20120407 sitting meditation satipatthana-eight precepts

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Introduction to meditation and Buddhism

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20120407 sitting meditation satipatthana-eight precepts

  1. 1. Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple Updated Mar 2010
  2. 2. Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Templená mó fó tuó南 無 佛 陀 Namo Buddhaná mó dá mó南 無 達 摩 Namo Dharmaná mó sēng qié南 無 僧 伽 Namo Sangha Updated Mar 2010
  3. 3. Buddhist Association of CanadaEssentials of InsightMeditation PracticeA Pragmatic Approach to Vipassana Meditation 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  4. 4. Buddhist Association of Canada The Main Aim of Buddhist MeditationThe main aim is to purify the mind of all negative tendencies—such as greed, anger and delusion, through mind control. When all negative tendencies are removed, the mind will be clear and freed from suffering.The actual aim is very exalted, as it aims at the complete eradication of suffering. This process does not only happen in or cover one existence, it spans over limitless existences. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  5. 5. Buddhist Association of Canada Insight meditation Insight meditation does not just involve holding the mindstill. It also involves penetrative observation and absorption.This kind of penetrative observation, without any thinking,without any conceptualization, allows the mind to realize thetrue nature of things as they really are, things like the natureof our mind and body processes, the nature of the personand the nature of the world. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  6. 6. Buddhist Association of Canada The Results from Insight meditationWith the realization of the nature of existence:•The mind no longer has conflicts with the nature,•The mind becomes together with nature, and•The mind realizes the true nature of things.•Consequently, the mind becomes purified and absence ofdelusion. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  7. 7. Buddhist Association of Canada Transcendence in Insight meditationIn the process, the mind transcends everything—1. It transcends conceptual reality,2. It transcends conditioned reality and finally3. It goes into absolute reality, which is the unchanging state.4. After much practice, it is the true nature that is experienced by the mind. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  8. 8. Buddhist Association of Canada The Nature of Mindfulness At the start of our practice, we have to recognize the nature of mindfulness, which we have to develop over time during meditation.The presence of mindfulness is what really makes thedifference between true happiness and false happiness.True happiness is when we really have peace of mind. Falsehappiness is when greed and excitement overcome the mind—the mind is agitated. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  9. 9. Buddhist Association of Canada Three factors in mindfulness1. The 1st factor is clarity of the mind. The mind is clear and pure—clear from all greed, anger, dullness, delusion and hallucination.2. The 2nd factor is stability, calmness and peace. The mind is in the state of serenity, steadiness and non-violence even in an adverse condition.3. The third factor is alertness of the mind. The mind becomes sensitive and alert at meditation object and all the conditions and cause/effect associated with it. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  10. 10. Buddhist Association of Canada The Purpose of Meditation Practice1. To keep the mind in the present moment.2. To keep mindfulness clear, calm and in the present moment.3. To see what is happening to our meditation object.In walking meditation, the object of the mindfulness is the walkingprocess. In sitting meditation, the object is the “rising” and“falling” process of the abdomen; and in other daily activities, the objectis to know what we are doing. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  11. 11. Buddhist Association of Canada Satipatthana Vipassana Meditationn四念住 Kayanupassana Satipatthana (Mindfulness of Body) Vedananupassana Satipatthana (Mindfulness of Feelings) Cittanupassana Satipatthana (Mindfulness of Mind) Dhammanupassana Satipatthana (Mindfulness of Phenomena) 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  12. 12. Buddhist Association of Canada Satipatthana Vipassana Meditationn四念住In the Buddhist tradition, Satipatthāna refersto the establishing, foundation or presence of"mindfulness“. The Buddha taught theestablishing of mindfulness as the direct path tothe realization of nirvana. Satipatthānā meansthe Four Foundations of Mindfulness, bases formaintaining moment-by-moment mindfulnessand for developing mindfulness throughmeditation. In contemporary times the practiceis most associated with Theravada Buddhism( ). The method is also known asVipassana meditation. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  13. 13. Buddhist Association of Canada What is a Foundation of Mindfulness?Herein a monk dwells contemplatingThe body in the bodyFeelings in the feelingsConsciousness in the consciousnessMind-objects in the mind-objectsardent, clearly comprehending and mindfulhaving overcome covetousness and grief in theworld. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  14. 14. Buddhist Association of Canada What is Mindfulness?Mindfulness is a mental state often described as “thoroughness,”“alertness” or “awareness.”Mindfulness is actually a type of knowing and should be differentiatedfrom just knowing.When one is mindful, there is, at that moment of mindfulness, nogreed, anger, or delusion.One who is mindful is in full control (of his mind) and is in a position tohandle well any situation he is in. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  15. 15. Buddhist Association of Canada Mindfulness in MeditationIn meditation, one must not just know an object; one must knowit mindfully.Tolerating the pain and watching it mindfully.One mistake is, trying too hard to be mindful. Allow time for themindfulness to gradually and naturally develop.Another common mistake is to put concentration overmindfulness. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  16. 16. Buddhist Association of Canada Experience the TruthTo experience the truth directly one cannot speculate or have ideasabout it.It can be realized only through bare attention.When one is mindful without thinking, it also means that one is not tothink about the past or future.Mindfulness can only dwell in the present occurrence of a phenomena.“One should be mindful with bare attention on the presently occurringphenomena which appears to the mind as a specific characteristic.” 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  17. 17. Buddhist Association of Canada Experience the TruthWith increased mindfulness, one will get to see therelationships of true characteristics with one another.This will lead to direct experience of the three generalcharacteristics of existence—Dukkha, Anicca,andAnatta (suffering, impermanence, and non-self).The end result is the elimination of defilements andtherefore, suffering. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  18. 18. Buddhist Association of Canada The Eight Precepts1. Abstain from destroying living beings.2. Abstain from taking things not given.3. Abstain from sensual misconduct.4. Abstain from false speech.5. Abstain from taking anything that causes intoxication.6. Abstain from eating at improper times.7. Abstain from dancing, music, shows and beautifying with cosmetics8. Abstain from use of high and large seats and beds. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  19. 19. Buddhist Association of Canada Monastic Lunch Etiquette1. The monastic lunch etiquette, e.g. sitting posture, observe silence throughout, even in moving the chairs, the singing of prayer before lunch, etc.2. The 3 bowls arrangement and their usage, etiquette in asking for additional rice, dish & fruits etc.3. The cleaning of bowls and after meal arrangement of bowls, etc.4. The singing of closing prayer after meal, etc.5. The laitys eight precepts and the purpose & etc. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  20. 20. Buddhist Association of Canada Questions and Comments 討論www.ChamShanTemple.orgwww.shengguangshi.blogspot.comShengguangShi@hotmail.comShengguang Shi 釋聖光Tom Cheung 張相棠Kam Cheung 張仁勤Dennis A. Yap 葉普智Rodolfo Rivas 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
  21. 21. Buddhist Association of Canada回向 yuàn xiāo zhàng zhū fán năo s ā nParinamana (Transfer of Merit) 願消三障諸煩惱 We wish to rid ourselves of the three hindrances and all klesas. yuàn dé zhì huì zhēn míng l ĭ a o 願得智慧 真 明了 We wish to gain wisdom and real understanding. pŭ yuàn zuì zhàng xī chú x i ā o 普願罪障悉消除 We wish all sinful hindrances to be totally eradicated. shì shì cháng xíng pú sà dào 世世常行菩薩道 In one life after another we always follow Bodhisattvas’ paths. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada

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