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  • 1. HumanNature…Good…?Bad…? By: Tommy Lee
  • 2. Man is both good AND evilHuman nature differs from how people view onthings and what they believe in.Basically, “good” is the name we give when aperson does things that humans in common like“evil” is the name we give when a person doesthings that humans in common DONOT like.
  • 3. Man is GOOD… http://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=happy+emoticon& um=1&hl=ko&newwindow=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=m9uxf9N J0ZkpdM:&imgrefurl=http://onsoftware.en.softonic.com/ create-the-worlds-greatest-emoticon&docid=VvxLG- E_Q1O- iM&w=150&h=145&ei=A5GNTsyELYGUiQeIvdiYDg&zo om=1&iact=hc&vpx=140&vpy=198&dur=1201&hovh=11 6&hovw=120&tx=104&ty=95&page=3&tbnh=98&tbnw= 101&start=18&ndsp=10&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:18&biw=673& bih=443
  • 4. Importance of laws and orderswithin a society“Which Is better, to have laws and agree, or to huntand kill?” is said by Piggy in Chap 11. Piggy asks arhetorical question to indicate that human nature ismeant to have laws and orders in order to form asociety. http://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=lotf+piggy&um=1&hl=ko&newwi ndow=1&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=R05QcOMBeF- NYM:&imgrefurl=http://xxlizzxx.glogster.com/Lord-of-the-Flies- Piggy/&docid=Z76yV8kRpvC7CM&w=400&h=300&ei=DZeNTpTGN6 iuiQew353lDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=120&dur=3768&hovh =194&hovw=259&tx=169&ty=164&page=1&tbnh=114&tbnw=151&st art=0&ndsp=8&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0&biw=673&bih=442
  • 5. Order and Cooperation “ We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. (16:9).” Piggy states this to Ralph informing the need of order and cooperation among people- human nature is meant to work together to better one’s condition.http://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=helping+each+other&um=1&hl=ko&newwindow=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=unBe0fO-SG5ecM:&imgrefurl=http://cafelogos.wordpress.com/2011/03/23/i-need-you-more-than-you-need-me/rock-climbers-helping-each-other/&docid=2ji1enRlCiwQCM&w=512&h=340&ei=9pmNTv79JKihiAffuICeDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=122&dur=943&hovh=183&hovw=276&tx=118&ty=163&page=4&tbnh=92&tbnw=123&start=29&ndsp=10&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:29&biw=673&bih=433
  • 6. Adam Smith’s (Philosopher) thoughts"How selfish so ever man may be supposed, there areevidently some principles in his nature, which interesthim in the fortune of others, and render their happinessnecessary to him, though he derives nothing from itexcept the pleasure of seeing it."(http://www.adamsmith.org/adam-smith/)Human nature is complicated and complex.People are self-interested, but at the sametime, we also like to help others too.
  • 7. Conventions and GroupsToday, conventions and groups are organizedto help people who are in need of help.UN (United Nations)UNICEF (United Nations InternationalChildren’s Emergency Fund)WHO (World Health Organization)Etc.http://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=un&um=1&hl=ko&newwindow=1&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=jVLvPb-OzFwQvM:&imgrefurl=http://www.peacewomen.org/peacewomen_and_the_un/&docid=Ppid7Yk-D1gkEM&w=400&h=313&ei=IZyNTsv-I-eciAf6i5GLDg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=2&page=3&tbnh=94&tbnw=101&start=16&ndsp=9&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:16&tx=43&ty=1&biw=673&bih=433
  • 8. Helping Others (PersonalExperience)Back in the days when I was in Korea, I often hadfriends who got hurt and needed help. Wheneverthere were accidents, I helped them get to thenurse. This suggested that it is human nature tohelp others who are in harsh conditions.
  • 9. Man is EVILhttp://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=evil&um=1&hl=ko&newwindow=1&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=btHi_ZlYOy8vWM:&imgrefurl=http://www.designyourway.net/blog/wallpapers/collection-of-over-70-excellent-dark-wallpapers/&docid=MLmuA5Kzlg2bBM&w=430&h=344&ei=_MGNToXZDuq8iAf7ir3pDQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=381&page=1&tbnh=101&tbnw=130&start=0&ndsp=8&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=102&ty=59&biw=675&bih=433
  • 10. Robbery…First of all, why are therefrequent robberies?The answer to thequestion is becausepeople are never satisfiedwith what they have. It ishuman nature to bejealous or to be greedy ofsomething.
  • 11. Murder…Few month ago, in Korea, a wife in a family killedher husband to earn the death benefit which wasabout $100,000 and was caught few weeks later.This kind of murder is due to the human nature ofbeing selfish and greedy and when considering thefrequent murders, it is evidently clear that humannature is EVIL.
  • 12. Thomas Hobbes (Philosopher) thoughtsThomas Hobbes was a Philosopher whobelieved that human nature was evil. Heclaimed that all humans have an evil sidein themselves and they would need lawsand orders to control what they do.
