Air Travel


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Air travel vocabulary

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Air Travel

  1. 1. 5. Air travel
  2. 2. <ul><li>Aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>- any vehicle that can fly in the air: aircraft (plural aircraft ) </li></ul><ul><li>a jet aircraft (= powered by a jet engine) </li></ul><ul><li>- a vehicle with wings and one or more engines that can fly through the air: plane, aeroplane (AmE airplane ) </li></ul><ul><li>To travel by plane. A plane ticket. A plane crash. </li></ul><ul><li>A supersonic plane (= a plane that can fly faster than the speed of sound) </li></ul><ul><li>a large plane that carries passengers: airliner ; a very large jet plane that carries passengers: jumbo (jet) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>a plane that carries goods: cargo plane </li></ul><ul><li>a plane that takes off and lands on the sea: seaplane </li></ul><ul><li>a small plane: light aircraft (plural light aircraft ); a small plane with two/four/eight, etc seats: two-seater, four-seater, eight-seater , etc </li></ul><ul><li>a type of very small and very light aircraft: microlight, ultralight (Am E.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Travelling by plane </li></ul><ul><li>- to travel by plane: fly ; a journey on a plane: flight </li></ul><ul><li>Our flight to Australia was very long and tiring . </li></ul><ul><li>- a company that provides regular flights for people and goods: airline </li></ul><ul><li>Which airline would you prefer to fly with? </li></ul><ul><li>a flight made regularly according to a timetable: scheduled flight </li></ul><ul><li>a flight in a plane hired for a particular purpose or a particular group of people: charter flight </li></ul><ul><li>I'm going to take a charter flight; it's much cheaper . </li></ul><ul><li>- a plane that travels frequently between two places: shuttle </li></ul><ul><li>I'm catching the shuttle up to Edinburgh. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>the amount of money you pay to travel by plane: (air) fare </li></ul><ul><li>- a ticket to travel by air: air ticket </li></ul><ul><li>A one-way ticket. A return ticket. A first-class ticket </li></ul><ul><li>a place where air tickets can be bought and where you can arrange your journey: travel agent's, travel agency </li></ul><ul><li>- an airport building where journeys begin and end: terminal </li></ul><ul><li>European flights leave from Terminal 3 . </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>- to go to an airline desk at an airport and say that you have arrived: check in (at sth ) ; the place where you do this: check-in (desk) </li></ul><ul><li>Where's the check-in for flights to Johannesburg, please? </li></ul><ul><li>bags, etc that you take with you onto a plane: hand luggage (AmE hand baggage )(noun U) </li></ul><ul><li>Can I take my guitar as hand luggage? </li></ul><ul><li>- money that you have to pay for bags, etc that are heavier than the weight limit: excess baggage (charge) </li></ul><ul><li>Will I have to pay excess baggage? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>- a place in an airport where you wait before getting on your plane: departure lounge </li></ul><ul><li>a shop in an airport where you can buy goods which have no tax on them: duty-free shop </li></ul><ul><li>- an exit from the terminal building to the plane: gate </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers for flight ZX123 to Nairobi should proceed to gate 17 . </li></ul><ul><li>- (used about a plane) to be ready for passengers to get on: board </li></ul><ul><li>Flight SA999 to Rio de Janeiro is now boarding. </li></ul><ul><li>- to get on a plane: board </li></ul><ul><li>How much longer before we board? </li></ul><ul><li>- a ticket that you need in order to board a plane: boarding card, boarding pass </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>- a person who is travelling on a plane, : passenger </li></ul><ul><li>- the person who is in charge of a plane: captain </li></ul><ul><li>This is your captain speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>all the people who look after the passengers on a plane: cabin crew (with singular or plural verb) </li></ul><ul><li>- a person who looks after the passengers on a plane: flight attendant ; a man who does this is also called a steward ; a woman who does this is also called a stewardess, or air hostess </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>the part of a plane where the passengers sit: cabin </li></ul><ul><li>- the part of an airliner with the cheapest passenger seats: economy class (noun U); parts with more expensive seats: first class (noun U), business class (noun U), club class (noun U) </li></ul><ul><li>I usually fly economy. A business-class seat </li></ul><ul><li>- happening or provided during a journey on a plane: in-flight </li></ul><ul><li>In-flight movies </li></ul><ul><li>overhead compartment, airplane luggage compartment , overhead bin, overhead locker :  a luggage compartment above the passenger seats for holding carry-on luggage in an airplane (check youtube) </li></ul><ul><li>On a plane you can get an aisle seat, a middle seat or a window seat </li></ul>
