, Engage,and Reorient Experimental Satellites (SPHERES)with manipulator arms to support and upgradethe docking ports to reduce fuel consumptionInternational Space Station SPHERESIntegrated Research Experiments(InSPIRE)Artist’s concepts
5Space Systems current programs (cont.)ISRStrikeApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.PhoenixDevelop technologies to harvest and re-usecomponents from retired, nonworking satellites inGEO and demonstrate the ability to create newspace systems at a greatly reduced costArtist’s ConceptMembrane Optic Imager Real-Time Exploitation (MOIRE)Provide persistent tactical video coverageto the warfighterArtist’s Concept
6Objective: Normalize and simplify spaceSpace Systems descriptionToday’s Environment Technical Goals• Congested• Contested• Complex• Costly• Affordable routine access• Reduce escalating systems cost• New capability• Survivability/resilience/reconstitution/autonomy• Disaggregation/simplification• Indications- and warning-enabled Space DomainAwareness (SDA)Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
7• Affordable and routine access through space:• Runway-compatible, infrastructure-free point-to-point transport• Extreme space mobility – Solar-electric and other revolutionary concepts• Tactical missions and enabling technologies – Persistent LEO (500-10,000km)• Modular satellite concepts for disaggregation or enhanced capability• Sparse aperture communications to enable fiber-like bandwidth• Novel low-size, -weight, and -payload (SWaP) for small satellite missions• Awareness by utilization of current sensor systems in a data-for-fee model:• Algorithms to support indications and warning of space events• High phase-angle small object custody for continuous GEO trackingSpace Systems summaryApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
www.darpa.milApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 8