  • 13. Evilness is something that is within a human being.“There isn’t anyone to help you. Only me.And I’m the Beast. . . . Fancy thinking theBeast was something you could hunt andkill! . . . You knew, didn’t you? I’m part ofyou? Close, close, close! I’m the reasonwhy it’s no go? Why things are the waythey are?”The Lord of the Flies speaks these lines toSimon in Chapter 8. These words informsSimon that the “beast”, which symbolizesfear and evilness, is within the boys. http://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=bad&um=1&hl=ko&newwindow=1&tbm=isch&tb nid=P5qp6AWHgLESRM:&imgrefurl=http://hrbeginner.blogspot.com/2011/01/ugly- truth-about-having-bad- day.html&docid=nXj1AoBzfY6UhM&w=1280&h=1024&ei=i4KRTtWMAqq6iAft- 6ibDg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=133&page=2&tbnh=119&tbnw=160&start=6&ndsp=8&v ed=1t:429,r:0,s:6&tx=127&ty=58&biw=714&bih=479
  • 14. The existence of laws and penaltiesWhen considering the existence oflaws and penalties and itsfunctionality, we can assume thatpeople need something to controlthemselves in order to prevent crimesand incidents from happening. As aresult, human nature is evil andorders are prerequisites to maintain astable society. http://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=laws+and+penalties&um=1&hl=ko&newwindow=1&sa= X&tbm=isch&tbnid=ZTxmZL014a1ewM:&imgrefurl=http://www.ehow.co.uk/info_8626134_so uth-carolina-extortion-laws- penalties.html&docid=jbW5UugJfk2joM&w=225&h=220&ei=N4ORTp7pBMG7iAeg2aCLDg& zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=419&vpy=127&dur=40&hovh=176&hovw=180&tx=126&ty=109&page =1&tbnh=139&tbnw=136&start=0&ndsp=7&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0&biw=714&bih=479
  • 15. BUT…Man can alsobe BOTH…
  • 16. RogerIn the beginning of thestory, Roger is a civilizedboy who followed Ralph’srules. However, as Jackstarts to gain power amongthe boys, Roger startstreating Jack as his leaderand turns into a savageboy.This proves that man canbe both good and evil. http://www.google.com.hk/imgres?q=roger+lotf&um=1&hl=ko&newwindow=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=2- oStSo-KpDI8M:&imgrefurl=http://jack-lotf.wikispaces.com/Jack- Lotf&docid=h1DkwLfllHhBDM&w=400&h=300&ei=yoORTqGDKMWQiQfassn1DQ&zoom=1&iact=hc &vpx=232&vpy=102&dur=1297&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=202&ty=176&page=2&tbnh=123&tbnw=1 64&start=7&ndsp=8&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:7&biw=714&bih=479
  • 17. John Locke’s (Philosopher) thoughts According to John Locke, human nature is both good and evil and that humans have an innate sense of right and wrong. He claimed that “Man is by nature a social animal.”http://www.google.com/imgres?q=john+locke%27s+view+on+human+nature+good+ which means man are born in a cleanor+evil&um=1&hl=en&newwindow=1&sa=N&biw=714&bih=468&tbm=isch&tbnid=1_elA_F3My-xrM:&imgrefurl=http://www.ysursa.com/history/US%2520Hist/Liberalism_debate.htm state and is influenced by its society.&docid=pSCM_7yti7cfxM&w=189&h=204&ei=H4mRToOHAu-PiAfLvbjoDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=222&vpy=157&dur=86&hovh=163&hovw=151&tx=88&ty=48&page=1&tbnh=122&tbnw=114&start=0&ndsp=10&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0
  • 18. Conclusion After reading LOTF (Lord of the Flies) and exploring somephilosopher’s thoughts towards the authenticity of human nature, humannature seems to be both good and evil. When people are born, they are in aclean state and they are gradually influenced by the society or even the peoplesurrounding them. John Locke, a philosopher, claimed that “Man is by nature asocial animal.” which supports the idea that “good” or “evil” is decided fromwhat one adapts to. Like Roger in LOTF, man can easily assimilate thechanged environment and can undergo a sudden change. Moreover, the existence of laws and penalties prove that it isimpossible for humans to be just “good” or just “evil”. For example, if weconsider the law-breakers, we can’t say that they are good; conversely, if weconsider the innocents, we can’t say that they are bad. When analyzing theforms of governments in different countries, it is evidently clear that people areboth good and evil since there is no utopia or dystopia. Therefore, people areboth good and evil. As mentioned, this question is a very complex and philosophicquestion to consider, thus there isn’t a correct or incorrect answer to it.
  • 19. MLA "Locke versus Hobbes." Jamess Liberty File Collection Index. Web. 09 Oct. 2011. <http://jim.com/hobbes.htm>. Joyful Days. Web. 09 Oct. 2011. <http://www.joyfuldays.com/nature-of- man/>. "Homer Good And Evil Wallpaper 800×600." Homer Simpson Wallpapers. Web. 09 Oct. 2011. <http://www.homersimpsonwallpapers.com/homer-good-and-evil- wallpaper-800x600>. "Two Sides." Uyen Vu. Web. 09 Oct. 2011. <http://uyenvu.com/two- sides-2>. "100 People Who Changed the World | Biography Online." Biography Online | Biographies of Inspirational and Famous People. Web. 09 Oct. 2011. <http://www.biographyonline.net/people/people-who-changed- world.html>.