  10. 10. I definitely prefer the window seat. That way, I don't have to deal with people moving up and down the aisles or being crammed between two people I don't know. If I'm travelling with people I know, I don't mind the middle seat as much. What about you, where do you prefer to stay, window, aisle or middle seat?
  11. 11. - to get off a plane: disembark - to stop for a short time on a plane journey: stop over ; noun: stopover We're planning to stop over in London. We had a two-hour stopover in Delhi on our way to Sydney. - a plane that leaves soon after another arrives and that takes you on the next part of your journey: connection If this plane is late, I'll miss my connection in Dallas. - to change to a different plane during a journey: transfer At Heathrow we transferred to a domestic airline.
  12. 12. - a feeling of tiredness caused by travelling to a place where the local time is very different: jet lag (noun U); sb who suffers from this is jet-lagged
  13. 13. <ul><li>Flying a plane </li></ul><ul><li>- to control a plane and make it fly: fly (sth) </li></ul><ul><li>I've always wanted to learn to fly . </li></ul><ul><li>a person who flies a plane, etc: pilot ; a person who sits next to the pilot and helps to fly the plane: co-pilot </li></ul><ul><li>a person who uses maps, etc to find out which way a plane should go: navigator </li></ul><ul><li>- all the people who work on a plane: crew (with singular or plural verb) </li></ul><ul><li>The plane has a crew of seven. </li></ul><ul><li>- the part of a plane where the pilots sit: cockpit </li></ul>
  14. 14. - to leave the ground and start flying: take off ; noun: take-off We took off at three-thirty. Take-off has been delayed for thirty minutes. - to come back to the ground: land, touch down ; noun: landing We should be landing in just a few minutes. The plane had just touched down when there was a bomb alert. It was a rather bumpy landing! - to move slowly along the ground before take-off or after landing: taxi The plane taxied up to the terminal building.
  15. 15. <ul><li>a place where passenger planes take off and land: airport </li></ul><ul><li>an area of land, smaller than an airport, where planes can take off or land: airfield </li></ul><ul><li>a piece of land that is cleared for planes to land and take off: airstrip, landing strip </li></ul><ul><li>a long piece of ground with a hard surface where aircraft take off and land at an airport, etc: runway </li></ul><ul><li>a place where helicopters take off and land: (helicopter) pad </li></ul><ul><li>a tall airport building from where planes are controlled: control tower </li></ul><ul><li>a person at an airport who gives radio instructions to pilots from the control tower: air traffic controller </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>- a system for finding out the position of aircraft, etc by using radio waves: radar (noun U) </li></ul><ul><li>a radar screen </li></ul><ul><li>- to go higher in the sky: go up, climb </li></ul><ul><li>Is the plane still going up? </li></ul><ul><li>We climbed to a height of ten thousand feet. </li></ul><ul><li>to go lower or come down: go down, (formal) descend </li></ul><ul><li>to fly downwards very quickly: dive </li></ul><ul><li>The fighter dived down to attack the enemy bomber . </li></ul><ul><li>if an aircraft flies without using an engine, it glides </li></ul><ul><li>- the height of an aircraft above sea level: altitude </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Accidents in planes </li></ul><ul><li>an accident in a plane, etc: (plane) crash ; verb: crash (sth) </li></ul><ul><li>- to land an aircraft causing damage to it: crash-land (sth); the pilot or the aircraft crash-lands ; noun: crash landing </li></ul><ul><li>He was forced to crash-land in a field. </li></ul><ul><li>The plane ran out of fuel and had to make a crash-landing in the desert. </li></ul><ul><li>- if a plane falls from the sky or lands in a place outside an airport, it comes down </li></ul><ul><li>The plane came down in the middle of a field. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>- broken pieces of a plane, etc that has been badly damaged: wreckage (noun U) </li></ul><ul><li>The rescuers managed to pull three survivors from the wreckage </li></ul><ul><li>a plastic or rubber jacket filled with air that keeps sb floating in water: life jacket </li></ul><ul><li>a thing that you put over your face to be able to breathe in an emergency in a plane: oxygen mask </li></ul><ul><li>- a piece of strong cloth that is tied to sb and that lets them fall slowly to the ground when they jump from a plane: parachute ; to use a parachute: parachute </li></ul><ul><li>He parachuted safely to the ground </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>More… </li></ul><ul><li>- a special route in the air which planes fly through: flight path : </li></ul><ul><li>Our flight path takes us over the South of France and the Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>violent or uneven movement of air, making flight uncomfortable: turbulence (noun U) </li></ul><ul><li>- the business of flying (building aircraft, flying them, running airlines, etc): aviation (noun U) </li></ul><ul><li>the aviation industry </li></ul><ul><li>- done from an aircraft: aerial (adjective, only before a noun) </li></ul><ul><li>an aerial attack/photograph </li></ul><ul><li>- an occasion when people can look at planes and watch them flying: air show </li></ul>