- any vehicle that can fly in the air: aircraft (plural aircraft )
a jet aircraft (= powered by a jet engine)
- a vehicle with wings and one or more engines that can fly through the air: plane, aeroplane (AmE airplane )
To travel by plane. A plane ticket. A plane crash.
A supersonic plane (= a plane that can fly faster than the speed of sound)
a large plane that carries passengers: airliner ; a very large jet plane that carries passengers: jumbo (jet)
a plane that carries goods: cargo plane
a plane that takes off and lands on the sea: seaplane
a small plane: light aircraft (plural light aircraft ); a small plane with two/four/eight, etc seats: two-seater, four-seater, eight-seater , etc
a type of very small and very light aircraft: microlight, ultralight (Am E.)
Travelling by plane
- to travel by plane: fly ; a journey on a plane: flight
Our flight to Australia was very long and tiring .
- a company that provides regular flights for people and goods: airline
Which airline would you prefer to fly with?
a flight made regularly according to a timetable: scheduled flight
a flight in a plane hired for a particular purpose or a particular group of people: charter flight
I'm going to take a charter flight; it's much cheaper .
- a plane that travels frequently between two places: shuttle
I'm catching the shuttle up to Edinburgh.
the amount of money you pay to travel by plane: (air) fare
- a ticket to travel by air: air ticket
A one-way ticket. A return ticket. A first-class ticket
a place where air tickets can be bought and where you can arrange your journey: travel agent's, travel agency
- an airport building where journeys begin and end: terminal
European flights leave from Terminal 3 .
- to go to an airline desk at an airport and say that you have arrived: check in (at sth ) ; the place where you do this: check-in (desk)
Where's the check-in for flights to Johannesburg, please?
bags, etc that you take with you onto a plane: hand luggage (AmE hand baggage )(noun U)
Can I take my guitar as hand luggage?
- money that you have to pay for bags, etc that are heavier than the weight limit: excess baggage (charge)
Will I have to pay excess baggage?
- a place in an airport where you wait before getting on your plane: departure lounge
a shop in an airport where you can buy goods which have no tax on them: duty-free shop
- an exit from the terminal building to the plane: gate
Passengers for flight ZX123 to Nairobi should proceed to gate 17 .
- (used about a plane) to be ready for passengers to get on: board
Flight SA999 to Rio de Janeiro is now boarding.
- to get on a plane: board
How much longer before we board?
- a ticket that you need in order to board a plane: boarding card, boarding pass
- a person who is travelling on a plane, : passenger
- the person who is in charge of a plane: captain
This is your captain speaking.
all the people who look after the passengers on a plane: cabin crew (with singular or plural verb)
- a person who looks after the passengers on a plane: flight attendant ; a man who does this is also called a steward ; a woman who does this is also called a stewardess, or air hostess
the part of a plane where the passengers sit: cabin
- the part of an airliner with the cheapest passenger seats: economy class (noun U); parts with more expensive seats: first class (noun U), business class (noun U), club class (noun U)
I usually fly economy. A business-class seat
- happening or provided during a journey on a plane: in-flight
overhead compartment, airplane luggage compartment , overhead bin, overhead locker : a luggage compartment above the passenger seats for holding carry-on luggage in an airplane (check youtube)
On a plane you can get an aisle seat, a middle seat or a window seat
I definitely prefer the window seat. That way, I don't have to deal with people moving up and down the aisles or being crammed between two people I don't know. If I'm travelling with people I know, I don't mind the middle seat as much. What about you, where do you prefer to stay, window, aisle or middle seat? http://www.opentravelinfo.com/node/509
- to get off a plane: disembark - to stop for a short time on a plane journey: stop over ; noun: stopover We're planning to stop over in London. We had a two-hour stopover in Delhi on our way to Sydney. - a plane that leaves soon after another arrives and that takes you on the next part of your journey: connection If this plane is late, I'll miss my connection in Dallas. - to change to a different plane during a journey: transfer At Heathrow we transferred to a domestic airline.
- a feeling of tiredness caused by travelling to a place where the local time is very different: jet lag (noun U); sb who suffers from this is jet-lagged
Flying a plane
- to control a plane and make it fly: fly (sth)
I've always wanted to learn to fly .
a person who flies a plane, etc: pilot ; a person who sits next to the pilot and helps to fly the plane: co-pilot
a person who uses maps, etc to find out which way a plane should go: navigator
- all the people who work on a plane: crew (with singular or plural verb)
The plane has a crew of seven.
- the part of a plane where the pilots sit: cockpit
- to leave the ground and start flying: take off ; noun: take-off We took off at three-thirty. Take-off has been delayed for thirty minutes. - to come back to the ground: land, touch down ; noun: landing We should be landing in just a few minutes. The plane had just touched down when there was a bomb alert. It was a rather bumpy landing! - to move slowly along the ground before take-off or after landing: taxi The plane taxied up to the terminal building.
a place where passenger planes take off and land: airport
an area of land, smaller than an airport, where planes can take off or land: airfield
a piece of land that is cleared for planes to land and take off: airstrip, landing strip
a long piece of ground with a hard surface where aircraft take off and land at an airport, etc: runway
a place where helicopters take off and land: (helicopter) pad
a tall airport building from where planes are controlled: control tower
a person at an airport who gives radio instructions to pilots from the control tower: air traffic controller
- a system for finding out the position of aircraft, etc by using radio waves: radar (noun U)
a radar screen
- to go higher in the sky: go up, climb
Is the plane still going up?
We climbed to a height of ten thousand feet.
to go lower or come down: go down, (formal) descend
to fly downwards very quickly: dive
The fighter dived down to attack the enemy bomber .
if an aircraft flies without using an engine, it glides
- the height of an aircraft above sea level: altitude
Accidents in planes
an accident in a plane, etc: (plane) crash ; verb: crash (sth)
- to land an aircraft causing damage to it: crash-land (sth); the pilot or the aircraft crash-lands ; noun: crash landing
He was forced to crash-land in a field.
The plane ran out of fuel and had to make a crash-landing in the desert.
- if a plane falls from the sky or lands in a place outside an airport, it comes down
The plane came down in the middle of a field.
- broken pieces of a plane, etc that has been badly damaged: wreckage (noun U)
The rescuers managed to pull three survivors from the wreckage
a plastic or rubber jacket filled with air that keeps sb floating in water: life jacket
a thing that you put over your face to be able to breathe in an emergency in a plane: oxygen mask
- a piece of strong cloth that is tied to sb and that lets them fall slowly to the ground when they jump from a plane: parachute ; to use a parachute: parachute
He parachuted safely to the ground
- a special route in the air which planes fly through: flight path :
Our flight path takes us over the South of France and the Mediterranean
violent or uneven movement of air, making flight uncomfortable: turbulence (noun U)
- the business of flying (building aircraft, flying them, running airlines, etc): aviation (noun U)
the aviation industry
- done from an aircraft: aerial (adjective, only before a noun)
an aerial attack/photograph
- an occasion when people can look at planes and watch them flying: air show